23 February 2010
The National Research Environment
The organization of Slovenian research environment is defined in the Research and Development Act, which also specifies how research and development policies are implemented and how research is funded from government funds and other sources (European programmes and frameworks, local communities and business enterprises). Research and development activities are carried out by research institutions in the form of programmes and projects and by private researchers in the form of projects, stemming in the National Research and Development Programme. The Research and Development Act states that results of research and development activities, financed from government funds, should be made publicly available with the only limitations being those, set by regulations on intellectual property, authors’ rights and personal data. The Resolution on the National Research and Development Programme 2011-2020 anticipates Open Access to raw research data from publicly financed research and preparation of an action plan till the year 2014 as a basis for a national Open Research Data policy.
The Research Infrastructure Development Plan 2011-2020 envisages the international cooperation of Slovenia in ESS, Dariah and CESSDA projects. National repositories for scientific publications and for raw research data are planned and are to be connected to the national Current Research Information System (SICRIS). Deposit of research publications and raw data is to be made mandatory when the infrastructure is established. Building of an open social sciences and humanities research infrastructure is also anticipated.
Research and development activities are carried out at approximately 900 institutions. There are three public universities: the University of Ljubljana, the University of Maribor and the University of Primorska. The largest among the private academic institutions is the University of Nova Gorica. The four universities form the Rectors’ Conference of the Republic of Slovenia. The largest research institutes in Slovenia are the Jožef Stefan Institute, the Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the National Institute of Chemistry, the Institute of Oncology and the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia. The umbrella interest association of research institutes is KOsRIS (Coordination of Independent Research Institutions of Slovenia).
Data on Slovenian researchers, organisations, research groups, projects and programmes are available via Slovenian Current Research Information System SICRIS (personal bibliographies of researchers are also used for research evaluation).
More information on the national research environment is available at Erawatch Slovenia.
Major Research Funders
Major funders of research are Slovenian Research Agency and Slovenian Technology Agency, which finance the activities supporting the research policies of the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport.
EC Research Funding
In 2010 Slovenia spent 2.11 % of its gross domestic product to finance research and development activities. In the same year the total funding for R &D expenditure from abroad amounted to 44.83 million EUR, out of this 24.89 million EUR from the European Commission.
Open Access Situation
Information on Open Access in Slovenian language is available through the national portal openaccess.si. More than 35 Slovenian scientific journals are indexed in DOAJ (out of approximately 120). The country does not have a national portal for Open Access journals. The electronic versions of all publicly co-financed Slovenian subscription journals (approximately 65 titles) and final reports of research projects, financed by the Slovenian Research Agency, must be deposited into the Digital Library of Slovenia. There are five active OAI-PMH interoperable repositories (no national portal): Digital Library of Slovenia, Digital Library of the University of Maribor, ePrints.FRI, PeFprints and Digital Repository UL FGG. Some of the research institutions publish Open Access monographs (e.g., Digital Library of the Educational Research Institute). The country does not have a national portal for Open Access monographs. Social Science Data Archives, a member of CESSDA, maintained by the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Ljubljana, is collecting raw research data from social sciences research. Slovenia takes part in OpenAIRE and OpenAIREplus projects (National Open Access Desk at the University of Ljubljana). National Open Access initiatives are being supported by EIFL-OA program. None of the Slovenian institutions has signed any of the Open Access declarations. Slovenian research funders and institutions have not yet formed the Open Access policies.
Major Open Access Projects/Initiatives
Contributor’s Contact Details and Contact Details of the National Open Access Desk
Dr Mojca Kotar
Assistant Secretary General
University of Ljubljana
University Office of Library Services
Kongresni trg 12
Ph.: +386 1 2418 679
Date: 13 September 2012