23 de Febrero de 2010
The National Research Environment
Major research funding bodies
The Austrian Science Fund (FWF) is Austria's central funding organization for basic research. The purpose of the FWF is to support the ongoing development of Austrian science and basic research at a high international level. In this way, the FWF makes a significant contribution to cultural development, and to the advancement of our knowledge-based society.
The Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) is the national funding institution for applied industrial research in Austria. The FFG offers a comprehensive range of services for Austrian enterprises, research institutions and researchers – from the management of public funding programmes to consulting services in all phases of technology development and innovation, from support for integration into European research programmes and networks to the promotion of Austria's interests at the European and the international level.
The Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft (AWS), is a centralized institution created to enhance business services for enterprises.
Further funding bodies
The Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (LBG), founded in 1960, is a private sponsor of research establishments in Austria. Its institutes deal with questions relating to medicine, humanities, social sciences and cultural sciences. It is named after the great Austrian physicist, mathematician and philosopher, Ludwig Boltzmann, whose broad scientific interests still remain the basis for the interdisciplinarity of the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (Ludwig Boltzmann Society) today. The LBG, which is financed from public and private resources, is divided into Institutes and Clusters and currently employs more than 250 people. Following a comprehensive organisational reform in 2002, Ludwig Boltzmann Institutes (LBI) have been set up on the basis of calls for proposals and international evaluation procedures. Luwdig Boltzmann Institutes are characterised in particular by their cooperation with institutional partner organisations.
The Christian Doppler Research Association (CDG). The non-profit association aims at promoting development in the areas of natural sciences, technology and economy as well as for their economic implementation and utilisation. It enables talented scientists in renowned research centres to achieve high-quality research and knowledge transfer in line with the demands and to the advantage of the CDG member companies.
The Academy contributes decisively to assuring highly competitive Austrian research, advising decision-makers in politics, business, and society on science-related issues, while informing the interested public about major scientific discoveries. The Academy gives new impetus by taking up new, forward-looking research areas. Scientific quality, innovation potential and sustainability are the main criteria for the Academy's research profile. As centres of excellence, the Academy's research institutions must stand the test of international competition in the form of periodic evaluations. The Academy offers fellowships to talented young scholars in promotion programmes that are committed exclusively to the standards of the international scientific community, thus giving highly qualified junior scientists an opportunity to develop scientific expertise. In granting awards, the Academy commends outstanding scientific achievements.
The AIT intends to strategically position itself on the international research market as a premier research institute with a European format, while also consolidating Austria's position as a business location internationally.
The IST Austria is a new Institute dedicated to basic research and graduate education in the natural sciences, located in the Vienna Woods. IST Austria is committed to becoming a world-class research centre offering, by 2016, an international, state-of-the-art environment for approx. 500 scientists and doctoral students.
Open Access and Repositories
The awareness of open access is still small, but is growing very fast.
There are no major national projects underway. Nevertheless, there are three relevant facts to be quoted, and in our opinion, they will soon change the situation:
1. The mandate of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) http://www.fwf.ac.at/en/projects/peer-reviewed_publications.html linked with
2. The new regulations – where the funding body is still not clear – introduced by the Austrian Laws concerning the Universities, namely the obligation to set up a national institutional repository for thesis and dissertation output of the Universities (Universitätsgesetz-Novelle 2009, Errichtung einer zentralen Datenbank für wissenschaftliche und künstlerische Arbeiten $ 85 UG 2002, neue Fassung), http://www.bmwf.gv.at/uploads/tx_bmwfcontent/UG2002_011009.pdf ,
3. In January, 2010, Universities Austria (the Austrian Rector's Conference) published its recommendations for the enhancement of Open Access Policies in Austria (http://www.reko.ac.at/universitaetspolitik/erklaerungen/). The University of Vienna declared officially to implement an OA Policy in January, 2010.
Open Access publishing
The Directory of Open Access Journals lists 40 Austrian journals by August 2012
Open Access repositories
University of Vienna
Phaidra Phaidra (Permanent Archiving and Indexing of Digital Resources and Assets), as an innovative whole-university digital asset management system with long-term archiving functions, offers the possibility to archive valuable data university-wide, offering multilingual access using metadata (data about data), thus providing worldwide availability around the clock. Phaidra is:
OTHES Othes is an institutional repository for the University of Vienna providing access to the thesis and dissertation output of the university.
Abschlussarbeiten The Academy of Fine Arts Vienna has set up a repository which provides access to the university's thesis and dissertation output.
Vienna University of Economics and Business
epub WU Institutional Repository The Vienna University of Economics and Business has set up a repository which provides access to the university's thesis and dissertation output.
Theresianischen Militärakademie (Theresian Military Academy)
Bundesherr-Publikationen The Theresian Military Academy.has set up a repository which provides access to the university's thesis and dissertation output.
University of Leoben
http://www.unileoben.ac.at/images/stories/Bibliothek/edoc The University of Leoben has set up a repository which provides access to the university's thesis and dissertation output.
University of Klagenfurt
http://ubdocs.uni-klu.ac.at The University of Klagenfurt has set up a repository which provides access to the university's thesis and dissertation output.
European Communities Studies Association Austria (ECSA Austria)
Useful links and resources
FWF-OA-policy http://www.fwf.ac.at/en/public_relations/oai/index.html (English)
Statistics Austria http://www.statistik.at/web_de/services/stat_jahrbuch/index.html
Universities Austria http://www.reko.ac.at/universitaetspolitik/erklaerungen/
N.B. Citation source of all tables and the quoted information: Austrian Research and Technology Report 2009, http://www.bmwf.gv.at/fileadmin/user_upload/forschung/publikationen/ftb_2009_en.pdf
Open Access Group at the University of Vienna
Open Access Group at University of Vienna based at the Vienna University Library and coordinated by Guido Blechl.
Contact Details OpenAIRE Austria
Gerda McNeill (EU-Projects/OpenAIRE)
Olivia Kaiser-Dolidze (OpenAIRE)