Poland

  • Open Science in Poland is originally a bottom-up movement. However, in recent years awareness of Open Access issues has been rising steadily. In 2008, members of the European University Association – among them 43 Polish higher education institutions and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland – issued their Recommendations from the EUA Working Group on Open Access, postulating the establishment of institutional repositories networked on the national and European level. In July 2013, the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland have jointly published a statement in support of the Green Road to Open Access, calling for institutional repositories to be established in all scientific units in the country. Finally, in October 2015, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) issued a document entitled „Kierunki rozwoju otwartego dostępu do treści naukowych w Polsce” (in Polish only; for a discussion of this document in English see the blog post Poland: Initial open access policy) which sets specific OA recommendations for all major stakeholders in Poland.

    In March 2018, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) published a report on the implementation of open access policy („Raport nt. realizacji polityki otwartego dostępu do publikacji naukowych w latach 2015-2017”, in Polish only). The document summarized the efforts that had been undertaken in years 2015-2017, identified barriers to open access and provided recommendations for further work. In 2018, Polish parliament passed the Law on Higher Education and Science, the so-called Law 2.0. It provided the framework for the reform of the higher education system.

    Support and landscape

    • The Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) is responsible for the development and implementation of research policy. The Ministry provides core funding for the statutory activities of various types of research institutions and for large infrastructure investments, and it also supervises the two major governmental funding agencies – the National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki, NCN) and the National Centre for Research and Development (Narodowe Centrum Badań i Rozwoju, NCBR).

      The Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools (CRASP) in Poland is the representative body of academic schools, which have the right to award the doctor's degree (or equivalent) in at least one scientific discipline. On July 5, 2013 CRASP and Polish Academy of Sciences (Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) issued a joint statement on open access to scientific publications and educational resources. In 2018 CRASP published a statement on the implementation of open science model. CRASP is a member of European University Association, which supports universities in the implementation of Open Science principles.

      The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) is a national research institution founded in 1952. It conducts advanced research at its scientific units, integrates research community in Poland, supports and promotes various forms of research and educates young scholars. 

      State research institutes (see: Main Council of the Research Institutes) are government-run institutions that conduct R&D work in line with the needs of the national economy and social life.

      Two major governmental agencies are responsible for the bulk of research funding in Poland.

      The National Science Centre (NCN) was launched in 2011 as the main governmental agency supporting basic research in Poland. This is achieved through the funding of research projects in all fields of sciences and humanities as well as doctoral fellowships and post-doctoral internships. In 2018, The National Science Centre (NCN) joined cOAlition S, but it has not developed an open access policy yet. In April 2019, the Centre announced its plan to include research data management plan into grant application form as the first stage of introducing an institutional open access policy.

      The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR) was established in July 2007. It is a governmental agency responsible for the funding of applied scientific research programmes and activities. Its main task is the managing and implementation of strategic scientific research that should lead directly to the development of innovations. NCBR also supports the commercialization of scientific research results.

      Another important research funder is The Foundation for Polish Science, a non-governmental, non-political, non-profit institution.

      More information on the research landscape in Poland can be found on the EURAXESS website.

    National initiatives

  • To be updated soon.

    OpenAIRE statistics

    68,327 OA publications in 473 repositories
  • National policy

    Poland has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet. In 2015 Poland has accepted an initial document that lays a foundation for a future national open access policy. The document, entitled "Directions of the development of open access to research publications and research results in Poland” recommends a move towards open access to all relevant stakeholders.

    Institutional policy

    Institutions with an Open Access Policy:

    Openness Policy of the Polish Medical Platform was introduced for institutions which jointly implement the project „Polish Medical Platform - knowledge and research potential management portal”, 2018:

    • Medical University of Wrocław,
    • Medical University of Białystok,
    • Medical University of Gdańsk,
    • Medical University of Silesia in Katowice,
    • Medical University of Lublin,
    • Medical University of Pomerania in Szczecin,
    • Medical University of Warsaw,
    • Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine in Łódź.

    Funder policy

    Currently, no Polish funder has adopted an Open Access policy yet. In 2018, The National Science Centre (NCN) joined cOAlition S, but it has not developed an Open Access policy yet.

  • Key networks and aggregators

    • A national repository aggregator CeON Agregator integrates 21 repositories.

    Data repositories

    There are 2 data repositories in Poland: the general data repository for open datasets RepOD, and the disciplinary repository of linguistics datasets CLARIN-PL.

    National publishing initiatives

    There are many open journal platforms providing hosting for open access journals published by university presses, among them:
    Pressto, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań,
    Platforma Czasopism Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, University of Lodz,
    Akademicka Platforma Czasopism, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń,
    Czasopisma Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, University of Silesia in Katowice,
    Platforma e-czasopism naukowych na UMCS, Maria Curie Skłodowska University in Lublin,
    Czasopisma UKSW, The Cardinal Wyszyński University in Warsaw,
    Platforma Czasopism Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn,
    Platforma Czasopism Uniwersytetu Papieskiego Jana Pawła II w Krakowie, The Pontifical University of John Paul II,
    Scientific Journals Online, Jagiellonian University.

    National agreements with publishers

    In Poland, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education finances the purchase of country-level or consortial licenses for access to paywalled content from many major academic publishers. The task of negotiating terms of access and preparing deals is assigned to the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling (ICM), University of Warsaw. In December 2018, the Ministry noted that the purchase conditions should refer to the introduction of the Plan S and be based on international solutions and directions. ICM UW has conducted negotiations with Elsevier, Springer Nature, Wiley, Science and Clarivate. A transformative agreement with Springer has been reached („read&publish” agreement for years 2019-2021) and a similar agreement is planned with Wiley in 2020. With Elsevier there is a deal for Scopus database, SciVal tool and a completely new national license for 19 journals from Cell Press collection. Despite few rounds of negotiations Elsevier has not presented a satisfactory offer for the journals from Freedom Collection along with Lancet journals. ICM UW expressed willingness to continue negotiations that will take into account open access publishing model compliant with Plan S. For more information visit website: Wirtualna Biblioteka Nauki (in Polish only).

    31.05.2019, update 

    A new deal with Elsevier has been reached in Poland on May 31, 2019. A three-year national license agreement enables access to 1819 journals, including 1638 current (with volumes from 1995) and 181 archival journals. The licence also covers selected book packages bought in 2015 and 2016: 1712 monographs from 2013 and 2014 and 803 volumes of book series or guide series (handbooks) from 2011-2015. The Elsevier 2019-2021 national license also includes a pilot program that gives authors affiliated with institutions submitted for a license the right to publish in open access in hybrid and gold open access Elsevier journals. The program allows the publication in three subsequent years, respectively, 500, 1000 and 1500 articles from Poland, the cost of which will be financed from the national license fee. The program will be launched in June 2019, when the detailed instructions for the authors will be published. For more information visit:https://wbn.icm.edu.pl/licencje/#elsevier (in Polish only).

    OA books

    There are currently two specialized platforms where academic books in Polish can be accessed: Open the Book and Library of Open Science.
    Additionally, some open access books can be found on the websites of individual academic publishers (especially university presses).

  • National OA pages and resources 

    Platforma Otwartej Nauki, http://pon.edu.pl/index.php/posts

    Otwarta Nauka, https://otwartanauka.pl

    Uwolnij Naukę, https://uwolnijnauke.pl

    Koalicja Otwartej Edukacji, https://koed.org.pl/pl/otwarta-nauka

  • The National Science Centre (NCN) was set up in 2011 as the main governmental agency supporting basic scientific research in Poland. This is achieved through the funding of research projects in all fields of science and humanities, supporting scientific careers of pre-doctoral and doctoral researchers, funding post-doctoral internships, inspiring international cooperation in basic research.

    The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR) was established in 2007 as a governmental agency responsible for the funding of applied scientific research projects and managing strategic research and development programs that lead directly to the development of innovativeness. It’s mission is to “create and use solutions based on scientific research results in order to encourage economy development and to the benefit of society”. NCBR also supports the commercialization of scientific research results.

    The Foundation for Polish Science, another important research funder in Poland, is a non-governmental, non-political and non-profit institution. As the largest source of science funding in Poland outside of the state budget it supports researchers in all fields of science and humanities and promote commercialization of scientific discoveries and inventions.

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