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Connecting e-Infrastructures: archaeological excavation reports to OA publications

How is a human skull from a rescue excavation report at Rothwell Haigh Colliery in the summer of 1977 (Archaeological Services WYAS Report No. 2170) linked to "The examination of the bodies of 100 men executed in Nubia in Roman times", published in the British Medical Journal in spring of 1908
How is a Rural Settlement in England related to the “Inheritance, ecology and the evolution of the canoes of east Oceania”? 
1.Ariadne small
As part of its research efforts to make archeological data more discoverable, accessible, interconnected and complete, the ARIADNE e-Infra ecosystem recently developed linkages to OpenAIRE. Using a text mining citation extraction and matching algorithm developed by the text mining team of ATHENA Research Center, almost 300 relations now connect ARIADNE Grey Literature Reports provided by the Archaeological Data Service (ADS), UK to Open Access publications found in OpenAIRE, and specifically to EuropePMC.
 

"Given that grey literature (reports) is rarely well referenced in publications, making these connections is a positive result", said Prof. Julian D. Richards, director of the Achaelogy Data Service. To validate these relations and to identify their value, archaeologist Agiatis Benardou run a thorough examination and concluded that the vast majority of records are absolutely useful and relevant, while some could potentially be useful albeit not directly connected. The discovered links cover topics of the broader archaeological field, including anthropology, biology, palaeontology, ceramics, architecture, and also outside the UK, from Greece, Italy, all the way to Oceania.

ARIADNE (Advanced Research Infrastructure for Archaeological Dataset Networking in Europe) brings together and integrated existing archaeological research data infrastructures across Europe, so researchers are able to use the various distributed datasets and state-of-the-art technologies to explore new research methodologies. Addressing the fragmentation of archaeological data in Europe and promoting a culture of open sharing and (re-)use of data across institutional, national and disciplinary boundaries of archaeological research. More specifically, ARIADNE implemented an e-infrastructure for data interoperability, sharing and integrated access via a successful data portal.

After the success of this first pilot study, further ways of linking ARIADNE with OpenAIRE are currently being explored and they will soon appear in both data portals, allowing users to navigate from one to the other.

OpenAIRE is about Linked Open Science. 

From the OpenAIRE and ARIADNE research teams: Harry Dimitropoulos, Ioannis Foufoulas, Anastasios Giannakopoulos, and Natalia Manola from the Institute for the Management of Information Systems (IMIS), Research Center “Athena”, Greece.

Archaeological evaluation of results provided by: Agiatis Benardou, Digital Curation Unit (DCU), Institute for the Management of Information Systems (IMIS), Research Center “Athena”, Greece.