23 February 2010
The National Research Environment
How are Research Institutions (universities, research centers) organised nationally?
Lithuania has 27 State higher education establishments (14 university higher education establishments and 13 colleges) as well as 20 non-State higher education establishments (9 university higher education establishments and 11 colleges), 14 State research institutes, 5 non-State research institutes.
Major research funders
Who are the major funders of research nationally and do any have OA policies or mandates?
Administration & co-ordination: Ministry of Education and Science, Research Council of Lithuania, Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education, Lithuanian University Rectors' Conference, Lithuanian College Directors' Conference.
The Research Council of Lithuania functions and cooperates with the organizations responsible for the research policy, funding resources (public, private), evaluation procedures of projects, monitoring, etc. On Nov. 19, 2010 Research Council of Lithuania became a member of European Science Foundation in order to guarantee Lithuania’s representation of the highest level and to ensure the participation of Lithuanian scientists in the development of the European Research Area.
Article 45 of the new Law on Higher Education and Research of the Republic of Lithuania (adopted on April 30, 2009 and took effect on May 12, 2009) requires the results of scientific activity to be made publicly available:
- In order to ensure the quality of research conducted with funds of the state budget, the transparency of the use of funds of the state budget, to enhance scientific progress, the results of all research works carried out in state higher education and research institutions must be announced publicly (in the Internet or any other way), to the extent this is in compliance with the legal acts regulating the protection of intellectual property, commercial or state and official secrets.
- The results of research conducted in non-state higher education and research institutions with funds of the state budget shall be announced publicly (in the Internet or any other way), to the extent this is in compliance with the legal acts regulating the protection of intellectual property, commercial or state secrets.
Open Access and Repositories
Open Access projects and initiatives
Is there an awareness of Open Access within the research community nationally?
The movement for open access to scientific information in Lithuania was started in 2003 when Lithuanian universities began a pilot project (financed by UNESCO) to create an information system for electronic theses and dissertations (ETD), which later developed into several larger projects at the Lithuanian Academic Libraries Network (LABT).
In 2003, the libraries of the Vilnius University Institute of Oncology and KaunasUniversity of Medicine became members of BioMedCentral and started to publish articles in BioMedCentral.
In 2006, the Minister of Education and Science issued a decree to establish a Lithuanian information system for electronic documents (eLABa).
Open Access repositories
What is the current status and distribution of OA repositories nationally?
The Electronic Academic Library of Lithuania (eLABa) is operating as the national OA repository of the Ministry of Education and Science and all academic institutions of Lithuania. The fundamentals of the eLABa were laid in the course of the project Lithuanian Academic Libraries Network (LABT). The eLABa stores about 24 thousand of objects, consists of 6 collections: books, journal articles, conference proceedings, doctoral thesis and dissertations, working papers, empirical data. The eLABa is a national repository based on Fedora and OAI-PMH.
Three institutions have established institutional repositories on their own:
- Aleksandras Stulginskis University repository
- Kaunas College repository
- Vilnius Gediminas Technical University repository
Open Access publishing
What is the current status of OA journals published nationally?
There are 23 open access journals listed in the DOAJ.
Open Access organisations and groups
The most active player in the dissemination of the OA initiatives in Lithuania is Lithuanian Research Libraries Consortium (http://www.lmba.lt), which is a member of EIFL. The OA ideas are supported by Lithuanian Research Council, Lithuanian Ministry of Education and Science, Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, Association of Lithuanian Serials and other organizations. Various events (seminars, round-table discussions and presentations delivered by the OA supporters at the national and international levels since 2005) have played an important role in advocating for the OA ideas in Lithuania.
Contact details of the National Open Access Desk
Gintarė Tautkevičienė, Kaunas University of Technology, firstname.lastname@example.org