Defining Open Peer Review: Part One - Competing Definitions

ABSTRACT: At present there is neither a standardized definition of “open peer review” (OPR) nor an agreed schema of its features and implementations, which is highly problematic for discussion of its potential benefits and drawbacks. This new series of blog posts reports on work to resolve these difficulties by analysing the literature for available definitions of “open peer review” and “open review”. In all, 122 definitions have been collected and codified against a range of independent OPR tra...

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2016 Chinese Institutional Repository Conference and launch of the new repository group in China, CHAIR

The 4th annual Chinese Institutional Repository Conference took place in Chongqing, China on September 21-22, 2016, with the theme of “Rich functions and extended roles for institutional repositories”. The conference was jointly organized by National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and CIRG (Chinese institutional repository implementation group), and Chongqing University Library. It attracted over 330 registered participants, reflecting the growing interest in repositories in ...

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Dialogue, Digitization, Participation: Making Open Science a Reality in Sweden

Event on Open Science arranged by the Swedish non-profit membership organisation Science & Public (Vetenskap & Allmänhet, VA), October 12th, Stockholm, Sweden The theme for this conference was Open Science, what Open Science means in practice and how we will make Open Science a reality in Sweden. Background for the event was the Competitiveness Council conclusions on the transition towards an Open Science system, adopted by the EU Member States in May 2016. They imply that open science n...

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Open access publisher deals in The Netherlands

In 2015 The Dutch national website on open access has been completely refreshed with an updated look and more interactive content. Openaccess.nl provides information in both Dutch and English about key open access developments in the Netherlands, including connections with OpenAIRE. Recently a platform with publisher deals was created as part of the website. The dedicated page gives insight into the open access deals arranged between Dutch universities – acting as a consortium –and publishers of...

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Gathering the German-speaking Open Access community together - 10th Open Access Days held in Munich

The Open Access Days (Open-Access-Tage) is the foremost annual Open Access and Open Science conference in the German-speaking area. Its target audience includes OA-experts and advocates, researchers of all disciplines, librarians and representatives from publishing as well as research funders and supporters. This year they were held on October 10th-11th and were hosted by the university library of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Munich. The tenth installment of the Open Access Days with its fo...

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COAR counters reports of repositories' demise

Guest post by Kathleen Shearer, Executive Director, COAR“The reports of our death have been greatly exaggerated” (to paraphrase Mark Twain)Last week COAR published a response to an article written by Richard Poynder on September 22, 2016. Although some of Richard Poynder’s comments definitely reflect the current reality, he made a number of other somewhat questionable assertions, in particular that institutional repositories (IRs) have failed.Poynder's comments reflect a creeping narrative enter...

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Open for review: report on OpenAIRE's experiments with Open Peer Review

As part of its mission to further Open Science and investigate how openness and transparency can improve scientific processes, OpenAIRE has been conducting a range of activities investigating the new models of peer review to literature and beyond that fall under the term "Open Peer Review" (OPR). OPR is an umbrella term for a variety of ways in which the traditional peer review process can be by modifed to make it more inclusive, transparent and/or accountable. Its main aspects are: open identit...

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OpenCon 2016 Berlin: Advancing Openness in Research and Education

OpenAIRE, ScienceOpen and Digital-science (with their portfolio companies Figshare and Overleaf), have teamed up to organise an OpenCon ‘satellite’ event to be held in Berlin on the 24-26th November.This event will form one of the many international satellite events of the main OpenCon 2016 conference that will take place two weeks earlier in Washington, DC.OpenCon is the student and early career academic professional conference that focuses on Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data. It seek...

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Disambiguating post-publication peer review

NOTE: OpenAIRE would like to know what you think about open peer review! Have your say here until 7th October! Tl;dr - "Post-publication peer review" (PPPR) has gained a lot of traction in recent years. As with much of peer review’s confusing lexicon, however, this term is ambiguous. This ambiguity stems from confusion over what constitutes “publication” in the digital age. PPPR conflates two distinct phenomena, which we would do better to treat separately, namely “open pre-review manuscripts” a...

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F1000Research admits their "objective authorship criteria" "disadvantage young researchers"

F1000Research, an open access publisher operating an innovative model of post-publication peer review, was yesterday embroiled in controversy as it emerged that their criteria for accepting manuscripts for submission are based partly on the status of the author or their research institution, rather than simply upon the quality of the science itself.Chealsye Bowley, OA advocate and scholarly communications librarian, revealed on Twitter that she had had a paper rejected by F1000Research. Apparent...

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How RIO Collections help showcase research project outputs

A recent SPARC Innovator award winner, Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO) was built around the principles of open research in scholarly communications. Traditionally, a research project ends up with just a few articles published in scholarly journals after many years of work. But why communicate just research articles at the end of a cycle?Research articles are just a small component of the research cycle. What about all the other project outputs - research ideas, grant proposals, methodologies, ...

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Embargo periods: A personal view

A guest post by Dawn HibbertOpen Access Advocacy Librarian, University of StrathclydeEmbargo periods set by publishers continue to undermine, or at best, delay open access (access to scholarly research without having paid a subscription or cost to access).  Whist publishers have been quick to argue that without embargo periods libraries would no longer purchase subscriptions to their journals, and that it could potentially eat into profits due to the journals perceived “shelf life” this does not...

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Going Beyond Open: The Making of the Vienna Principles

Rich Savage, CC BY 2.0 A group of young researchers, science administrators and librarians of the Open Access Network Austria (OANA), released the first version of The Vienna Principles: A Vision for Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century. The group under the leadership of Peter Kraker discussed the relationship between Open Access and Scholarly Communication intensely and with great passion. After more than a year of research, serious debate and analysis of pro and cons across the subject ...

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Infrastructure is Invisible / Infrastructure is Law

As both Geoffrey Bilder and Martin Heidegger tell us, infrastructure is usually invisible and we only notice it when something goes wrong. This is profoundly problematic for scholarly communications, since infrastructure is also law – it shapes thoughts and actions. Luckily, moments of breakdown (like the SSRN sell-off) help illuminate problems with the system and call on us to change what is broken.[caption id="attachment_1000" align="alignleft" width="232"] CC BY-SA David Wright"Infrastructure...

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Openness as participation: Notes from the first international conference of the European Citizen Science Association

Whether it’s citizens gathering data of species population movements, collecting meteorological or atmospheric data, classifying and mapping out their surroundings, translating or annotating texts, analyzing or visualizing data, or bringing their own perspective to the formulation of research questions, openness in Citizen Science (CS) is about more than accessibility or transparency: it means the participation and collaboration of citizens in the scientific process for the benefit of researcher...

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Openness as participation: Notes from the first international conference of the European Citizen Science Association

Whether it’s citizens gathering data of species population movements, collecting meteorological or atmospheric data, classifying and mapping out their surroundings, translating or annotating texts, analyzing or visualizing data, or bringing their own perspective to the formulation of research questions, openness in Citizen Science (CS) is about more than accessibility or transparency: it means the participation and collaboration of citizens in the scientific process for the benefit of researcher...

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After SSRN: Hallmarks of trust for subject repositories

On Tuesday 17th May, the scholarly communications community on Twitter erupted at the news that publishing giant Elsevier had acquired the Social Science Research Network (SSRN), a pre-print and publishing community focusing on social sciences and law. The acquisition seems designed to continue Elsevier’s move away from a content-driven business strategy towards one oriented on services and the monetisation of data and analytics, building on their purchase of Mendeley. Elsevier’s press release s...

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Green Light for Open Access: Aligning Europe’s OA policies PASTEUR4OA Final Conference

Open Access was in the spotlight during the PASTEUR4OA (Open Access Policy Alignment Strategies for European Union Research) Final Conference “Green Light for Open Access”. The Conference was an event officially associated with the Dutch EU Presidency and attracted some 150 experts from research funding and research performing organisations, publishers, and national policy makers across Europe. It also attracted significant attention on Twitter (#greenlight4oa) with more than 1500 tweets. PASTEU...

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Results Held Hostage: Hardware Design Software Licenses Holding Back Open Science

Prof. Francesco Mondada, Mobile robots architecture & design, Laboratoire de Systèmes Robotiques (LSRO), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL),  [caption id="attachment_896" align="alignright" width="178"] CC BY-SA 3.0 - Alain HerzogIn this extended guest post, Prof. Francesco Mondada describes a dilemma facing many researchers who use proprietary CAD software in their work but want to make their research results open: although education institutions, inclu...

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Poland: Initial open access policy

In October 2015, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) in Poland issued a document that reflects the Polish response to the European Commission's recommendation of July 17, 2012, on access to and preservation of scientific information. The published document, entitled „Directions of the development of open access to research publications and research results in Poland”, has been prepared by an expert group that had been working under the auspices of the Mi...

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