In February, 2020, Estonian Research Council signed the agreement for Estonia to join the Nordic e-Infrastructure Collaboration NeIC, which gives Estonian research infrastructures the possibility to maintain and enhance their competitiveness and do more international cooperation.
In 2015, Estonian Research Council established an expert committee on open science who complied principles and recommendations for development of national open science policy. These recommendations were published in June 2016.
In 2015, University of Tartu joined DataCite and can now assign Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). In Spring 2015, four major universities in Estonia signed DataCite Estonia consortium agreement in order to make research data publicly available.
Estonia has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet. However, in 2015, Open Science Expert Group was initiated by the Estonian Research Council to support drafting a national Open Science policy by complying principles and recommendations for the development of national open science policy. These recommendations were published in June 2016. This document is recommendations of the expert committee and should not be considered national policy on Open Science but rather a set of recommendations for developing future national OS policy.
From the end of 2019, the Ministry of Education and Research in Estonia has started to develop a Roadmap for an Open Science Policy Framework which is expected to result in official policy in a couple of years. It is expected that in a few years, this policy can result in the establishment of Estonian Open Science Competence Center which is a central support system for open science implementation in Estonia.
Estonian Research Council has started to require research data management plans from all personal grant applications and has officially started to evaluate these DMPs.
The Estonian Research Information System (ETIS) is developing into the Estonian research information database, including the central repository of research publications. Starting from 2013, the competition-based funding instruments (institutional and personal research funding) include a requirement for open access: “The publications that result from the implementation of the research theme shall be freely available to the public in ETIS, unless set forth otherwise in the conditions for publication, and for the protection of copyright or intellectual property rights.”
Estonia has not implemented an Institutional policy yet.
Estonian Research Council and other research funding organisations establish the principles of institutional open science. Universities and other research and development institutions draw up institutional principles and the action plan for open science. Research libraries advise and train Estonian research community in open access and data management issues and, in cooperation with research funders, develop the basic forms for data management plans.
OpenDOAR lists 7 repositories in Estonia:
National licences for research publications (including Open Access) with major research publishers are maintained through Non-profit Organisation Consortium of Estonian Libraries Network; however, Estonia has no Open Access publishing agreements with any publisher currently which would allow Estonian researchers publish their research in Open Access journals with discount prices. Open Access publishing is funded by researchers themselves through research grants. Estonian government nor universities do not provide special funding for Open Access publishing.
Starting from the end of 2019, the University of Tartu is also the National Node of Research Data Alliance.
The European Union’s instruments for funding research and development activities are mainly covered by framework programmes. The eight framework programme from 2014 onwards is Horizon 2020.
International cooperation is one of the principles of the creation of a common European Research Area in order to promote cross-border cooperation, the free movement of researchers as well as the free access to research data and published articles.
Estonia has one major funding agency:
Integrated in OpenAIRE
Estonia has no funding agency integrated in OpenAIRE yet.