In Portugal the publishing of scientific journals is mainly administered by the active scientific societies within each respective research field. In most cases, journal subscription is connected to a membership and is offered as a membership benefit, mostly in printed form. The number of Open Access journals in Portugal currently is low and there aren’t many examples of institutional memberships for OA publishing in journals. The Fundação para a Computação Científica Nacional (FCCN) has joined the consortium SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) representing Portugal. In 2005 a Portuguese section of the SciELO project (on Open Access publication) was announced and released. In 2011, the RCAAP initiative, designated: Scientific Journal called Hosting Service (SARC), was devised to foster the development and facilitate the management of Portuguese journals in open access and assist them in the transition to the open access publication paradigm, making the editorial cycle more efficient and advertising content by providing tools for sustaining these journals, based on the best practices and by using the Open Journal System (OJS) platform. Nationally, in the field of open access journals there have been other interesting initiatives in some institutions to promote quality improvement, like project Blimunda which promoted a better knowledge of the Portuguese spectrum regarding self-archiving policies of publishers and national scientific journals.
There is also the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), an electronic virtual library covering selected scientific journals collections from Latin America, Spain and Portugal. Currently the Portuguese section of the SciELO project, Scielo Portugal, hosts 68 open access journals published by Portuguese entities and the Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ) references more than 60 scientific open access journals published in Portugal.
Pursuing the coherence and internal robustness for Portuguese publishing a new project is being developed, PubIn Project. The project is developed by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Fundação para a Computação Científica Nacional (FCT/FCCN) and by Universidade do Minho (UM), in order to address the current situation of scientific publication, which is characterised by verticalized management at the editorial level when it comes to providing services (scientific journals); insufficient interoperability among themselves and obsolescence of platforms in use, along with a lack of publishing management skills.
The SCIELO Portugal will also benefit from this project has it will be reconfigured so that it can adopt the recommendations issued by SCIELO regarding the use of the JATS-XML format. It will imply the customization of the new systems, necessary to make the information available in this format.
RCAAP still makes available the service SARC: Scientific Journal called Hosting Service in order to develop and facilitate the open access Portuguese journals management and assist them in the transition to the new paradigm of Open Science publishing, towards a more efficient and well communicated editorial cycle, by providing tools for sustaining these journals, based on best practices and by using Open Journal System (OJS). Currently SARC hosts 22 journals from several institutions and more than 9800 publications.