The National Research Environment
Turkey is about to be one of the biggest higher education landscape with the 169 universities in Europe. The 105 of these universities are financed publicly, and the 64 left are the private universities who are also performing the higher education activities in the national and international level. The Council of Higher Education [http://www.yok.gov.tr/en] has been administrating the activities of the universities in Turkey.
Major research funders
The Major Research Funder in Turkey is “Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey-TÜBİTAK) [http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/en/ot/10]. The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey is the leading agency for management, funding and conduct of research in Turkey. It was established in 1963 with a mission to advance science and technology, conduct research and support Turkish researchers. The Council is an autonomous institution and is governed by a Scientific Board whose members are selected from prominent scholars from universities, industry and research institutions. TÜBİTAK is responsible for promoting, developing, organizing, conducting and coordinating research and development in line with national targets and priorities. Anadolu Üniversite Kütüphaneleri Konsorsiyumu Derneği (Anatolian University Libraries Consortium Association-ANKOS) [http://ankos.gen.tr] is also supporting the Open Access Initiatives and Studies via the ANKOS Open Access and Institutional Repositories Study Group.
Open Access and Repositories
Starting from 2006 the Open Access term is started to be known at the Turkish academic community and the libraries and Information Centers has performed some activities. With the aim of creating awareness on open access, these initiatives have led to the setting up of institutional archives, especially in universities. These archives were analyzed by consulting the Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) and the Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). There is not a specific mandate policy in Turkey on open Access; but the institutions have been working on to create their repositories and make the authors and researchers share their studies in these repositories.
Open Access Repositories
Even the Open Access studies have been still developing in Turkey these are some repositories which were registered to OpenDOAR and ROAR, too. There are 11 repositories which are registered to the OpenDOAR, and 33 repositories which are registered to ROAR. The sole and biggest Open Access Repository System which is working as an umbrella organization is the MITOS Interuniversities Open Access System. These are 17 institutions registered to MITOS System with almost 32000 records. According to the compliance issues, the situation of the system will be evaluated.
Open Access Publishing
According to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) there are 197 Turkish OA journals. Some of these journals are hosted by OA journal platforms, but most are run individually by research institutions and learned societies.
Open Access projects and initiatives
The main Open Access Project is MITOS Interuniversities Open Access System [http://www.mitosweb.com] in Turkey:
- MITOS: This system is able to work integrated with international standards such as OAI, OAISTER and DOI, the materials were being recorded by Dublin Core (15 elements), and its modules allowed easy updating and changes. This automation system has been constructed at a main centre with one or two servers and the materials posted by the universities will be backed up periodically. There are 17 institutions which are subscribed to the system with 32000 records.
Useful links and resources
- ANKOS Open Access and Institutional Repositories Study Group Web Page: http://acikerisim.ankos.gen.tr
- Turkish National Scientific Research Council National Database Research Page: http://uvt.ulakbim.gov.tr/uvt
- Council of Higher Education National Thesis Center: http://tez2.yok.gov.tr
Contributors Contact Details
Mr. Gultekin GURDAL
Library Director of Izmir Institute of Technology