OpenAIRE e-infrastructure, in 24/7 operation since 2010, ensures availability of Europe’s research publications, data and other outputs in an open way by interconnecting scientific results (publications, data, software), linking them to entities that produced them (people, organizations, funders, facilities) and making them available for everyone to read, reuse and reproduce.
OpenAIRE has grown through a series of project phases funded by the European Commission: from the DRIVER projects to link Europe’s repository infrastructure, to the first OpenAIRE project aimed to assist the EC in implementing its initial pilot for Open Access (OA) to publications, and, through several further phases which have extended and consolidated the OpenAIRE mission to implement Open Science policies.
DRIVER I (2006-2007) & II (2007-2009)
DRIVER was a multinational initiative, co-financed by the European Commission. Its goal was twofold; to explore the development of a distributed infrastructure that would enable enhanced interoperability of data and, to establish a cohesive, pan-European infrastructure of Digital Repositories, offering sophisticated functionality services to both Researchers and the public.
DRIVER created a network of digital repositories containing research and other scholarly publications from twelve, either partner institutions or national clusters across ten European countries, including many core members of the continuing OpenAIRE consortium.
It enabled a production-quality digital repository infrastructure and led to the establishment of COAR (the Confederation of Open Access Repositories).
OpenAIRE (2009-2012), (2012-2014), (2015-2018), (2018-2020)
OpenAIRE has undergone four major phases via distinct EC funded Projects.
The firstphase, the so-called “OPENAIRE Project” started in 1st December 2009 with a duration of 36 months. The Project aim was to support the implementation of Open Access in Europe. It provided the means to promote and realize the widespread adoption of the Open Access Policy, as set out by the ERC Scientific Council Guidelines for Open Access and the Open Access pilot launched by the European Commission in FP7.
During the second phase, the “OPENAIREPLUS Project” which started in 1st December 2011 and lasted 30 months., OpenAIRE extended the mission further to facilitate access to the entire Open Access scientific production of the European Research Area, providing cross-links from publications to data and funding schemes. This large-scale project brought together 41 pan-European partners, including three cross-disciplinary research communities. Find detalied results from project executive report.
The third phase continued via the “OPENAIRE2020 Project” which started in 1st January 2015 and lasted for 42 months. OpenAIRE2020 supported the H2020 full OA to publications implement and monitor these activities by promoting open scholarship and substantially improving the discoverability and reusability of research publications and data. The initiative brought together professionals from 50 institutions all over Europe, including research libraries, open scholarship organisations, national e-Infrastructure and data experts, as well as, IT and legal researchers. The network of National Open Access Desks (NOADs) has been extended expanded once again (to 33 countries), in order to collect H2020 project outputs, and support research data management. Backing this vast outreach, the OpenAIRE platform continued its extension.
OpenAIRE recently entered it's fourth phase, with the "OpenAIRE-Advance Project", which started in 1st January 2018 and will last for 36 months. OpenAIRE-Advance continues the mission of OpenAIRE to support the Open Access/Open Data mandates in Europe. By sustaining the current successful infrastructure, comprised of a human network and robust technical services, it consolidates its achievements while working to shift the momentum among its communities to Open Science, aiming to be a trusted e-Infrastructure within the realms of the European Open Science Cloud. In this next phase, OpenAIRE-Advance strives to empower its National Open Access Desks (NOADs) so they become a pivotal part within their own national data infrastructures, positioning Open Access and Open Science onto national agendas.
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