The research landscape in Poland is diverse. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) is responsible for the development and implementation of research policy. The Ministry provides core funding for the statutory activities of various types of research institutions and for large infrastructure investments, and it also supervises the two major governmental granting agencies – the National Science Centre and the National Centre for Research and Development (see below). Higher education institutions play a major role in the landscape. There are currently ca. 470 higher education schools in Poland (including both public and non-public universities and others, see: Higher Education Institutions in Poland. About 40% of these are involved in research activities. The Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) comprises currently ca. 80 research establishments (scientific institutes, research centres, research stations, and other research units) and auxiliary scientific units (archives, libraries, museums, foreign scientific centres). State research institutes (see: Main Council of the Research Institutes) are government-run institutions that conduct R&D work in line with the needs of the national economy and social life.
Together, more than 100,000 researchers work in Poland, and over 40,000 PhD students are pursuing an advanced degree.
Two major govermental agencies are responsible for the bulk of research funding in Poland. The National Science Centre (NCN) was launched in March 2011 as the main governmental agency for funding of basic scientific research. This is achieved through the funding of research grants and fellowships as well as through special research programmes. The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR) was established in July 2007. It is a governmental agency responsible for the funding of applied scientific research programmes and activities. Its main task is the managing and implemention of strategic scientific research that should lead directly to the development of innovations. NCBR also supports the commercialization of scientific research results. Another important research funder in Poland is the Foundation for Polish Science. Additionally, some funding programs are run directly by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. More information on research funding in Poland can be found on the MNiSW, NCN and NCBR websites.
More information on the research landscape in Poland can be found on the EURAXESS website.
Support for Open Access is provided in the Polish system on country level by the OpenAIRE 2020 NOAD, located at the University of Warsaw, and by the National Reference Point, which is the Ministry of Science and Higher Education itself.
Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland runs the National Reference Point.
Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling at the University of Warsaw runs the Open Science Platform, which functions as the NOAD for Poland and also runs several on-line services for Open Science:
Poznań Supercomputing and Networking Center, affiliated to the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences, is involved in many infrastructure projects, including the Open Science project EUDAT.
Academic Computer Centre Cyfronet, affiliated to the University of Science and Technology in Cracow, is another infrastructure centre in Poland; it is engaged in the EGI project.
Coalition for Open Education is an alliance of organizations that work actively towards Open Science and Open Education.
Centrum Cyfrowe is a non-governmental organization that works in the area of Open Government, Open Culture and Open Science.
Poland has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet. In 2015 Poland has accepted an initial document that lays a foundation for a future national open access policy. The document, entitled "Directions of the development of open access to research publications and research results in Poland”, recommends a move towards open access to all relevant stakeholders. A national open access strategy is under preparation.
Very few institutional mandates are in force in Poland.
Currently, no Polish funder has adopted an Open Access policy yet.
There are many open journal platforms in Poland: university platforms, such as Pressto from the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań and Akademicka Platforma Czasopism from the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, as well as the country-level platform Library of Science.
In Poland, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education finances the purchase of country-level or consortial licenses for access to paywalled content from many major academic publishers, for more please click here. As part of this initiative, a Springer OpenChoice program is financed for all authors affiliated in Polish institutions.
For OpenAIRE materials developed by Poland, please click here.