OA in Estonia
As of 30 March 2014, 26 educational institutions offer higher education in Estonia and can be divided as follows according to the type of ownership:
- 6 universities in public law
- 1 privately owned universities
- 8 public professional higher education institutions
- 8 private professional higher education institutions
- 2 public vocational educational institutions
Major research funders
The structure and basis of operation of Estonia’s research and development (R&D) system are established in the Research and Development Organisation Act (RDOA).
The Government of the Republic:
- prepares national R&D development plans;
- submits them to the Riigikogu (parliament):
- approves national R&D programmes;
- ensures the cooperation between the ministries and enacts legislation.
The Research and Development Council advises the Government of the Republic on matters related to R&D. The Ministry of Education and Research implements national research policy, organizes the financing and evaluation of the activities of R&D institutions and coordinates international research cooperation at the national level. The Ministry is also responsible for the planning, coordination, execution and monitoring of research policy related to the activities of universities and research institutes. The Minister of Education and Research is advised by the Research Policy Committee.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications is responsible for planning, coordinating and executing research and development activities and innovation policy related to business. Membership of the Estonian Academy of Sciences includes approximately 80 top Estonian scientists. Ten research associations and societies and six research institutions have also joined the Academy in order to achieve common goals.Estonian Research Council is the main research funding agency for Estonian research and is responsible for institutional and personal research funding in Estonia and providing support for participation in Horizon2020 and other EU programs.
Research libraries are designated by the Government of the Republic. The task of research libraries is to collect, store and process research information as well as to make it accessible for research purposes.
The Estonian Research Information System (ETIS) is a national register which incorporates information on R&D institutions, researchers, projects and research results. At the same time, ETIS is also used as a medium for the submission applications and reports as well as the revision and approval thereof.
The instruments of financing Estonian research and development activities: base financing, research grants, national science programmes, financing of centres of excellence and doctoral schools, covering the expenses of research and development infrastructure. International research and development cooperation programmes and partnerships of the European Union: Joint Technology Imitatives (JTI), Contractual public and private sector partnerships (cPPP), Joint programmes based on article 185, Joint Programming Initiatives (JPI), Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KIC), ERA-Net cooperation networks, European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (COSME).
Funding programmes 2014-2020. The European Union’s instruments for funding research and development activities are mainly covered by framework programmes. The eight framework programme from 2014 onwards isHorizon 2020. International cooperation is one of the principles of the creation of a common European Research Area in order to promote cross-border cooperation, the free movement of researchers as well as the free access to research data and published articles.
Open Access and Repositories
According to the "Implementation Plan 2016-2019 for achieving the objectives of the Estonian Research and Development and Innovation Strategy 2014-2020 “Knowledge-based Estonia”" priority no. 5 "Optimal circulation, accessibility and transfer of scientific knowledge", the goal is to promote open access to research publications and to encourage open access to public-financed research results and research data. Support measures: Development of necessary regulations and support infrastructures - the main instruments for financing research provide the requirement of open access to research publications (at least Green Open Access). Activities are supported in the framework of acquiring licences for research databases and supporting research libraries and collections.
In 2015, Estonian Research Council established an expert committee on open science who complied principles and recommendations for development of national open science policy. These recommendations were published in June 2016.
In 2015, University of Tartu joined DataCite and can now assign Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). In Spring 2015, four major universities in Estonia signed DataCite Estonia consortium agreement in order to make research data publicly available. University of Tartu Library also established an Open Data repository.
Open Access repositories
Digital repository of Tartu University Library is a repository for e-theses and e-publications, digitized theses and books, manuscripts and images etc.
Open Access journals
There are 15 open access journals listed in the DOAJ.
Open Access organisations and groups
Martin Hallik, Tartu University Library, EIFL-OA country coordinator: martin.hallik[@]ut.ee
Contact Details of the National Open Access Desk
Anneli Sepp, University of Tartu Library, anneli.sepp[@]ut.ee
Liisi Lembinen, University of Tartu Library, liisi.lembinen[@]ut.ee