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Published
Jan 23, 2024
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IntelComp National InfoDay Part 1

Jan 23, 2024

About IntelComp

In the framework of the European project IntelComp, funded by the European Union, the information workshop on "The national strategy in energy and agri-food in the context of climate change: challenges and the role of research - innovation - technology" was held at the premises of the National Library of Greece. This event was organised by the Athena Research Centre, the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation), and supported by OpenAIRE and the National Library of Greece.

The event included 3 sessions with discussions open to the public and 2 parallel workshops to familiarise with web-based platforms to support monitoring and policy development for climate change, in the framework of the IntelComp project.

General information

Speakers acknowledged the importance of the pressing issue of climate change, as well as the opportunities offered by open data from funding agencies and the scientific community along with emerging technologies that have now opened the horizon for new innovations. As a co-designer and data provider for IntelComp, the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (HFRI), contributes and at the same time enjoys as an end-user the new tools and the possibilities that the IntelComp platform offers, for comparing research funding results, monitoring and the impact of funding on society, research, innovation, and industry. 

A major partner of the project in Greece, which led with its expertise on the topic of climate change and how the big data available could help policymakers comprehend the outcomes of policies on the energy and agri-food sectors for Greece, is Athena Research Center. Ms. Kountouri - Professor, Athens University of Economics and Business, Head of Sustainable Development Unit at Athena Research Centre, described the processes for the transition to sustainable development, its objectives, and how we evaluate them through international synergies and national collaborations. The critical question of IntelComp was to quantify this transition to sustainability, measure the current situation and the goal of achieving sustainable development. In these sustainable development pathways (along a timespan), the technologies, policies and financial instruments that will support the transition play an important role.

Energy

On behalf of the Greek government, Mr. Aivaliotis - Secretary General of Energy and Mineral Resources, referred to the challenges and objectives of Greece, as well as the monitoring of international developments and their adaptation to the Greek reality. The solution and goal is the green transition for the country's energy autonomy and the decoupling of energy prices from geopolitical crises. Also the aim is to reduce energy costs for households and businesses. Greece's policies are based on European policies, which make up the National Energy and Climate Plan. In it, the country is allocated €25 billion per year until 2030 to achieve the green transition targets in the electricity, transport and buildings sectors. He also mentioned the future development and use of renewable energy sources and new measures and approaches under investigation.

Continuing with energy, Mr. Nikolopoulos - Avokado, stressed the need for energy data, machine learning and artificial intelligence in the complex energy market, and the five new dimensions of a consumer as an energy producer - as an energy consumer, as an energy producer, as an energy storer, as an energy user for commute (electric car), as an energy sender/seller via blockchain to others/another market. He also highlighted the emergence of the new "Platform Economy" in the energy sector as well, and how again AI can help. Two examples were also mentioned on the effort and research being done in Trikala and Kalamata cities in Greece, for zero pollution.

The next speaker, Mrs. Papadopoulou, the president of the Natural Environment and Climate Change Agency in Greece, described the role of N.E.C.C.A.  in sustainable development and climate change, which assists on a scientific and technical level the Ministry of Environment and Energy and the relevant ministries. An example noted is that there are 446 protected areas in Greece (terrestrial (27%) and marine (19%)), which should not be excluded in terms of energy production. Based on the new climate law (2022), Greece is towards the creation of a single information system for recording/monitoring data, the preparation of a consultation report, the implementation of a public accessible database, the preparation of a report on the analysis of the National Observatory data (accessible to all analysts, researchers) and the preparation of an annual report on mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Finally, a climate projections visualisation system runs for climate change adaptation, a tool to improve the processes to make decisions on this adaptation in all actors.

The social dimension towards a just green transition was presented by Ms Avrami - Scientific Associate EKKE & ELIAMEP, Environmental Governance. More specifically, she developed a series of arguments on "how and to what extent the transition to climate neutrality can be achieved with the minimum possible cost for the Greek society and economy". Ms Avrami referred to the reduction of energy consumption and the more than doubling of environmental tax revenues (2008-2018) without aiming to change the behaviour of energy consumers. This is why the emergence of energy poverty was observed during the period of the economic crisis. In Greece, the percentage of the population declaring financial inability to pay for heating/cooling, from 25.7% (2017), decreased to 16.7% (2020) and reached 40% (2022). Another nationwide survey (2020), which showed the implementation of policies and how citizens perceive climate change, showed that citizens associate climate change with its catastrophic impacts, but not with its socio-economic impacts (e.g. agricultural sector, energy poverty) and with policy tools implemented in Greece (e.g. energy upgrading of buildings, renewable energy, ban on single-use plastics, etc.). So there is a lack of information and therefore a lack of understanding at other levels as well. Also, regarding the importance of climate change along with other topics, Greeks seem to classify it as a low-risk situation - with economic and health issues being the primary problems, environmental destruction and climate change being the third. In conclusion, citizens are wary of adopting measures and policies that would bring about radical changes for climate change and negative about additional taxation and costs. The findings showed that climate change policies and strategy should include social parameters to be fair and targeted.This was followed by a constructive dialogue with all the speakers on the subject of energy, moderated by Mr. Georgakopoulos (KATHIMERINI, diaNEOsis).

The video recording of the event is available here:

 

IntelComp tools

Below, follows a brief presentation of how IntelComp STI-Viewer helps policy makers to comprehend outcomes of national policies, view outcomes on the energy sector, and further analyse and compare information per subsector.

Browse the data for Greece in the Energy Sector we note that we have a total of 1064 publications, with 22,000 citations.

Moving down one level, we can see the categorisation of research data by field of research in the Energy sector up to 2021, and the prevailing trends. Why do we see increasing trends in some fields and decreasing trends in others? Is it related to any policy?

389 policy regulations were found on the subject of Energy, and the interesting thing is their categorization into subcategories: regulations, decisions, sub-executive decisions, etc.

Further analysis showed that these regulations have diversity in sub-sectors such as electricity, energy economy, energy consumption, energy grid, etc.

In conclusion, where do the policies in Greece on energy come from? Who are their authors?