EOSC Austrian Governance Board Country Delegate: Stefan Hanslik from the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research.
Stefan Hanslik gives answers to these questions and explains his role in the Governance Board in the following three video interviews:
The videos were produced within the Austrian role as a partner in the H2020 project EOSCSecretariat. They are licensed with an open CC-license, so we encourage further reuse and dissemination.
In the call for proposals "Digital and social transformation in higher education", some submissions also revolved around the topic of Open Science and Open Access. One notable example is "Austrian Transition to Open Access 2" (AT2OA²) the continuation of AT2OA, which aims to further promote the free accessibility of scientific publications. This also applies to the projects "RIS Synergy", "Austrian DataLab Austria" and "FAIR Data", which are combined in the Research Data cluster and are being implemented (under the lead of Vienna University of Technology and Graz University of Technology).
They are among those projects that will further advance the European Open Science Cloud. EOSC is a data infrastructure referred to as the "Internet of scientific data and data services" or European Open Science Cloud, i.e. a Europe-wide user-friendly environment of digital research data consisting of existing e-infrastructures across national and disciplinary borders. It aims to provide European researchers with access to first-class computing, storage and analysis capacities located in Europe. This will also facilitate the open exchange of data, e.g. as part of the "Open Research Data Pilot". To achieve this goal uniform international standards are needed.
In 2018, during the Austrian Presidency of the Council of the European Union and through the Vienna Declaration on the European Open Science Cloud, the EOSC Governance was launched at the University of Vienna.
EOSC Pillar in Austria - AUSSDA / VUL (Vienna University Library)
“Coordination and Harmonisation of National Initiatives, Infrastructures and Data services in Central and Western Europe” (Lisa Hönegger)
“EOSC-Pillar is part of EOSC regional projects funded under the INFRAEOSC 5b call and will work in sync with other regional projects such as EOSC Nordic, NI4OS-Europe, EOSC Synergy and ExPaNDS. These projects aim to coordinate the efforts of the national and thematic initiatives in making a coherent contribution to EOSC.”
EOSC Secretariat - TU Wien
Austrian EOSC Secretariat team: Andreas Rauber, Paolo Budroni (Austrian National E-IRG Delegate), Barbara Sanchez, Juliana Giroletti, Katharina Flicker, Bernd Saurugger
The Austrian Science Fund (FWF) is Austria's central funding organization for basic research. The purpose of the FWF is to support the ongoing development of Austrian science and basic research at a high international level. Therefore, the FWF makes a significant contribution to cultural development, and to the advancement of our knowledge-based society.
The Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) is the national funding institution for applied industrial research in Austria. The FFG offers a comprehensive range of services for Austrian enterprises, research institutions and researchers – from the management of public funding programmes to consulting services in all phases of technology development and innovation, from support for integration into European research programmes and networks to the promotion of Austria's interests at the European and the international level.
Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft mbH (aws) is the Austrian federal promotional bank. It assists companies in their implementation of innovative projects by granting loans, awarding subsidies and issuing guarantees at favourable interest rates, particularly in cases in which it is not possible for these companies to obtain the necessary funds in a sufficient amount from other sources of financing. In addition, it provides support in the form of specific information, advisory and other services to prospective, established and expanding companies.
Information about funding programs and open tenderings are available mainly in German on the ministries websites. A service called Förderkompass is provided by the bmvit which aggregates information about current different research funding programs and institutions.
There is a wide range of research in Austria and current research programs and projects. Furthermore an initiative called Forschungsatlas provides all links and records in social media about research in Austria in real time. Information about funding programs and open tenderings are available mainly in German on the ministries websites.
The OeAW as the largest non-university research institution cultivates discourse and the cooperation between science, the public, politics and the economy and practices applied and open basic research at its 29 institutes at the highest international level.As a public institution, the OAeW advances national and international scientific cooperation, offers researchers far-reaching advancement and career-development opportunities and supports up-and-coming scientists with fellowships as well as training and advanced training. The OAW sustainably supports the development of Austria as an innovative and future-proof knowledge-based society.
Founded in 1960, the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (LBG) is a research institution with a thematic focus on medicine, life sciences and the humanities, social sciences and cultural sciences, and is specifically targeting new research topics in Austria. Together with academic and implementing partners, the LBG is currently running 20 Ludwig Boltzmann Institutes (LBIs) and develops and tests new forms of collaboration between science and non-scientific actors such as companies, the public sector and civil society.
Named after the famous Austrian physicist, mathematician and philosopher Ludwig Boltzmann, the LBG still takes its lead from his wide range of academic interests, by pursuing interdisciplinary approaches. Socially relevant challenges, to which research can contribute, are to be recognized at an early stage and taken up. In 2016, the LBG Career Center, which is supporting 200 pre and postdocs, has been set up. In addition, the LBG Open Innovation in Science Center (LBG OIS Center), which is revealing the potential of open innovation to science, was launched.
The LBG is financed by a mix of public and private funding, the total budget for the year 2016 amounted to 31.3 million euros. About 31 percent of the funds come from the budget of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research. The Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft employs a total of approximately 550 people. Since the comprehensive reorganisation of the LBG in 2002, LBIs can only be established on the basis of calls for proposals and must operate under the scrutiny of international expert review.
The Christian Doppler Research Association promotes the cooperation between science and business. Specifically, this takes place in specially established research units with fixed terms, in which application-orientated basic research is pursued: Christian Doppler Laboratories at universities and non-university research institutions, Josef Ressel Centres at universities of applied sciences.Under the direction of highly qualified scientists, research groups work in close contact with the commercial partners on innovative responses to business-related research issues.
The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has a long tradition of promoting research: Through its Anniversary Fund, the OeNB supports outstanding scientific work above all in the field of economics and medicine, but also projects related to the social sciences and the humanities.In addition, the OeNB sponsors a number of grants and awards, such as the Klaus Liebscher Award or the Olga Radzyner Award, and offers a visiting research program for young scientists.
APPEAR is a programme of the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) with the aim to implement its strategy for support of higher education and research for development on an academic institutional level in the ADC’s southern priority countries and key regions and in three priority countries of the South Caucasus and Black Sea Region.The overall objective is to strengthen the institutional capacities in higher education, research and management in the addressed countries through Academic Partnerships with Austrian higher education institutions and master’s and PhD scholarships as a contribution to effective and sustainable reduction of poverty.
The Commission for Development Research at the OeAD-GmbH (KEF) aims at bridging the gap between science and development by supporting a development-oriented approach in research and science. The main principle is the incorporation of the development policy approach in science and research.
Research Data Alliance Austria (RDA-AT) is a national RDA node dedicated to representing emerging research and data management communities throughout Austria. RDA-AT will operate as a formal participant of RDA Europe, linking Austrian data management initiatives and RDA Working and Interest Groups, providing assistance in adoption of RDA recommendations, and allowing Austrian stakeholders to benefit directly from RDA support mechanisms. These new connections will bring key Austrian issues to the global data management table, and global discussions back to Austria.
RDA Austria's primary responsibilities include:
The Citizen Science Network Austria (CSNA) and its associated online platform Österreich forscht are the main portals to citizen science in Austria. The members of the CSNA have agreed to work together to further develop citizen science in Austria, to secure the quality of citizen science projects and to foster citizen science in general. Several working groups invite interested persons of all backgrounds to collaborate on diverse topics within citizen science, such as quality criteria, biodiversity databases, open science or legal aspects. All citizen science projects will be listed on Österreich forscht, after careful evaluation of the projects according to the Quality Criteria for Citizen Science Projects (https://zenodo.org/record/3648636#.XnjFP3J7lPY). Furthermore, interested persons can find general information about citizen science and read and engage in the blog section of Österreich forscht. Österreich forscht is also the main website for the annual Austrian Citizen Science Conference, which is organised since 2015.
See also the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research: about Citizen Science
See also: OpenInnovation.gv.at & Strategy: Open Innovation Strategie für Österreich – Ziele, Maßnahmen und Methoden (in German)
See also: Open Science at the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (in German)
Austria has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet.
Taking the ROARMAP into account, there are 14 research organizations and two funders, which already have one.
As of 2020/01:
The latest Austrian government programme, includes a commitment regarding actively supporting Plan S towards the implementation of Open Access. Subsequently, the principles of Plan S are supposed to be implemented by all universities and extramural research institutions in Austria.
Institutions with an Open Access Policy:
Scientific output can currently (as of March 2020) be deposited in 41 Austrian multidisciplinary and discipline-specific repositories, which are listed in OpenDOAR.
The Registry of Research Data Repositories has currently listed (as of March 2020) a total of 35 Data Repositories, in which Austrian Institutions are involved.
According to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) there are currently 53 Austrian OA journals.
A mentionable initiative in Open Access publishing is Open Access 2020. It builds on the Berlin Declaration and is pursuing the large-scale implementation of free online access and mostly unrestricted use and re-use of scholarly research articles - and therefore, the overall transition of scholarly journals from a subscription to an Open Access model.
The Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) and the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) have officially signed the Expression of Interest. ACIB GmbH - Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology has formally declared its endorsement.
The following Open Access agreements with scientific publishers currently exist in Austria. As mentioned, the Austrian Academic Library Consortium KEMÖ negotiates most of the agreements.
There are some Austrian publishers, institutions, funders etc. providing open access books, (most listed in DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books) e.g.
Budroni, P., Hanslik, S., Sánchez Solís, B. (2019). Developing EOSC. A view on an ongoing process, as per 31 January 2020. https://www.aco.net/developing_eosc.html?L=1
Danowski, Patrick: An Austrian proposal for the Classification of Open Access Tuples (COAT) – Distinguish different Open Access types beyond colors. In: Mitteilungen der VÖB 72 (2019), Nr. 1: AT2OA, S. 59-65. https://doi.org/10.31263/voebm.v72i1.2276
Mayer, K. (2016, October). Open Science: von der Vision zur Praxis. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.163155
Kraker, P., Dörler, D., Ferus, A., Gutounig, R., Heigl, F., Kaier, C., … Wandl-Vogt, E. (2016, June 15). The Vienna Principles: A Vision for Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.55597
Bauer, B., Blechl, G., Bock, Ch., Danowski, P., Ferus, A., Graschopf, A., König, Th., Mayer, K., Reckling, F., Rieck, K., Seitz, P., Stöger, H., Welzig, E. (2015, November 12). Empfehlungen für die Umsetzung von Open Access in Österreich. Zenodo.http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.33178
Bauer, B., Blechl, G., Bock, C., Danowski, P., Ferus, A., Graschopf, A., … Welzig, E. (2015, November 30). Recommendations for the Transition to Open Access in Austria. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.34079
Schmidt, N. (2014). Der Goldene Weg des Open Access zum funktionalen Publikationswesen. Handlungsoptionen für die Universität Wien (The Golden Road of Open Access to a Functional Publishing System. Courses of Action for the University of Vienna). u:scholar – Institutional Repository der Univ. Wien. https://phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:337723.
Sánchez Solis, B. (2014). Factors for Enabling Sharing and Reuse of Research Data. Phaidra. https://phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:343651.
See also Monitor Statistics of Austria - FWF