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  • 148 documents, page 1 of 15

    RESHAPING THE CONVENTIONAL WELFARE ECONOMICS FRAMEWORK FOR ESTIMATING THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

    Demont, Matty; Tollens, Eric (2001)
    Some of the crucial assumptions of applied welfare economics do not hold any longer in the case of agricultural biotechnology innovations. We review some modifications to the conventional methodologies measuring the size and distribution of agricultural research benefits, which are critical for the assessment of the economic impact of agricultural biotechnology in the European Union. While some modifications are related to the specific features of modern agricultural biotechnology and technol...

    MEASURING SYSTEMATIC RISK OF UNQUOTED AGRICULTURAL FARMS

    Toth, Marian; Lancaric, Drahoslav; Piterkova, Andrea; Savov, Radovan; Rabek, Tomas (2014)
    In this paper we estimate systematic risk of the Slovak unquoted agricultural farms – agricultural cooperatives and companies, in the period of 2009-2012. An alternative Markowitz portfolio theory approach was applied. As a measure of the systematic risk, we used return on equity (ROE). Based on the dataset of 996 farms over years 2009-2012, the Slovak farm average ROE reached 0.048% and systematic risk 3%. The Slovak agricultural farms displayed low profitability. The average ROE was highe...

    The determinants of resource-providing contracts: Case-study of the Polish dairy sector

    Dries, L.K.E. (2015)
    Growth in the agri-food sector in developing and transition countries is typically impeded by major imperfections in both input and output markets. Providing resources to farmers as part of an interlinked market contract is one way of overcoming these market imperfections. This paper identifies the factors that determine access to these types of contracts for smallholders. The econometric analysis uses data from a unique survey of Polish dairy farm households during transition. The main c...

    DETERMINANTS OF AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN SYRIA

    Adel Shakeeb MOHSEN; Soo Y. CHUA; Che Normee CHE SAB (2016)
    This study investigates the determinants of agricultural output in Syria, 1980-2010. The Johansen cointegration test results indicate that agricultural outputs are positively related to the capital, food exports, expenditure and arable land, and negatively related to the oil price. Arable land has the biggest effect on agricultural outputs. The Granger causality test indicates bidirectional short-run causality relationships between capital, food exports, expenditure, arable land and agricultu...

    Cointegration and causality in international agricultural economics research

    Zapata, Hector O.; Gil, Jose M. (1999)
    A review of literature on applications of Granger causality to problems in international agricultural economics research is summarized. The review relates to cointegration theory, and it identifies the areas where recent econometric developments may be of value. Testing procedures are outlined, and a discussion is provided on questions such as non-stationarity and asymptotic distribution of non-causality tests, the relationship between cointegration and causation, the relative merits of vario...

    AGRICULTURAL SECTOR TRANSFORMATION IN SELECTED COUNTRIES OF SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE

    Kushtrim Braha; Artan Qineti; Ján Pokrivčák; Sadudin Ibraimi (2014)
    Governing the process of economic transformation is one of the most prominent issues arising since the fall of the Iron Curtain. After the successful transition model of the Central and Eastern European countries and their EU accession, the main anchors of the EU enlargement are directed into the South Eastern part of the continent. Most obviously, the EU enlargement is entering into the new phase of its expansion. In this paper we evaluate the state of transformation in the agricultural sect...

    Vplyv verejných financií na finančné hospodárenie podnikov poľnohospodárskej prvovýroby

    BOJŇANSKÝ; Jozef - TÓTH; Marián - SERENČÉŠ; Peter (2012)
    The primary goal of the article is to evaluate the influence of direct taxes and social security system on agricultural enterprises. We focus on the impact of the direct taxes - land tax, building tax, road tax and income tax. The analysis also deals with contribution to the insurance funds related to employees. This contribution can be considered as taxation as well. The analyzed individual data for agricultural enterprises cover the period from 2004 to 2009 and represent 80% of agricultural...

    Dynamic and Long-term Linkages among Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Growth, Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries

    Imai, Katsushi; Cheng, Wenya; Gaiha , Raghav (2017)
    Drawing upon cross-country panel data for developing countries, the present study examines the role of agricultural growth in reducing inequality and poverty by modelling the dynamic linkage between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. For this purpose, we have compared the role of agricultural growth and that of non-agricultural growth and have found that agricultural growth is more important in reducing poverty, while the negative effect of agricultural growth on inequality is found i...

    EFFECTS OF INTEREST RATE DEREGULATION ON AGRICULTURAL FINANCE AND GROWTH IN NIGERIA

    Louis O. ONYISHI; Chukwuemeka J. ARENE; Chikaosolu M. IFIORAH (2015)
    The study examined the effects of interest rate deregulation on agricultural finance and growth in Nigeria. The study specifically ascertained the factors that determine the aggregate credit volume to agriculture within the periods of regulation and deregulation in the Nigerian economy, determined the effects of government finance interventions on agricultural sector performance in the Nigerian economy, determined the periodic effects of macroeconomic financial indicators on Agriculture’s gro...