The Government and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (MCTES) have defined as a priority the commitment of science to the principles and practices of Open Science. They are therefore engaged in the elaboration and implementation of a National Open Science Policy based on the statement that Knowledge belongs to all and is for all. In pursuit of this goal, the MCTES published in February 2016 a document with the Guiding Principles for Open Science and in March 2016, the Council of Ministers approved a resolution with the guidelines for the National Open Science Policy and mandated the MCTES to create an Interministerial Working Group (WG-NOSP). The National Open Science Policy will be presented to the public in 2018, subject to discussion.
In Portugal, the development of Open Access has mostly been carried out by the universities, which have taken different initiatives to expand access to research information. The first Portuguese Open Access initiatives were initiated by the University of Minho with the creation of RepositóriUM - its institutional repository (October 2003) and the subsequent definition of a pioneering self-archiving policy (January 2005). In the middle of 2008, the RCAAP (Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal = Portugal Open Access Science Repository) initiative was established.
At the national level there are several institutional mandates, currently 26 see ROARMAP.
Portugal has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet.
The open access repositories activities in Portugal are undergoing a strong momentum as the reflex of the growing interest and involvement of the Portuguese academic and scientific community in the questions related with Open Access to scientific literature.
In Portugal, the development of Open Access has mostly been carried out by the universities, who have taken different initiatives to expand access to research information. The first Portuguese Open Access initiatives were initiated by the University of Minho with the creation of RepositóriUM - its institutional repository (October 2003) and the subsequent definition of a pioneering self-archiving policy (January 2005). In early 2008, CRUP resent to the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (MCTES) by resending the Conference of Rectors of the Portuguese Universities Declaration on Open Access and stated its support for the recommendations from the European University Association (EUA) Working Group on Open Access. In the middle of 2008, the RCAAP (Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal = Portugal Open Access Science Repository) initiative was established. The RCAAP initiative aims to increase the visibility, accessibility and dissemination of Portuguese research outputs, as well integrating Portugal worldwide in this domain. RCAAP Portal: collects, aggregates and indexes open access scientific contents from Portuguese institutional repositories, and forms a single entry point for searching, discovery and viewing thousands of scientific and scholarly publications.The main components of the RCAAP project are the following:
Currently, there are in Portugal 51 scientific open access repositories in a production stage and aggregated in the national portal - RCAAP Portal. Altogether, the running IR’s, gather more than 427 442 scientific documents in open access. The repositories which seem to have higher degrees of success are those with self-archiving policies implemented.
In the 2010, within the RCAAP project activities it was produced a report on the subject of research data: "Open data Repositories: State of the Art". This study marked the beginning of the RCAAP intervention on the domain of data curation generated by research activities, its organization in scientific data repositories and their access. Besides collecting updated information on the subject and the most relevant initiatives related to the management and access to scientific data through repositories, the objective of this document was also to inform and guide the development of a pilot project repository of scientific data.
Currently, there are 51 scientific open access repositories in a production stage and aggregated in the national portal - RCAAP Portal. At local level, there are also known some initiatives and pilot projects regarding research data in early stages of development. See also: RCAAP (pilot) R3DATA.
In Portugal the publishing of scientific journals is mainly administered by the active scientific societies within each respective research field. In most cases, journal subscription is connected to a membership and is offered as a membership benefit, mostly in printed form. The number of Open Access journals in Portugal currently is low and there aren’t many examples of institutional memberships for OA publishing in journals. The only two examples registered in recent years were University of Minho and Faculty of Medical Sciences - New University of Lisbon which had a membership with BioMed Central but it is currently discontinued.
The Fundação para a Computação Científica Nacional (FCCN) joined the consortium SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) representing Portugal.In 2005 a Portuguese section of the SciELO project (on Open Access publication) was announced and released. The Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) is an electronic virtual library covering selected scientific journals collections from Latin America, Spain and Portugal. Currently the Portuguese section of the SciELO project, Scielo Portugal, hosts 44 open access journals published by Portuguese entities and the Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ) references 66 scientific open access journals published in Portugal.In 2011, a new RCAAP initiative, designated: Scientific Journal called Hosting Service (SARC), was devised to foster the development and facilitate the management of Portuguese journals in open access and assist them in the transition to the open access publication paradigm, making the editorial cycle more efficient and advertising content by providing tools for sustaining these journals, based on the best practices and by using the Open Journal System (OJS) platform.Nationally, in the field of open access journals there have been other interesting initiatives in some institutions to promote quality improvement, like project Blimunda which promoted a better knowledge of the Portuguese spectrum regarding self-archiving policies of publishers and national scientific journals.
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