OA in Ireland
The National Research Environment
There are seven universities in Ireland: University College Dublin (UCD), University College Cork (UCC), the National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG), the National University of Ireland Maynooth (NUIM), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin City University and the University of Limerick. St. Patrick’s College Maynooth (The Pontifical University) is included by the Irish Higher Education Authority as an eight university.
The National University of Ireland also has five recognised colleges - The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, National College of Art and Design, the Institute of Public Administration, the Shannon College of Hotel Management and St. Angela’s College of Education for Home Economics.
In addition to the universities, an important part of the Irish higher education infrastructure is the thirteen Institutes of Technology located throughout the country.
For further details on Irish Higher Education please see: http://www.hea.ie/en/AboutHEA
Major research funders
- Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food : No Open Access policies as yet
- Enterprise Ireland : No Open Access policies as yet
- Environmental Protection Agency : No Open Access policies as yet
- HEA (Higher Education Authority): OA Mandate from June 30th 2009. Download policy
- HRB (Health Research Board): OA Recommendations Download Policy
- IRCHSS (Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences): No Open Access policies as yet
- IRCSET (Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology): OA Mandate from May 1st 2008. Press release
"This may be the best funder mandate anywhere" - Peter Suber
- Marine Institute No Open Access policies as yet
- SFI (Science Foundation Ireland): OA Mandate from February 1st 2009. Download policy
EU research funding
From: ‘Ireland: major EU achievements in science & research 2004-2009’, European Commission, 2009:
“Ireland ranks 3rd for high-tech exports and 6th for FP7 success rate within the EU-27 countries”
The Sixth Framework Programme for Research (FP6), which ran between 2002 and 2006, supported about 200 million Euros of Irish research. Irish researchers were particularly successful in getting funding for research training, career development and mobility schemes, through the ‘Human resources and mobility’ parts (which are also known as ‘Marie Curie Actions’) of the programme ‘Structuring the European Research Area (ERA)’. Here, 162 Irish research participants received more than 54 million Euros. Elsewhere, Ireland was also successful in areas such as ‘Information Society Technologies’ (over 42 million Euros); ‘Nanotechnology and Nanosciences’ (nearly 21 million Euros); and ‘Sustainable Development, Global Change and Ecosystems’ (17 million Euros). Irish organisations were also active in coordinating and participating in projects under FP6. Some 891 Irish organisations were involved in 715 projects; 175 of these were led by Irish organisations.
The Seventh Framework Programme for research and technological development (FP7) is in operation from 2007 and 2013. By October 2008, Irish research organisations had secured EC contributions of around 42 million Euros through FP7. Irish research organisations are particularly successful in the following areas of research: ‘Information and Communication Technologies’ (20 million Euros), ‘Health’ (over 5 million Euros), and ‘Food, Agriculture, and Biotechnology’ (over 3 million Euros). Also, they secured signifcant funding through ‘Marie Curie Actions’ for research training, career development and researcher mobility schemes (over 3 million Euros), and ‘Research Infrastructures’, which optimise the use and development of the best and existing research infrastructures in Europe (over 2 million Euros). The Irish are the lead coordinators in 23 FP7 projects and over 160 Irish organisations are involved in 139 projects.
Open Access and Repositories
Awareness of Open Access has increased within the research community nationally, particularly since institutional repositories have been built in each Irish university. Advocacy programmes and funder mandates (IRCSET, SFI, HEA) have had a positive effect. There is still some way to go before the majority of Irish researchers will automatically deposit their papers in their local OA repository. Institutional mandates requiring open access archiving of research publications have been adopted in three institutions to date: Dublin Institute of Technology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth and Trinity College Dublin.
If so, describe any activities or projects underway nationally e.g. funder policies/mandates, OA repositories projects/initiatives, development of OA journals etc.
Open Access projects and initiatives
The Open Access to Irish Research Project
Irish universities received government funding to build institutional repositories in each Irish university and to develop a federated harvesting and discovery service via a national portal. It is intended that this collaboration will be expanded to embrace all Irish research institutions in the future.
This three-year project started in April 2007 and ended in March 2010. The project was directed by the Irish Universities Association and managed by the Irish Universities Association Librarians’ Group. A press release on the project from the Irish Universities Association is available at this link. ‘Rian’, the Ireland's Narional Open Access Research Portal, harvests metadata from the institutional repositories of the Rian partner institutions. Rian was launched in October, 2010.
For further information on Rian please contact John Cox, (Librarian, National University of Ireland, Galway, Chair of the IUA Librarians’ Group and of the Rian Steering Group).
- OpenAIRE: Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe
- e-InfraNet : European network for co-ordination of policies and programmes on e-infrastructures
Associated National Initiatives:
- NDLR (National Digital Learning Repository)
- RISE Group (Research Information Systems Exchange)
Open Access repositories
Open Access repositories are currently available in all Irish universities and in a number of other higher education institutions:
- Dublin Business School
- Dublin City University
- Dublin Institute of Technology
- Dundalk Institute of Technology
- Connacht Ulster Alliance Libraries
- Mary Immaculate College
- National College of Ireland
- National University of Ireland, Galway
- National University of Ireland, Maynooth
- Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
- Trinity College Dublin
- University College Cork
- University College Dublin Research Repository
- University College Dublin Digital Library
- University of Limerick
- Waterford Institute of Technology
Government Agency Repositories
- Health Research Board (HRB) - National Documentation Centre on Drug Use
- Health Service Executive Lenus
- Institute of Public Health Ireland - All Ireland Public Health Repository
- Marine Institute
Data Repositories listed in Re3data
- Digital Repository of Ireland
- Irish Social Science Data Archiverish Social Science Data Archive
- Integrated Relational Enzyme database
- National Biodiversity Data Centre - Biodiversity Maps
- UCD Digital Library
Open Access publishing
A complete list of Irish OA journals is not immediately available. The following list is a sample only and will be expanded following investigation:
Open Access organisations and groups
- Rian Steering Group
- IUA (Irish Universities Association) Librarian’s Group (Coordinating body)
- National Steering Group on Open Access Policy
Useful links and resources
Contributors Contact Details
Niamh Brennan, Trinity College Dublin
Phone: +353 1 896 1646