23 February 2010
The National Research Environment
There are eight universities and four research institutions in Denmark. They are organized under the minister of Science, Technology and Innovation. Five out of the eight universities have Open Access mandates or policies (Roskilde University, The Technical University of Denmark, Aalborg University, Aarhus University and Copenhagen Business School).
Major Danish research funders
The major funder of Danish research is the Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation under the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education. Under the agency the funding is managed by two councils and two foundations:
- The Danish Council for Strategic Research
- The Danish National Research Foundation
- The Danish National Advanced Technology Foundation
- The Danish Council of Independent Research.
The latter is organized into five independent research areas:
- Humanities (Kultur og Kommunikation)
- Natural Sciences (Natur og Univers)
- Social Sciences (Samfund og Erhverv)
- Medical Sciences (Sundhed og sygdom)
- Technology and Production Sciences (Teknologi og produktion)
The total amount of public funding in 2009 was DKK 16,219M (approximately EUR 2,200M).
On the 22th June 2012 all the major public research funders release their common Open Access policy. The Open Access policy is advocating green Open Access and requires the deposit of a digital version of the research article to a repository within a 6 or 12 months after the article is accepted.
EC research funding in Denmark
The EC funding share has been growing and major efforts have been made to ensure Danish success in receiving EC research grants. In 2009 the total research funding from the EC was DKK 941M (appr. EUR. 126M). The Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation is working toward improving the success rate of Danish proposals for EC research grants through the work and advice of the Danish EuroCenter (National Contact Point). More information about the NCP is available here: http://www.fi.dk/internationalt/eus7rammeprogramforforskning
Open Access and Repositories
The awareness of Open Access is mainly within the research library community. However, interest in the topic is growing in the university administrations and also at the research policy level. Besides the three universities that already have policies, other universities are engaging in ongoing work regarding Open Access.
National working group on Danish OA recommendations
A working group under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation published its recommendations and an action plan on Open Access for the minister in 2011. The work has until now resulted in intensified awareness of Open Access on the level of universities and among other parameters resulted in the joint Open Access policy released on the 22nd June 2012 by all the major Danish research funders.
The recommendations can be downloaded here
Open Access repositories in Denmark = CRIS's!
All eight universities in Denmark have Research Management Systems or Current Research Information Systems (CRIS) that also functions as Open Access Repositories.
Because the repositories are mainly CRIS and secondly Open Access Repositories the focus has been on the bibliographic metadata quality and coverage, and not as much on OA. This means that the repositories cover a very high percentage of the universities production as bibliographic descriptions, but have few OA full texts. On average OA full texts comprise some 5% of the materials in the repositories, but the number varies a great deal from institution to institution. In June 2012 the Danish National Research Database showed that 30.075 out of 562,816 records where Open Access. The percentage tends to be higher for newer publications.
Open Access projects and initiatives
First of all, the Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education is working on implementing the Open Access recomendations to EC member states from 2007, as a result the OA mandates for research councils where released in June 2012.
Additionally, national efforts have been coordinated by DEFF (Denmark's electronic research library) in order to increase OA to Danish research. The latest of these efforts is the establishment of the Danish Open Access Network responsible for www.open-access.dk and for coordinating the exchange of ideas and experiences with regards to OA and repositories.
Open Access publishing in Denmark
According to the Directory of Open Access Journals there were 17 OA journals located in Denmark in October 2010. In addition to these journals, there are different quasi-OA journals - many of them are hosted by two journal services based on OJS - provided by the State Library in Aarhus and the CBS Library in Copenhagen, these services are:
Also, the university press, Museum Tusculanum, from the University of Copenhagen has taken a lead role nationally with its experiments in Open Access, primarily in the humanities. Museum Tusculanum also took part in OAPEN.
Contributors Contact Details
Mikael K. Elbæk, Systems Librarian
Chairman of the Danish Open Access Network and Project Manager of the National Danish Research Database
DTU Library, Technical University of Denmark
Phone: +45 4525 7446