23 February 2010
The National Research Environment
The Ministry of Education, Youth and Science oversees education and research in Bulgaria. The legal framework for founding of higher education institutions is set by the Law of Higher Education. According to Article 9 of this Law, the Parliament (Narodno sabranie) plays the key role in decision making about matters, that concern the network of higher education institutions in the country.
Major research funders
The major research funder in Bulgaria is the National Science Fund. Promotion of Open Access is more of an individual effort, than the result of institutional support or policy.
The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), the coordinator of research in Bulgaria, intends to establish a network of scientific Open Access centres. Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI-BAS) will be the coordinator of the Bulgarian network and will provide support for academic institutions and researchers. IMI-BAS will launch a national project to develop the research infrastructure and digital repositories for researchers, educators, public bodies and companies who need contemporary scientific and education information and resources. This will foster integration between academia, the public sector and industry, as well as strengthen the institutional links between all major research and education organizations (Universities, Institutes of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, etc).
DiPP2013 Conference place: Museum of the Bulgarian Revival and Constituent Assembly and Regional Public Library "Petko Rachev Slaveykov", Veliko Tarnovo
Fourth National Information Day and Workshop “Open Access to Scientific Information"
In the last four years the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics by the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI‐BAS) acts as a national coordinator of activities for open access to scientific information and data and provide support for academic institutions and researchers. IMI‐BAS works to develop the research infrastructure and digital repositories for researchers, educators, public bodies and companies who need contemporary scientific and education information and resources. This foster integration between academia, the public sector and industry strengthen the institutional links between all major research and education organizations. In the moment, there are six Open Access Bulgarian repositories. There are 47 Bulgarian Open Access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).
The national information day "Open access to scientific information" invites representatives of national institutions (including the Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Transport, Information Technologies and Communication, Ministry of Culture), responsible for the development of open access policies, representatives of Bulgarian institutions (research institutes and universities), active in the implementation of open access policy and program, specialist at UNESCO Department "Open Access and scientific information and ICT and science."
The program will cover the following activities:
* Dissemination of partners best practices;
* Discussion on research problems in the field;
* Discussion on possibilities of establishing network of open access repositories;
* Development of study on the harmonization problems of national legislation and practices;
* Discussion on possibilities for developing training course for PhD students and young researchers in the field;
Discussion on possibilities of developing training course for developers and managers of scientific digital repositories to ensure interoperability and the following topics:
* Development of open access to research and scientific information;
* Business models, copyrights and licenses for open access;
* Strategies for the promotion of open access;
* Examples of policies for the development and promotion of open access to the national and institutional levels;
* Recommendations for the development of policies for the promotion of open access.
Open Access and Repositories
Bulgarian research community is informed about the benefits of open access and uses open access research publications.
There is a certain level of awareness among libraries, especially university libraries, though still very few institutions are involved in managing the repositories.
Open Access repositories
As of November 2013 there are 6 Open Access Bulgarian repositories in OpenDOAR.
1) Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository
Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository - http://www.bg-openaire.eu is a centralized cross-institutional repository and provides OpenAIRE compliance and free access to all peer-reviewed publications resulting from ERC funded FP7 projects in Bulgaria.
2) New Bulgarian University
NBU Scholar Electronic Repository - http://eprints.nbu.bg is the first digital repository of scientific literature in Bulgaria. Faculty members can deposit their papers. Currently there are 565 publications with free online access. The New Bulgarian University encourages faculty members to deposit their research outputs into the repository.
3) Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Repository at IMI-BAS - http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg is based on DSpace software with an active and configured OAI-PMH interface for metadata harvesting. Currently (January 2012) there are more than 1300 publications from 6 journals:
- Serdica Journal of Computing
- Serdica Mathematical Journal
- Mathematica Balkanica New Series
- Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis
- International Journal Information Theories and Applications – ITHEA
- International Journal Information Technologies and Knowledge – ITK
4) University of Sofia "St. Kliment Ohridski"
Research at Sofia University - http://research.uni-sofia.bg There are initiatives at Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski" to support the development of Open Access. There is a digital repository for the main research outputs of the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics. Other faculties are expected to join soon.
5) Medical University of Sofia (MUS)
The Central Medical Library - http://www.medun.acad.bg was established in 1918. Today, it is an independent institution within the structure of the Medical University of Sofia (MUS) and has its 90-year experience in providing information resources and services for education, research, and professional practice. New open access repository started at address http://nt-cmb.medun.acad.bg:8080/jspui/ Repository is in process of building, for content is planned to include summaries of PhD theses, dissertations, electronic books, lectures, journal articles and CML-journal publications.
6) Burgas Free University (BFU)
Academic Research Repository at the Burgas Free University - http://www.bfu.bg The research portal of BFU http://research.bfu.bg contains a collection of articles published in the Year-Books of BFU, articles from magazine “Biznes Posoki” and magazine “Contemporary Humanitaristics”, papers from international conferences of BFU, as well as articles, studies, papers and monographs of lecturers from BFU, published in other scientific editions. This site provides access to the research output of the institution. The interface is available in Bulgarian and English. Users may set up RSS feeds to be alerted to new content.
Open Access publishing
There are 47 Bulgarian Open Access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ): http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=journalsByCountry&cId=31&year=2013&uiLanguage=en
Open Access Organisations and Groups
Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI-BAS): Peter L. Stanchev, Ph.D., D.Sc., Professor and chair of Computer Systems Department, e-mail: pstanche[@]kettering.edu
Bulgarian Information Consortium (BIC) / Български информационен консорциум with 38 members - 26 universities, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 agency, 3 National and Centrl libraries, 4 Public libraries, and 3 NGO - Radostina Todorova, New Bulgarian University Library, eIFL-OA country coordinator, rtodorova[@]nbu.bg.
Contributors Contact Details
Peter L. Stanchev, Ph.D., D.Sc.
Professor and chair of Computer Systems Department
Institute of Mathematics and Informatics
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
8 G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria