OA in Norway
THE NATIONAL RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT
There are eight universities, twelve university colleges and several other higher education institutions in Norway. In addition there are more than 60 research institutions.
CERES, National Center for Systems and Services for Research and Studies is national coordinator for the Norwegian Open Access strategy. CERES, previously known as CRIStin, is owned by the Ministry of Education and Research.
MAJOR NORWEGIAN RESEARCH FUNDER AND OPEN ACCESS MANDATES
The major Norwegian research funder is the Norwegian Research Council:
There are also some minor public and private funders
The Norwegian Research Council has had an Open Access policy since 2009. The policy mandates that all research articles from NRC funded projects shall be deposited and made available in a repository with an embargo of no more than six months for STM and twelve months for SSH.
In order to stimulate Open Access publishing the Norwegian Research Council will cover up to 50% of APCs in Gold Open Access journals in the period 2015-2019
NATIONAL OPEN ACCESS STRATEGY
The Ministry of Education and Research received a commissioned report from a working group in June 2016 with recommendations on national guidelines for Open Access to research results. The guidelines have been on an extensive hearing and a revised version will most likely be effectuated during 2017.
From 2017 Norwegian journals within the Humanities and Social Sciences that receive funding from NRC will be Gold Open Access. A consortium managed by CERES will be formed to manage the 50% cost of publication which is not covered by the NRC. A publication committee will ensure the quality of the journals to be selected.
A national repository consortium, BIBSYS Brage, operates shared electronic publishing system on behalf of 56 institutions. In addition some eight institutions maintain their own repository. All 65 of these are harvested by NORA, the Norwegian Open Research Archive, which is OpenAIRE compliant