Ireland has considerable expertise in developing Open Access to publicly funded research, aligned with international policies and initiatives, and is now seeking to strengthen its approach to support international developments on Open Science led by the European Commission, Science Europe and other international agencies.
The Irish Open Access landscape has favoured the ‘Green’ approach to Open Access. This was outlined in Ireland’s National Principles on Open Access which stressed the importance of depositing the correct versions of research papers in the researchers’ local repositories.
There are eight universities in Ireland: Dublin City University DCU), Maynooth University (MU), National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG), Technological University Dublin (TU Dublin), the University of Dublin, Trinity College Dublin (TCD), University College Cork (UCC), University College Dublin (UCD), and University of Limerick (UL). The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) is a privately-funded institution.
In addition, Ireland has eleven Institutes of Technology and seven Colleges of Education. A number of other third level institutions, including some privately-funded entities, provide specialist education in such fields as art and design, medicine, business studies, rural development, theology, music and law.
Ireland’s National Open Research Forum (NORF) grew out of the National Steering Committee on Open Access Policy in Ireland.
It is a collection of like-minded organisations who came together in 2012 to advocate for open access publication in Ireland. The Committee issued recommendations for a position statement later that year, which was subsequently adopted by the Irish Government in October 2012.
Its objectives are:
NORF is currently working on new principles that embrace Open Science as a whole.
In 2007, Irish universities received government funding to build institutional repositories in each Irish university and to develop a federated harvesting and discovery service via a national portal.
This three-year project started in April 2007 and ended in March 2010. The project was directed by the Irish Universities Association and managed by the Irish Universities Association Librarians’ Group. A press release on the project from the Irish Universities Association is available at this link. ‘RIAN’, the Ireland's National Open Access Research Portal, harvests metadata from the institutional repositories of the Rian partner institutions. Rian was launched in October, 2010.
Since then RIAN has expanded to include repositories other than those of the seven universities.
In addition edepositIreland was setup in 2014 as the ‘Orphan’ Repository for Ireland. This complies with Ireland’s National Principles on Open Access which state that ‘Every publicly-funded researcher in Ireland shall have deposit rights in an Open Access repository
Ireland’s National Principles on Open Access Policy Statement was published in October 2012 and is currently under review (see below). In addition to the National Policy, most Irish funding agencies and some Higher Education Institutions have Open Access policies.
Ireland’s Principles on Open Access Policy Statement (2012) reiterates the right of the freedom of researchers to publish wherever they feel is the most appropriate. Additionally the policy states:
Ireland’s national principles also encourage researchers to publish in Open Access Journals but clearly state that these papers must also be deposited in a repository.
In 2016, the National Open Research Forum (NORF) was established to revise the National Principles Statement and deliver an Irish agenda for open research. This Forum is co-chaired by the Higher Education Authority (HEA) and the Health Research Board (HRB) with secretariat from the Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation (DBEI). It has encompassed and broadened the membership of a previous National Open Access committee combining the expertise of representatives from policy, research funding, research performing, library sector and other key stakeholders in the research system across Ireland. Individual Working groups are addressing key areas of open access publications, open research data, infrastructure, and the human resources that are required to support and deliver the transition to an open research environment for Ireland.
The NORF published its Draft National Statement on the Transition to an Open Research Environment in Open Access Week 2018, opening the document to a series of public consultations. The current version of the document is available at this link.
Further consultation with the research community is underway, particularly in relation to alignment with Plan S and other European policies. The consultation schedule is available from the NORF website and is expected to be completed in late Spring 2019.
The following institutions have implemented Open Access policies:
Some of the research performing organisations (such as Trinity College Dublin (TCD) and Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT)) have local OA policies which pre-date the National Open Access Principles Statement, 2012. These signatories of the National Principles Statement supplemented their local policies via endorsement of the national policy. Others, such as Maynooth University and University College Cork, updated their OA policies to bring them into line with the national policy.
All of the Irish research performing organisations are currently represented in the National Open Research Forum (NORF), either directly or via agencies such as the IUALG (Irish Universities Association Librarians’ Group). NORF’s remit is to update and replace the National Principles Statement with a revised set of national OA and open data principles. The NORF’s Draft National Statement on the Transition to an Open Research Environment is undergoing a public consultation process until late Spring 2019. When the new National Principles document has been finalised and agreed, it is expected to be endorsed and adopted by individual institutions in Ireland.
Irish funding agencies have been very proactive about implementing Open Access policies aligned with international best practice. Some of the funding agency policies are listed below.
RIAN is Ireland’s national portal for Open Access portals. RIAN began in 210 by harvesting to one portal the contents of the Institutional Repositories of the seven university libraries. As RIAN developed further, other Irish research repositories were added, and more continue to be added, so that RIAN will truly be the portal to Irish research.
Open Access repositories are currently available in all Irish universities and in a number of other higher education institutions:
No information available.
Repository Network Ireland is a newly formed group of Repository managers, librarians and information professionals in Ireland.
Aims of the RNI:
Ireland has 9 major funding agencies which are listed here.
Ireland has 1 funding agency integrated in OpenAIRE.
See also Monitor Statistics of Ireland - SFI