Research in Israel is carried out mainly by Higher Education Institutions and Research Centers. Institutions of higher education operate under the authority of the Council for Higher Education, which is headed by the minister of education, and includes academics, community representatives, and a student representative. It grants accreditation, authorises the awarding of academic degrees, and advises the government on the development and financing of higher education and scientific research.
Israel has 63 academic institutions: 9 universities (8 research universities and the Open University), 37 academic colleges (of which 21 are public "budgeted" academic colleges and 16 private "non-budgeted" colleges), and 17 teacher-training colleges.
In addition, research is also conducted in 34 research institutions.
Higher education in Israel has been praised for helping to encourage the country’s economic development and recent technological boom. The high quality of Israel’s higher education system was also recognized in the QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings, in which it ranks as the world’s 28th strongest national system. Of Israel’s nine universities, six were featured in the THE SHANGHAI (ARWU) RANKING, 2017, in the global top 500, including: Technion ( 93), Hebrew university of Jerusalem (100), Weizmann Institute (118) , Tel Aviv University (182), Bar-Ilan University (421), and Ben Gurion university (468).
Israel via Bar Ilan university has joined OpenAIRE, as a National Open Access Desk (NOAD) in January 2018.
Open Access is a new initiative in Israel, there is otherwise no official open access policy on the national level. The first activity of the NOAD is to raise awareness among the different stakeholders.
Currently, there in no official open access policy on the institutional level. This is why no OA policies are registered in ROARMAP yet.
The Israeli Science Foundation is the main source of research funding in Israel and receives administrative support from the Academy of Sciences and Humanities. The foundation provides competitive grants in three areas: exact sciences and technology, life sciences and medicine, and humanities and social sciences. Complementary funding is provided by binational foundations, such as the USA–Israel Binational Science Foundation and the German–Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development.
Israel was the first non-European country to be associated with the EU Framework Programme in 1996. Its participation in the EU Framework Programme has been a success story and represents an added value for the Israeli scientific community in creating new opportunities for collaboration and funding.
The Ministry of Science, Technology, and Space funds the research centres and is responsible for international scientific cooperation. The Ministry’s National Infrastructure Programme supports research in l priority fields and encourages the younger generation of scientists.
The Office of the Chief Scientist within the Ministry of the Economy funds several projects that encourage startup companies and high-tech companies.
Another source of public research funding is the Forum for National Research and Development Infrastructure (Telem). This voluntary partnership involves the Office of the Chief Scientist of the Ministry of the Economy and the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Space, the Planning and Budgeting Committee, and the Ministry of Finance. Telem projects focus on establishing infrastructure for research and development in areas that are of common interest to most Telem partners.
The Israel Science Foundation ISF which is the biggest funding agency in Israel has started a discussion on implementing an OA policy.
Currently there are three institutes in Israel that are in the process of establishing Open Access Institutional Repositories to which researchers can submit their research output in Israel:
Other Universities are also discussing in different levels the introduction of an institutional OA policy.
Bar Ilan University participates in OpenAIRE project, as a National Open Access Desk (NOAD) The main objectives of the Israeli NOAD are, among others, to support, promote, and disseminate all relevant information regarding the policies of Open Access to all possible stakeholders.
BIU strives to achieve these goals by:
Israel has 1 major funding agency which is listed here:
Israel has no funding agency integrated in OpenAIRE yet.