Should research data be open?
Ideally, all research data is both FAIR and open. In Horizon2020 data should be managed and deposited taking measures to enable users to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminate the data free of charge (also using appropriate licenses) thus making data FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable). The best way to increase data reuse is through clarifying licences. License your data to permit the widest reuse possible. The EUDAT licensing wizard helps you pick licences for data and software http://ufal.github.io/public-license-selector/
If some data can’t be shared openly, explain in your grant proposal or later in the DMP which data and why. Specify how access will be provided in case of restrictions, e.g. through a data committee, a license, or arranged with the repository.
Furthermore, open access to data should be provided whenever possible:
- for data needed to validate the results presented in scientific publications, as soon as possible;
- for other data, when necessary beneficiaries can specify embargo periods for their data in the data management plan (as appropriate in their scientific area and in line with the embargo periods for access to publications).
For more information, see the EC Participants’ Online Manual (http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/cross-cutting-issues/open-access-data-management/data-management_en.htm