OA in Spain
The National Research Environment
Major Spanish research funders
EC research funding in Spain
Open Access and Repositories
Institutional efforts have been raising awareness, supported as well by the infrastructure needed in the form of institutional repositories. Nevertheless, support services focused on open access seem to be lacking in many institutions.
Additionally, a flagship project developed in collaboration by the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT) and the Network of Spanish University Libraries (REBIUN) created the platform RECOLECTA, a nationwide infrastructure of open access scientific repositories, providing services to repository managers, researchers and decision makers. About 73 repositories, mainly institutional, are being harvested by RECOLECTA, besides other resources such as open access journals.
Open Access projects and initiatives
- RECOLECTA. A joint program of REBIUN/FECYT to promote, support and coordinate the cohesive development of the Spanish digital repositories infrastructure for open access, dissemination and preservation of Spanish publicly funded research results, and to develop, or allow third parties to develop, services and functionalities over those scientific results for researchers and the wider community. Additionally, RECOLECTA organizes periodically working groups, fostering discussion on topics related to open access and providing recommendations to the community. A good example of that can be found on the Working Group on “The depositing and management of data in Open Access” and their conclusions can be found in a report on preservation and reuse of scientific data in Spain.
- e-ciencia. (Consorcio Madroño, Madrid) harvester for public universities in the region, including UNED (National Distance Education University of Spain) and the CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) repositories.
- Research Group “acceso abierto a la ciencia”. The Research Group's goal is to become a source of information about Open Access and a forum for discussion and sharing experiences. The portal offers valuable tools for authors:
- Maredata: Spanish network about research open data in which are taking part 7 institutions (CSIC-IATA, CSIC-INGENIO-UV, UA, UB, UC3M, UOC, UPV), with research lines related to research data management, such as: interoperability, publication, access, preservation or impact. Their aim is to coordinate those research activities and to contribute to a open science framework in Spain.
Open Access Repositories
For instance, a remarkable example is the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) repository Digital CSIC, which archives over 100.000 documents, including research data.
Additionally, library consortia play a key role in the creation of repositories, especially in Catalonia (CBUC) and Madrid (Consorcio Madroño) whose respective territories account for most of the existing institutional repositories in Spain.
The materials held in the repositories vary greatly, but full-text research articles and doctoral theses are the most frequently deposited. The vast majority of repositories contain both metadata of the text documents and the full-text documents. With regard to the type of availability, most of the materials (64%) are available in open access from the moment they are deposited and only 19%, such as articles with publisher restrictions, are subject to some type of embargo. Nevertheless, the materials deposited represent only a small portion of the entire scientific production of the institutions.
Some initiatives are taking steps forward related to research data both developing policies and infrastructure, but also designing new services to support researchers and fostering capacity building among librarians. Particularly, Madroño is gathering their main services through their website InvestigaM, starting from the DMP tool Pagoda till their new data repository e-Ciencia-datos. CSUC has also developed a tool to support the creation of DMPs Pla de Gestió de Dades de Recerca, besides a different set of guidelines to support researchers.
Open Access publishing
Taking a look into some numbers, the DOAJ indexes about 510 open access Spanish journals, therefore, about the 5.4% of the total journals in the database (2017). With regards to self-archiving policies, most of the Spanish journals contained in the Dulcinea database (76.31%) allow this kind of activity to authors.
An initiative promoted by FECYT to assess Spanish scientific journals, awarding them with a seal of quality in case of success, also fosters open access publishing, giving the journals extra punctuation in case of choosing this publishing model.
Useful links and resources
- Recommendations for the Implementation of Article 37 of the Spanish Science, Technology and Innovation Act: Open Access Dissemination
- The preservation and reuse of scientific data in Spain. Report of the good practices working group
- Spanish University and Research Repositories
- Consortia Repositories
- OS Repositorios mailing list, created by an working group of librarians, researchers and other professionals from a variety of institutions in Spain, to discuss around the implementation of open access repositories.