Estonia

Estonia

National Open Access Desk

Contacts
  • Liisi Lembinen |
    • In Estonia, Open Access has been on the radar since 2009. University of Tartu Library was one of the early adopters hosting Open Access Weeks since 2010 and organizing various events to initiate debates on Open Access and Open Research Data. Estonian Research Council coordinates Open Science policy in the country by organising various events in cooperation with other institutions (including the University of Tartu Library, OpenAIRE NOAD in Estonia). There is no official Open Access or Open Science policy in Estonia (nor in any higher educational institution).
       

      Support and landscape

      National initiatives

      • In 2015, Estonian Research Council established an expert committee on open science who complied principles and recommendations for development of national open science policy. These recommendations were published in June 2016.

        In 2015, University of Tartu joined DataCite and can now assign Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). In Spring 2015, four major universities in Estonia signed DataCite Estonia consortium agreement in order to make research data publicly available.

    •  

      OpenAIRE statistics

      40578 OA publications in 20 repositories
    • National policy

      Estonia has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet. However, in 2015, Open Science Expert Group was initiated by the Estonian Research Council to support drafting a national Open Science policy by complying principles and recommendations for the development of national open science policy. These recommendations were published in June 2016. This document is recommendations of the expert committee and should not be considered national policy on Open Science but rather a set of recommendations for developing future national OS policy.

      From the end of 2019, the Ministry of Education and Research in Estonia has started to develop a Roadmap for an Open Science Policy Framework which is expected to result in official policy in a couple of years. It is expected that in a few years, this policy can result in the establishment of Estonian Open Science Competence Center which is a central support system for open science implementation in Estonia.

      Estonian Research Council has started to require research data management plans from all personal grant applications and has officially started to evaluate these DMPs.

      The Estonian Research Information System (ETIS) is developing into the Estonian research information database, including the central repository of research publications. Starting from 2013, the competition-based funding instruments (institutional and personal research funding) include a requirement for open access: “The publications that result from the implementation of the research theme shall be freely available to the public in ETIS, unless set forth otherwise in the conditions for publication, and for the protection of copyright or intellectual property rights.”

      Institutional policy

      Estonia has not implemented an Institutional policy yet. 

      Estonian Research Council and other research funding organisations establish the principles of institutional open science. Universities and other research and development institutions draw up institutional principles and the action plan for open science. Research libraries advise and train Estonian research community in open access and data management issues and, in cooperation with research funders, develop the basic forms for data management plans.

      Funder policy

    • Key networks and aggregators

      Data repositories

      National repositories in Re3Data


      Estonia has no centrally funded nor managed data repository. Various subject groups have developed their own data repositories.

      1. Estonian Repositories in Re3Data 
      2. UNITE, Unified system for the DNA based funal species linked to the classification. 
      3. ESTA (Eesti Sotsiaalteaduslik Andmearhiiv)
      4. Estonian Biocentre Public Data 
      5. Center of Estonian Language Resources
      6. University of Tartu Open Data Repository DataDOI - non-subject specific data repository.

      National publishing initiatives

      Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists 15 Open Access journals published in Estonia. University of Tartu Library maintains Estonian Open Journal System.

      National agreements with publishers

      Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists 15 Open Access journals published in Estonia. University of Tartu Library maintains Estonian Open Journal System.

      OA books

      National licences for research publications (including Open Access) with major research publishers are maintained through Non-profit Organisation Consortium of Estonian Libraries Network; however, Estonia has no Open Access publishing agreements with any publisher currently which would allow Estonian researchers publish their research in Open Access journals with discount prices. Open Access publishing is funded by researchers themselves through research grants. Estonian government nor universities do not provide special funding for Open Access publishing.

    • University of Tartu Library is teaching various courses involving research data management which are included in the University of Tartu’s curricula:
      • Introduction to Information Research is a course for PhD students that gives an overview to information research and teaches how to use databases and research data repositories. It also gives an introduction to data management and shows how DOI is given to a dataset.
      • Research Data Management and Publishing is a course for PhD students which is created in collaboration with University of Tartu Museum of Natural History and data management platform PlutoF. In this course you can find information about open science and publishing with open access. You will get to know how to create a data management plan and how to search data from different open data repositories. The second part of the course teaches how to make research data to machine-readable FAIR data.
      • Research Integrity: Framework Requirements, Values and Principles of Action is an elective course for all PhD students. In this course you can find principles and guidelines for how to process research data to make it easily findable and reusable. A part of this course is also dedicated to open science and research data.

      Starting from the end of 2019, the University of Tartu is also the National Node of Research Data Alliance.

    • Funding Agencies

      Funding programmes 2014-2020.

      The European Union’s instruments for funding research and development activities are mainly covered by framework programmes. The eight framework programme from 2014 onwards is Horizon 2020.

      International cooperation is one of the principles of the creation of a common European Research Area in order to promote cross-border cooperation, the free movement of researchers as well as the free access to research data and published articles.

      Estonia has one major funding agency:

      Integrated in OpenAIRE

      Estonia has no funding agency integrated in OpenAIRE yet.

    • 06 March 2020
      Introduction In Estonia, the University of Tartu Library and the UT Natural History Museum have collaborated for a long time. Natural scientists initiated the university's joi...
      02 December 2019
      The University of Tartu Library organized an annual OpenAIRE National Event in Tartu on the 6th of November. Focus of the seminar was on the future of Open Access. Vari...
      27 June 2018
      In 2017, under the supervision of Estonian Research Council, two research groups from the University of Tartu and Tallinn University in cooperation with the Estonian Academy of Sciences conducted rese...
      05 June 2018
      On the 28-29th of May 2018, OpenAIRE organized a seminar titled: "How to Get the Maximum from Research Data – Prerequisites and Outcomes".  Approximately 60 participants attended the 2-days semin...
      22 August 2017
      Estonian Research Council coordinates Open Science policy in the country by organizing various events in cooperation with other institutions (including the University of Tartu Library, OpenAIRE NOAD i...
      21 June 2017
      Estonian OpenAIRE national event 2017: international seminar „Open Research Data - the FAIRest Data is the Future of Science  The University of Tartu Library and DataCite Estonia Consortium organ...
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