OA in Austria
The National Research Environment
Major research funding bodies
Austrian Science Fund FWF
The Austrian Science Fund (FWF) is Austria's central funding organization for basic research. The purpose of the FWF is to support the ongoing development of Austrian science and basic research at a high international level. In this way, the FWF makes a significant contribution to cultural development, and to the advancement of our knowledge-based society.
Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG)
The Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) is the national funding institution for applied industrial research in Austria. The FFG offers a comprehensive range of services for Austrian enterprises, research institutions and researchers – from the management of public funding programmes to consulting services in all phases of technology development and innovation, from support for integration into European research programmes and networks to the promotion of Austria's interests at the European and the international level.
Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft (aws)
Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft mbH (aws) is the Austrian federal promotional bank. It assists companies in their implementation of innovative projects by granting loans, awarding subsidies and issuing guarantees at favourable interest rates, particularly in cases in which it is not possible for these companies to obtain the necessary funds in a sufficient amount from other sources of financing. In addition, it provides support in the form of specific information, advisory and other services to prospective, established and expanding companies.
Research funding Ministries
Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (bmvit)
Information about funding programs and open tenderings are available mainly in German on the ministries websites. A service called Förderkompass is provided by the bmvit which aggregates information about current different research funding programs and institutions.
Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (bmwfw)
There is a broad overview about research in Austria and current research programs and projects. Furthermore an initiative called Der Forschungsatlas provides all links and records in social media about research in Austria in real time. Information about funding programs and open tenderings are available mainly in German on the ministries websites.
Further funding bodies
Academy of Sciences (OeAW)
The OeAW as the largest non-university research institution cultivates discourse and the cooperation between science, the public, politics and the economy and practices applied and open basic research at its 29 institutes at the highest international level.
As a public institution, the OAeW advances national and international scientific cooperation, offers researchers far-reaching advancement and career-development opportunities and supports up-and-coming scientists with fellowships as well as training and advanced training. The OAW sustainably supports the development of Austria as an innovative and future-proof knowledge-based society.
Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (LBG)
Founded in 1960, the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (LBG) is the parent organisation of the 13 Ludwig Boltzmann Institutes (LBIs) and five Ludwig Boltzmann Clusters (LBCs). The institutes and clusters conduct leading-edge research in life sciences as well as social sciences, humanities, the arts and cultural studies. The work done at the LBIs and LBCs constitutes the LBG’S unique research portfolio. Named after the famous Austrian physicist, mathematician and philosopher Ludwig Boltzmann, the LBG still takes its lead from his wide range of academic interests, by pursuing interdisciplinary approaches. The LBG is financed by a mix of public and private funding, and the LBIs and LBCs employ a total of approximately 550 people. Since the comprehensive reorganisation of the LBG in 2002, LBIs can only be established on the basis of calls for proposals and must operate under the scrutiny of international expert review.
Christian Doppler Research Association (CDG)
The Christian Doppler Research Association promotes the cooperation between science and business. Specifically, this takes place in specially established research units with fixed terms, in which application-orientated basic research is pursued: Christian Doppler Laboratories at universities and non-university research institutions, Josef Ressel Centres at universities of applied sciences.
Under the direction of highly qualified scientists, research groups work in close contact with the commercial partners on innovative responses to business-related research issues.
Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB)
The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has a long tradition of promoting research: Through its Anniversary Fund, the OeNB supports outstanding scientific work above all in the field of economics and medicine, but also projects related to the social sciences and the humanities.
In addition, the OeNB sponsors a number of grants and awards, such as the Klaus Liebscher Award or the Olga Radzyner Award, and offers a visiting research program for young scientists.
Austrian Partnership Programme in Higher Education & Research for Development (APPEAR)
APPEAR is a programme of the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) with the aim to implement its strategy for support of higher education and research for development on an academic institutional level in the ADC’s southern priority countries and key regions and in three priority countries of the South Caucasus and Black Sea Region.
The overall objective is to strengthen the institutional capacities in higher education, research and management in the addressed countries through Academic Partnerships with Austrian higher education institutions and master’s and PhD scholarships as a contribution to effective and sustainable reduction of poverty.
Commission of Development Research at the OeAD–GmbH (KEF)
The Commission for Development Research at the OeAD-GmbH (KEF) aims at bridging the gap between science and development by supporting a development-oriented approach in research and science. The main principle is the incorporation of the development policy approach in science and research.
National projects and initiatives
Open Access Network Austria (OANA)
The OANA was established in 2012 as a joint activity under the organisational umbrella of FWF and UNIKO.
The network ties in with the uniko Open-Access Recommendation (12.01.2010) and the FWF-Positionpaper (17.01.2012) and develops specific recommendations for the implementation of Open Access in Austria. In November 2015 the OANA has released 16 recommendations for the transition towards Open Access in Austria published in the paper Recommendations for the Transition to Open Access in Austria.
- Coordination of and recommendations for the Austrian OA-task/ activities of research institutions, funding organisations and research policies (including international developments)
- Positioning towards the information providers (mainly publishing houses)
- Contact persons and source of information for scientists, research institutions and (research-) policies
Austrian Transition to Open Access - AT2OA
Promoted by the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW) "Austrian Transition to Open Access - AT2OA" is a new project involving 21 Austrian Universities under the lead of the University of Vienna. Its aim is to contribute to the transformation from Closed to Open Access of scholarly publications. The funding pool (Hochschulraumstrukturmittel HRSM) of the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and the Economy is being used as seed funding for cooperation projects across Austrian Universities, the goal being to promote lasting positive effects and importantly an increase of efficiency in the field of administration and innovation for teachers and students.
Supporting measures for the transition to Open Access include the redesigning of licence agreements with publishers, as well as, spurring researchers into publishing through Open Access agreements and encouraging new Open Access strategies for publications.
The following topics will be organised in sub-projects: (1) analysis of potential impacts of an Open Access transition, (2) funding of Open Access business models, (3) establishment of Open Access publication funds and (4) promotion of Open Access publications and alternative Open Access publication models.
e-Infrastructures Austria and its follow-up project e-Infrastructures Austria PLUS
In November 2016, the last General Assembly of e-Infrastructures Austria took place at the University of Vienna. The importance of this project has been demonstrated in its results and the many initiatives which have subsequently arisen out of it.
Notably, a survey on the handling of research data in Austria was conducted, directed at the scientific and artistic-scientific personnel of 20 public universities and three extramural research institutions in Austria. Consequently templates for data management plans and a Model Policy for Research Data Management (RDM) at Austrian Research Institutions were prepared, as well as, publications e.g. guidelines, FAQ’s and other deliverables from cluster groups. In addition to this, the success of this project can be found in the implementation of repositories across Austrian research institutions and in the eminent follow-up project.
In January 2017 e-Infrastructures PLUS started as a project within 9 Universities, coordinated by the University of Innsbruck. Like the previous project it is funded by the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and the Economy (HRSM). The project’s main focus is on 1) analyzing reference projects, 2) implementing a road-map based approach on, for instance, research data management policies, standardized metadata, persistent identifiers, as well as, provisioning for uses within schooling while underpinning relevant support, and 3) building technical infrastructures.
Digital Humanities Austria (DHA)
Digital Humanities Austria is a platform for the dissemination of the digital paradigm in Austrian humanities studies. The virtual network is run jointly by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the University of Vienna and the University of Graz, is supported by these institutions and the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy and will serve as a staging area for all kinds of DH research activities.
AuSSDA – the Austrian Social Science Data Archive
AuSSDA – the Austrian Social Science Data Archive has a mission to become a leading supplier of social science data in Austria. As a certified repository, AuSSDA will systematically collect, document and disseminate digital quantitative data and will guarantee its long-term availability, along with any accompanying documentation, while adhering to international standards. Its main data so far consists of survey data from sociology and political sciences. By putting open access first, wherever possible, data usage can be extended beyond the Austrian and international scientific community.
AuSSDA is based at Vienna University Library and Archive Services with partners at the Universities in Linz and Graz. This new social science archive has received funding (HRSM) from the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, ensuring the archive’s work until late 2019. After an evaluation period, the infrastructure will hopefully be integrated within the organizational and infrastructural settings of the universities, making it an integral part of the Austrian social science community. Being the official Service Provider for Austria, AuSSDA is integrated within the European ESFRI roadmap via its membership in the Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA).
Open Education Austria
Open Education Austria started as a new project to set up a national infrastructure for Open Educational Resources (OER). Services of e-learning centres, computer centres and libraries of the partnering universities will be linked together to support lecturers in creating these educational resources. In support of these aims, a consulting service for media didactics, infrastructure for video production, e-tutors, a clearing body for copyright issues and a portal to publish these educational resources (corresponding to the owner principle under a Creative Commons License) will be developed. The project is founded by Federal Ministry of Science, Research and the Economy (HRSM).
Institutions with an Open Access Policy
University of Vienna
Commission of Development Research at the OeAD-GmbH (KEF)
Open Access publishing
Austrian Open Access Journals listed by the DOAJ
The Directory of Open Access Journals lists 37 Austrian journals by May 2017
Open Journal Systems at Austrian Institutions
Being affiliated with the University of Vienna, you are invited to use this software for the management and the publication of your journal. This free service is offered by the library and ZID.
This service is offered by the University of Innsbruck.
This Service is offered by the Library of the University of Graz.
Open Journal Systems (OJS), TU Graz
This free service is offered by the ZID.
This service is offered by the Austrian Academy of Sciences Press.
Open Access repositories
Austrian Open Access Repositories listed in OpenDOAR
The Directory of Open Access Repositories lists 28 Austrian Repositories by May 2017.
Open Data repositories
Austrian Open Data Repositories listed in re3data.org
The Registry of Research Data Repositories lists 30 Datarepositories where Austrian Institutions are involved by May 2017.
Useful links and resources
Open Access Office at the University of Vienna
Creative Commons Austria
Open Access Plattform für Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz
P. Kraker, D. Dörler, A. Ferus, R. Gutounig, F. Heigl, C. Kaier, … E. Wandl-Vogt, (2016). The Vienna Principles: A Vision for Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.34079
B. Bauer, G. Blechl, Ch. Bock, P. Danowski, A. Ferus; A. Graschopf, Th. König, K. Mayer, F. Reckling; K. Rieck P. Seitz, H. Stöger, E. Welzig: Empfehlungen für die Umsetzung von Open Access in Österreich. (2015) Zenodo. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.33178
B. Bauer, G. Blechl, Ch. Bock, P. Danowski, A. Ferus; A. Graschopf, Th. König, K. Mayer, F. Reckling; K. Rieck P. Seitz, H. Stöger, E. Welzig: Recommendations for the Transition to Open Access in Austria. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.34079
N. Schmidt: Der Goldene Weg des Open Access zum funktionalen Publikationswesen. Handlungsoptionen für die Universität Wien (The Golden Road of Open Access to a Functional Publishing System. Courses of Action for the University of Vienna), in: u:scholar – Institutional Repository der Univ. Wien (2014), https://phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:337723.
B. Sánchez Solis: Factors for Enabling Sharing and Reuse of Research Data, in: Phaidra (2014), https://phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:343651.
Contact details of the National Open Access Desk in Austria
Gerda McNeill, Anna-Laetitia Hikl and Melanie Stummvoll University of Vienna