Open Access was in the spotlight during the PASTEUR4OA (Open Access Policy Alignment Strategies for European Union Research) Final Conference “Green Light for Open Access”. The Conference was an event officially associated with the Dutch EU Presidency and attracted some 150 experts from research funding and research performing organisations, publishers, and national policy makers across Europe. It also attracted significant attention on Twitter (#greenlight4oa) with more than 1500 tweets.
PASTEUR4OA supports the development and reinforcement of Open Access (OA) policies, aligned with the European Commission’s 2012 Recommendation on “Access to and preservation of scientific information” and the Horizon 2020 policy on OA to publications and research data. The Final Conference provided the perfect venue for discussing the latest developments in the OA landscape, the project’s achievements and contribution in promoting aligned OA policies in Europe, as well as the upcoming developments in the OA sphere.The adoption of OA policies was regarded as an essential component in the cultural process towards Open Science that is taking place. Presentations showed the diversity of approaches chosen by European countries and the importance of setting specific goals. In such a context, the adoption of an inclusive approach engaging all stakeholders, the need for aligned and concerted action and the agreement on common goals were highlighted as important elements during the process. While the adoption of policies is essential, numerous participants noted that the implementation aspect is of equal importance. The successful implementation requires the establishment of workflows, appropriate resources, the existence of motives for stakeholders involved, as well as appropriate guidance and training. Issues around monitoring and the research assessment process were also discussed extensively. Finally, infrastructures were highlighted as a component that allows the policies to take effect, while being closely related to sustainability.