Finland

Finland

National Open Access Desk

Contacts
  • Pauli Assinen |

    Kimmo Koskinen |
    • There are 14 universities in Finland. Universities Finland (Unifi) is a co-operational organisation for Finnish universities. Unifi promotes higher education, research and arts by addressing far-reaching, university related issues. It aims to influence the Finnish higher education and research policy, and to promote common interests of universities. The Rectors’ Conference of Finnish Universities of Applied Sciences (Arene) coordinates cooperation, also in open science issues, between 24 universities of applied sciences in Finland. Research is also done in and supported by science agenciens, research institutes and scientific organisations in Finland.

      Open Science Expert Panels and their working groups are form of cooperation, where all the open science stakeholders can contribute to national level open science activities.  Ministry of Education and Culture is funding national level open science activities coordination done by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies. One result of this cooperation is the Declaration for Open Science and Research 2020-2025. The declaration provides a common direction for the development of the research community. The declaration outlines a vision, where open science and research are seamlessly integrated in researchers' everyday work.

      Support and landscape

      • There are several national level services offered for the Finnish research system.

        SERVICES

        DMP-TOOL

        Data management planning tool DMPTuuli helps you to create, review, and share data management plans that meet institutional and funder requirements.

        FAIRDATA SERVICES

        • IDA - STORE
        • Etsin - FIND
          • Etsin is a research data finder that contains descriptive information – metadata – on research datasets. Anyone may browse and use the metadata. More information on Etsin
        • Qvain - DESCRIBE
          • Qvain metadata tool helps to add metadata that fulfills the minimum requirements for digital preservation. Quality metadata keeps the data findable and linkable and ensures that Fairdata services are interoperable. More information on Qvain
        • Digital Preservation Service for Research Data - PRESERVE
          • Digital Preservation Service for Research Data takes care of the digital preservation of research outputs. Digital preservation is the reliable storage of digital information for tens or even hundreds of years. More information

        FINNIS SOCIAL SCIENCE DATA ARCHIVE

        Finnish Social Science Data Archive promotes open access to research data as well as transparency, accumulation and efficient reuse of scientific research. FSD also responsibly implements the FAIR data principles, which aim at making data and services Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable. Efficient, fair and free services are the cornerstone of our activities. FSD has been awarded the CoreTrustSeal (CTS) which is granted to an organisation that preserves digital research data in a reliable manner and enables the reuse of data.

        OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER)

        In the Library of Open Educational Resources (OER), you can search for and share open educational resources from all levels of education.

      National initiatives

      • The Open Science Expert Panels and working groups are promoting Open Science in the National level. The Federation of Finnish Learned Societies, funded by Ministry of Education and Culture, is coordinating these Open Science activities.

    •  

      OpenAIRE statistics

      147688 OA publications in 31 repositories
    • National policy

      DECLARATION FOR OPEN SCIENCE AND RESEARCH 2020-2025
      The Finnish research community has jointly created a Declaration for Open Science and Research. The declaration was approved by the National Open Science and Research Steering Group on 10th of December, 2019.

      The declaration provides a common direction for the development of the research community. The declaration outlines a vision, where open science and research are seamlessly integrated in researchers' everyday work. The joint mission is to promote openness as a fundamental value of science, to strengthen the relevance of research in society and to increase the mobility and impact of research.
      The declaration defines four objectives that specify how openness will become part of the daily life of researchers and scientists. The goals are defined by the research community for:
      • research culture
      • open access to research publications,
      • open access to research data and methods; and
      • open education and educational resources as promoted by the research community.

      The declaration can be downloaded here in PDF format in English, Finnish and Swedish

      Policies of Open Science and Research in Finland 

      Policies of open science and research in Finland outline in detail the strategic principles, objectives and action plans necessary to achieve the objectives set out in the Declaration for Open Science and Research.

      Published
      o Policy for Open Access to Scholarly Publications
      At drafting and/or planning stage (April 2020)
      o Policy for Open Access to Scholarly Publications: policy components on monographs, professional publications and non-textual research publications
      o Policy for Open Scholarship
      o Policy for Open Access to Research Data and Methods
      o Policy for the Open Education and Educational Resources

      The Finnish National Board on Research Integrity (TENK), appointed by the Ministry of Education and Culture, promotes the responsible conduct of research, prevents research misconduct, promotes discussion and spreads information on research integrity in Finland.  
      - Responsible Research
      - TENK website Responsible Research brings together coordination for Open Science, Publication Forum, The Committee for Public Information (TJNK), Finnish National Board on Research Integrity (TENK) and the Responsible Research Articles. Website is funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture in Finland.

      Institutional policy

      The evaluation of the openness of Finnish research organisations, research-funding organisations, academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies, completed by the Ministry of Education and Culture to assess the openness of operational cultures and to evaluate progress for the organisations evaluated in previous years. Results of the evaluation are published in Atlas of open science and research in Finland 2019 : Evaluation of openness in the activities of higher education institutions, research institutes, research-funding organisations, Finnish academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies. Final report. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-263-689-8

      Quote from the Atlas:

      "About 80 % of the higher education institutions have principles which recommend or
      encourage the use of open-access channels for publishing and more than 60 % require
      the use of open-access channels. Nearly all (93 %) of the universities and 88 % of the
      universities of applied sciences have recommendations on self-archiving publications
      in institutional or other repositories. Of the HEIs, 60 % require self-archiving research
      publications and has a support process place for it.

      Compared to the previous evaluation, there has been significant improvements in
      developing the principles for the openness of research methods (including algorithms
      and code). Openness of research methods is surprisingly well managed in policies and
      almost all of the universities and more than 70 % of the universities of applied sciences
      have policies and principles for this. Almost half of the universities and about 40 % of the
      universities of applied sciences require openness of research methods.

      The availability, use and licensing of research data is also very well managed. Every
      university has a data policy and implementation plan recommending openness of
      research data, whereas eight universities of applied sciences have not yet set principles
      for open research data. Ten out of thirteen universities and almost half of the universities
      of applied sciences require open licensing of research data and use of agreed open
      repositories."

      Funder policy

      Funders with an Open Access Policy:

      "Based on the data, just one research funder has policies or principles on developing interoperability in the research infrastructures they fund. It should be noted though that not all of the research funders in this analysis fund research infrastructures. Only one funder has mentioned the strengthening of openness-related competencies in the strategy and defined this as an area for development."

      Source: Atlas of open science and research in Finland 2019 : Evaluation of openness in the activities of higher education institutions, research institutes, research-funding organisations, Finnish academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies. Final report. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-263-689-8

    • Key networks and aggregators

      • Open Science expert panels
        Promotion of open science and research is a joint effort by the entire research community, done in four expert panels and their working groups. The Finnish Federation of Learned Societies coordinates this work. Expert panels:
        Culture of open scholarship
        Open data
        Open access
        Open education

        Open Knowledge Finland - “Open Knowledge Finland (OKFI) is a registered not-for-profit association and part of the wider international Open Knowledge -network. We promote opening and usage of open knowledge and advance development of open society in Finland. The association was founded in 2012. Members present widely the Finnish ‘open’ -scene including individuals, companies and other organizations.”

        RDA in Finland - The National Node is hosted at CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd., hence actively acting as a mediator and promoting RDA in Finland and also abroad. National Node acts as the local point of contact between national data practioners and RDA.

        FinnOA - Unofficial network of the people interested in enhancing open science.

      Data repositories

      National publishing initiatives

      Journal.fi
      Journal.fi is a journal management and publishing service provided by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies. The site features 80 Finnish scholarly journals, with more to come.
      Journal.fi is designed to meet the needs of authors, readers, publishers and funders in the age of Open Access journals. The service is using the Open Journal Systems 3.1 software.

      National agreements with publishers

      FinELib is a consortium of Finnish universities, research institutions and public libraries. It negotiates e-resource license agreements for the Finnish scholarly community. Read more on the negotiations here.

      OA books

      No information available.

    • Funding Agencies

      Finland has 1 major funding agency which is listed here:

      The Academy of Finland

      Information about other funders in Finland: Aurora-database

      Integrated in OpenAIRE

      Finland has 1 funding agency integrated in OpenAIRE:

      The Academy of Finland (6.615 projects)

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      23 April 2019
      This text was written by Joonas Nikkanen (CSC – IT Center for Science, Finland) and Jochen Schirrwagen (Bielefeld University Library, Germany)Efficient dissemination and visibility of research results...
      25 March 2019
      What kind of jungle is made up of national and international policies, services and infrastructures of open science? Can this jungle be defined, and can you survive it? The OpenAIRE event, Making sens...
      19 September 2016
      The workshop was held at the University of Helsinki at the end of August. The event was designed to paint a broad picture of the current scene of Open Science starting from the European level down to ...
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