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Three institutional repositories were established in Latvia - E-resource repository of the University of Latvia, Riga Technical University E-resource Repository and Riga Stradins University E-resource Repository. The University of Latvia also manages the SciRePrints (Science and Religion Dialogue Prints) repository and since 2013 SciRePrints has been integrated in to the - E-resource repository of the University of Latvia.

E-resource repository of the University of Latvia is included in European and world’s repository networks and webpages (DRIVER, OpenDOAR, ROAR, Dart-Europe, OpenAIRE a.o).

The Riga Technical University repository is not fully open access, part of the content is accessible only by the university staff with passwords given by the university.

In 2016 the National Library of Latvia set up a new version of their repository Academia.

In 2019 the Riga Stradins University has set up the Riga Stradins University E-resource Repository .

There is widespread awareness of Open Access in the Netherlands. Since 2005 all Dutch universities, the Netherlands Association of Universities of Applied Sciences, the KNAW, NWO, the Royal Library and SURF have signed the Berlin Declaration. In 2005, the Netherlands became the first country where all universities had their own repository with open access publications.

DANS, an institute of KNAW and NWO, provides access to all content of Dutch university repositories, KNAW, NWO, and a number of research institutes; through the national portal NARCIS. NARCIS provides access to (open access) publications, datasets of a number of data archives; and to descriptions of research projects, institutes and researchers. NARCIS has been developed by DANS, in close cooperation with the universities and other scholarly institutions. NARCIS is the Dutch source for scholarly output in OpenAIRE.

The Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences also encourage open access publishing. The HBO Kennisbank gives access to open access publications, including Bachelor’s and Master’s theses. The publications of the UAS professors and other researchers can also be found in NARCIS.

The national Open Access website,, provides information on open access publishing for various stakeholders.

OAR@UM is the UM's institutional repository (IR) and is managed by the UM Library. It is an online archive that collects, preserves and disseminates the intellectual output of the UM. Subsequently, it is a vital tool for scholarly communication, preservation of knowledge and an important resource to enhance the visibility of the research carried out at the UM.

As of February 2020, 44,412 items have been uploaded in OAR@UM. These include over 17,823 peer-reviewed research articles, 2,184 audio-visual recordings, 2143 book chapters, 676 monographs, 2,226 conference proceedings, 1717 ephemera and 7,029 others (images, reports and editorials). Moreover, 10,614 electronic thesis and dissertations are also available in restricted access. Current statistics can be found on OAR@UM Update which is statistical report published on monthly basis. Furthermore, OAR@UM servers as a platform for 74 full-text journals which are available in Open Access.

To further enhance transparency and visibility of the research being uploaded in OAR@UM the Library registered the institutional repository with various OAI Service Providers. These include CORE and BASE.
Czech university libraries and other research-performing organisations have started to build the technological infrastructure with an installation of repositories and have participated in some Czech universities activities conducted in this area in the past. These activities have been supported mainly by the Association of Libraries of Czech Universities.

Several repositories from the list above are compatible with the OpenAIRE Guidelines and harvested by the OpenAIRE portal.

National Library of Norway. The National Library of Norway is digitizing its entire collection. Digital content no longer covered by copyright shall be made available to everyone in the digital library. The entire digital collection shall be available for research and documentation on the National Library of Norway’s premises. The Library shall otherwise enter into agreements with beneficial owners regarding the right to grant online access to researchers, students and the Library’s users in general.

NORA – Norwegian open research archives harvests all Norwegian institutional repositories.

RIAN is Ireland’s national portal for Open Access portals. RIAN began in 210 by harvesting the contents of the Institutional Repositories of Ireland's university libraries. As RIAN developed further, other Irish research repositories were added, and more continue to be added, with the aim of making RIAN the portal to Irish research.

Open Access repositories

Open Access repositories are currently available in all Irish universities and in a number of other higher education institutions:

Institutional repositories
The national and centralized repository HAL gathers around 20 % of the French publications. Some institutions have made the choice though to develop their own repositories.There are currently 121 open archives running in the French academic environment (listed in OpenDOAR).

One central national aggregator collects publication data from Danish universities primarily: Danish National Research Database. The database itself was terminated in 2020, but the link provides links to information about the single institutions' output.

The Ministry of Higher Education and Science maintaines an Open Access Indicator that monitors the Open Access progress in Denmark. It can be found here: Danish Open Access Indicator.

Updated in August 2022.

Slovenian repositories for research results enable deposit, storage and public access.

The following literature repositories are compatible with the latest version of OpenAIRE Guidelinesand included into the OpenAIRE portal:

IZUM is the Regional Centre for Library Information Systems and Current Research Information Systems under the auspices of UNESCO and maintains the national SICRIS (which is connected with the repositories listed above) and the Vega supercomputer (which also enables storage and computing of big research data).

The Estonian Research Information System (ETIS) is the Estonian research information database, including the central database of research publications; however, ETIS is not considered a repository and it has no long term preservation options. Higher education institutions have developed their own publications repositories.

OpenDOAR lists 7 repositories in Estonia:

  1. Digital archive, Arhiivikeskus
  2. DataDOI, University of Tartu
  3. DIGAR, Estonian National Library
  4. University of Tartu digital archive DSpace, University of Tartu (Library)
  5. EMU DSpace, Estonian University of Life Sciences (Library)
  6. Repository ETERA, Academic Library of Tallinn University 
  7. Digital Collection of Tallinn University of Technology Library
  • University of Luxembourg: The University of Luxembourg’s repository, ORBilu, was launched on 22 April 2013. Following the example set by the University of Liège, the University of Luxembourg adopted an institutional ID/OA mandate (immediate deposit – optional access). As of November 2017, the repository contains over 28 900 references with over half of them containing a full-text document. [OpenDOAR record]
  • LBMCC (Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire du Cancer) have a repository fort heir researchers. [OpenDOAR record]

Scientific output can currently (as of March 2020) be deposited in 41 Austrian multidisciplinary and discipline-specific repositories, which are listed in OpenDOAR.


CORE is jointly run service between Jisc and the Open University. It is an aggregation of open access content from the UK and worldwide repositories and open access journals. It provides a range of services at a single point of interaction: aggregation, search, discovery, analytics, and an API for text mining access. It offers services to librarians, research managers to provide business intelligence functions to support quality management and also management and compliance reporting.

The service aggregates all open access content distributed across different repository systems worldwide, enriches this content and provides access through a range of services. For the most up to date usage statistics, please visit



Alexandria University of St. Gallen OA-Info
Archive ouverte UNIGE University of Geneva OA-Info
BORIS University of Bern OA-Info
LORY Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, University of Lucerne,
University of Teacher Education Lucerne, ZHB Lucerne
edoc University of Basel OA-Info
Research Collection ETH Zurich OA-Info
Infoscience EPFL Lausanne OA-Info
MSF Field Research Médecins sans Frontières OA-Info
RERO DOC Reseau Romand OA-Info
Serval University of Lausanne OA-Info
ZORA University of Zurich OA-Info


Find a complete list on DOAR, here.


National Roadmap for research infrastructure 2017-2023:

BPOS serves as a national repository aggregator– it performs selective harvesting of metadata from Bulgarian institutional repositories with open access that support the OAI-PMH. All 8 institutional repositories are integrated with BPOS and the portal serves as a single entry point to the research data from all repositories.

Open Access repositories

1) Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository - is a centralized cross-institutional repository and provides OpenAIRE compliance and free access to all peer-reviewed publications resulting from ERC funded FP7 projects in Bulgaria.2) New Bulgarian UniversityNBU Scholar Electronic Repository - is the first digital repository of scientific literature in Bulgaria. Faculty members can deposit their papers. Currently there are 565 publications with free online access. The New Bulgarian University encourages faculty members to deposit their research outputs into the repository. 3) Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Repository at IMI-BAS - is based on DSpace software with an active and configured OAI-PMH interface for metadata harvesting. There are more than 2100 publications from journals, conference books and reports. 4) University of Sofia "St. Kliment Ohridski" Research at Sofia University - There are initiatives at Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski" to support the development of Open Access. There is a digital repository for the main research outputs of the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics. Other faculties are expected to join soon. 5) Medical University of Sofia (MUS)The Central Medical Library - was established in 1918. Today, it is an independent institution within the structure of the Medical University of Sofia (MUS) and has its 90-year experience in providing information resources and services for education, research, and professional practice. New open access repository started at address Repository is in process of building, for content is planned to include summaries of PhD theses, dissertations, electronic books, lectures, journal articles and CML-journal publications. 6) Burgas Free University (BFU)Academic Research Repository at the Burgas Free University - The research portal of BFU contains a collection of articles published in the Year-Books of BFU, articles from magazine “Biznes Posoki” and magazine “Contemporary Humanitaristics”, papers from international conferences of BFU, as well as articles, studies, papers and monographs of lecturers from BFU, published in other scientific editions. This site provides access to the research output of the institution. The interface is available in Bulgarian and English. Users may set up RSS feeds to be alerted to new content.

Bulgarian Portal for Open Science and the National repository

The Bulgarian Portal for Open Science, maintained by NACID, provides quick and easy access to scientific information and publicly funded research outputs, including resources from institutional open access repositories in Bulgaria.The system performs selective harvesting of metadata from Bulgarian institutional repositories with open access that support The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.

Since June 2020 there is a National repository for open access to scientific information. It is a cross-disciplinary repository administrated by National centre for information and documentation ( ) for scientific publications that are result from publicly funded research.

It is developed in compliance with the OpenAIRE Guidelines for Literature Repository Managers v.4.

Resources that are published in the repository are described by rich metadata and have a persistent identifier. The repository assigns a Handle.Net identifier to every resource that has not been previously assigned an identifier;

The portal and the repository form a system that provides researchers and the public at large with access to scientific publications and other research outputs free of charge in an open and non-discriminatory manner. The system enables the dissemination and enables the use and re-use of scientific research results, thus minimizing efforts and maximizing the benefits of the research.

BPOS and the repository are constantly improving, expanding and striving to transform the way research is conducted. Series of events, workshops and trainings is being carried out with the participation of researchers from Bulgarian RPOs. NACID and MES are working together to engage stakeholders as much as possible in the initiative for open access to scientific information.

Institutional repositories

In Bulgaria there are 8 institutional repositories, that are all integrated with BPOS:

- Repository at IMI-BAS -

- Research at Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”-

- Electronic Repository of Central Medical Library – Medical university Sofia

- Medical Academic Repository of MU-Varna -

- New Bulgarian University NBU Scholar Electronic Repository -

- Academic Research Repository at the Burgas Free University


Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository

A centralized cross-institutional repository and provides OpenAIRE compliance and free access to all peer-reviewed publications resulting from ERC funded FP7 projects in Bulgaria.

E-Infrastructure for Bulgarian Language and Cultural Heritage CLaDA-BG (CLARIN and DARIAH)

CLaDA-BG is a Bulgarian virtual distributed research infrastructure, achieved connected related centers that use the services and resources of the infrastructure and provides a link with other centers and consumers as well. It provides access to resources and services electronically.

Coordinator: Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IICT-BAS), Sofia, Bulgaria

Financial coordinator: The Ministry of Education and Science

National Centre for High-performance and Distributed Computing

Coordinator: Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IICTBAS)

Financial coordinator: Ministry of Education and Science

Participation in European infrastructure: European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) and participation in PRACE through cooperation with NCHDC .

Science and Technology Park “Sofia Tech Park”

The Research infrastructure Laboratory complex, consists of 11 laboratory units and 7 of them are related with e-Infrastructures.

Coordinator: Association for Research and Development

Financial coordinator: Ministry of Economy, Bulgarian Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion Agency, Sofia Tech Park

Scientific coordinator: Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Technical University – Sofia,Medical University – Sofia

Open Access publishing

There are 61 Bulgarian Open Access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ):

Open Access Organizations and Groups

Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI-BAS): Peter L. Stanchev, Ph.D., D.Sc., Professor at Software Engineering and Information Systems, e-mail: pstanche [@] and Assist. Prof. Georgi Simeonov at Software Engineering and Information Systems (IMI-BAS) e-mail gsimeonov [@] Bulgarian Information Consortium (BIC) / Български информационен консорциум with 38 members - 26 universities, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 agency, 3 National and Centrl libraries, 4 Public libraries, and 3 NGO - Radostina Todorova, New Bulgarian University Library, eIFL-OA country coordinator, rtodorova[@]