United Kingdom

United Kingdom

National Open Access Desk

  • Frank C. Manista |
    • Most government funding for research in UK universities is directed through Research Councils UK (RCUK), Wellcome Trust, and UK Research and Innovation. Those three funders have all adopted mandates for open access dissemination of the research outputs that they fund. Major charity funders include, Cancer Research UK and British Heart Foundation, both of whom have open access policies. Further information on funding requirements and publisher policies in the UK and internationally are available through the Sherpa/JULIET and Sherpa/ROMEO services.

      Jisc and Jisc Collections have been foremost in their efforts to promote open access initiatives: promoting the desiderata for what publishers could do; the designing and building of such services as the Publications Router and Jisc Monitor, and the continued development of Counter compliant metrics through IRUS. RIOXX standards also are aligned with various UK repositories and with the work done for OpenAIRE Advance.

      Support and landscape

      • At a national level, Jisc offers open access support to its own members and as the National Open Access Desk (NOAD) for OpenAIRE2020.  

        For queries regarding OA in general:

        • For queries regarding Jisc Monitor:
        • For queries regarding Jisc Publications Router:

        For anything to do with your UK project funded by FP7 or Horizon 2020,or anything regarding the FP7 post-grant pilot, please email us:

      National initiatives

      • There are currently 276 repositories containing full-text content within the UK (Source: OpenDOAR, Sept 2018). This figure includes institutional and disciplinary repositories.

      OpenAIRE statistics

      6888954 OA publications in 1597 repositories
    • National policy

      The key purposes of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) include:

      • to inform the selective allocation of funding for research
      • to provide accountability for public investment in research and produce evidence of the benefits of this investment
      • to provide benchmarking information and establish reputational yardsticks, for use in the higher education sector and for public information.

      This major exercise is undertaken by the four UK higher education funding bodies (the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales, the Scottish Funding Council and the Department for the Economy in Northern Ireland).

      The REF was first conducted in 2014, replacing the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE).

      The development of the next exercise is now well underway:

      • A consultation on the implementation of the next REF was undertaken in early 2017. Initial decisions resulting from the consultation are due to be published in August 2017.
      • An Interdisciplinary Research Advisory Panel (IDAP) has been appointed.
      • An Equality and Diversity Advisory Panel (EDAP) has been appointed.

      The four main REF panel chairs have been appointed.

      Institutional policy

      For institutional OA policies, please consult the following links:

      Funder policy

    • Key networks and aggregators

      • CORE: https://core.ac.uk/

        CORE is jointly run service between Jisc and the Open University. It is an aggregation of open access content from the UK and worldwide repositories and open access journals. It provides a range of services at a single point of interaction: aggregation, search, discovery, analytics, API for text mining access. It offers services to librarians, research managers to provide business intelligence functions to support quality management and also management and compliance reporting.
        The service aggregates all open access content distributed across different repository systems worldwide, enriches this content and provides access through a range of services. The aggregated content includes metadata (currently 80m records) and open access research outputs (currently 8.3m full text items) from more than 1000 repositories, from 10,351 journals in the UK and worldwide (currently 70 countries). The Open University’s activity with the OpenMinted project http://openminted.eu/ (providing connectors to publisher OA content from Elsevier, Springer, Frointiers, PLoS ) has also resulted in more OA content (1,831,977) for CORE. CORE interoperates with OpenAIRE by passing all UK RIOXX records (metadata that complies to UK OA policies) to covert to OpenAIRE compliance where applicable.

      Data repositories

      There are 273 national repositories from the UK listed in Re3Data.

      National publishing initiatives


      National agreements with publishers


      OA books

      No information available.

    • At a national level, Jisc offers open access support to its own members and as the National Open Access Desk (NOAD) for OpenAIRE Advance.  

      For queries regarding OA in general:

      • For queries regarding Jisc Monitor:
      • For queries regarding Jisc Publications Router:

      For anything to do with your UK project funded by Horizon 2020, please email us and indicate that it is in relation to OpenAIRE in the subject line:

    • Funding Agencies

      The United Kingdom has 63 funding agencies which are listed here:

      Other funding agencies are
      • Research Councils UK
      • UK National Funders
      • Wellcome Trust
      Integrated in OpenAIRE

      The United Kingdom has 2 funding agency integrated in OpenAIRE:

      • Research Councils UK
      • Wellcome Trust


      See also Monitor Statistics of United Kingdom RCUK and Wellcome Trust

    flag black white lowOpenAIRE-Advance receives
    funding from the European 
    Union's Horizon 2020 Research and
    Innovation programme under Grant
    Agreement No. 777541.


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