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CRISs as data providers to OpenAIRE: an update
Once the OpenAIRE-funded METIS2OpenAIRE project led by euroCRIS finished as of mid-May, the basis has been laid for the addition of CRIS systems as data providers into the OpenAIRE aggregation. METIS2OpenAIRE set out to enable the exposure of the METIS CERIF-compliant CRIS metadata feed via an OAI-PMH endpoint so that it could be tested against the CERIF-XML Guidelines for CRIS Managers. The project developed a minimally sufficient validator for this purpose. A sample for the 300,000-record metadata feed from METIS has already passed the checks and is now ready for the next stage, which should be the ingestion into OpenAIRE. METIS2OpenAIRE has also involved two external, budget-neutral project partners in order to widen the range of CRIS platforms that will eventually become OpenAIRE data providers: these are Pure and Omega-PSIR.
The project results have recently been presented and discussed at the June 14-16 CRIS2018 conference held by euroCRIS in Umeå, Sweden. A session devoted to system interoperability included presentations by METIS2OpenAIRE, Pure and Omega-PSIR. DSpace-CRIS and 4Science also took active part in the discussions, as recipients of a parallel OpenAIRE-funded project that includes OpenAIRE compatibility for DSpace-CRIS among its objectives. In close collaboration with the OpenAIRE technical lead, the next stages for this joint initiative involve the fine-tuning of the metadata structure for the euroCRIS Directory of Research Information Systems (DRIS) so that it includes the URL for the OAI-PMH endpoint and the ingestion of a first CERIF entity from METIS (Publications) into the OpenAIRE aggregation.
The logic from the minimally sufficient validator is also to be integrated into the OpenAIRE infrastructure to test compatibility with the Guidelines, where it will eventually sit alongside the repository validator. While its first release will still not be available for direct testing by any operational CRIS platform as it is the case for repositories, this remains a mid-term goal for the initiative. The METIS institutional CRIS at Radboud University in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, will thus be the first instance of a CRIS acting as data provider for OpenAIRE via the updated CERIF-XML Guidelines for CRIS Managers v1.1, initially just through its records for publications. A number of other platforms will follow suit, among them NARCIS, DSpace-CRIS, Omega-PSIR and Pure.
The OpenAIRE CRIS Guidelines offer the potential for OpenAIRE to aggregate richer, contextualized research information in addition to descriptive metadata about publications and datasets. Funder or national CRISs can provide authoritative information about the funding they provide (the funding programmes, the calls) and about the funded projects. Institutions can provide the links between outputs and funded projects, plus information about their organisational structure, about the conferences and other events they organized and about the equipment that is used in their projects and for production of their datasets. The following diagram depicts the types of information different CRISs will have, as well as which type of CRIS is authoritative.
Authors post: Pablo de Castro, Jan Dvořák, Jochen Schirrwagen