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SCHOLIX: A Global Framework for Linking Publications and Datasets

SCHOLIXThe Research Data Alliance (RDA) and the International Council for Science World Data System (ICSU-WDS) today announced a new global framework for linking publications and datasets. The Scholix framework (Scholarly Link Exchange) represents a set of aspirational principles and practical guidelines to support a global information ecosystem around links between scholarly literature and research data. The framework aims for a seamless exchange of information about literature and related data, thereby facilitating re-use, reproducibility, and transparent evaluation of science. The Scholix framework consists of a conceptual and information model, with standards, guidelines and options for encoding and exchange protocols. OpenAIRE has worked closely with a range of other organisations in its creation.
OpenAIRE is committed to operating a technological service infrastructure whose core mission is to populate a high-quality scholarly communication graph and offer a number of functionalities for end-users and third-party services to consume, analyse and benefit from its content. As a consequence of the broadness of its mission and the diversity of its stakeholders , OpenAIRE also plays an important role in driving the scholarly communication community towards the adoption of common services, standards, and best practices. To this aim, the OpenAIRE technical team is pro-actively involved in several international initiatives aiming at gathering stakeholders around the same table to identify requirements and co-design solutions to facilitate interoperability and enable flexible exchange of information.
One of these initiatives is the Scholix framework, a high level interoperability framework for exchanging information about the links between scholarly literature and data, as well as between data sets. Over the past decade, publishers, data centers, and bibliometric services have agreed on and implemented bilateral agreements to establish bidirectional links between research data and the scholarly literature. However, because of the considerable differences inherent to these many agreements, there is very limited interoperability between the various solutions - which is fueling systemic inefficiencies and limiting the value of these, separated, sets of links. Scholix, a framework proposed by the ICSU-WDS / RDA Data Publication Services WG, envisions a universal interlinking service and proposes the technical guidelines of a multi-hub interoperability framework. Hubs are (existing) services that collect and aggregate information about links from their respective communities. Relevant hubs for the communities of data centers, repositories, and journals include DataCite, OpenAIRE, and Crossref, respectively. The framework respects existing community-specific practices while enabling interoperability among the hubs by specifying a common information model and open exchange protocols.
Contributors: Amir Aryani, Adrian Burton, Sandro La Bruzzo, Michael Diepenbroek, Martin Fenner, Hylke Koers, Paolo Manghi, Uwe Shindler, Markus Stocker.
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