OpenAIRE in EOSC: Where we Contribute

The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) arises from the EC’s aim to promote the access and reuse of research data which comes out of publicly funded research. As such implementing Open Science (OS) policies, workflows and infrastructures throughout all corners of the European research sphere are critical to make EOSC work. EOSC is a co-created set of services and interests for many of its users, with an open governance structure and a space for bottom-up innovation and a long term pillar of the Digital Single Market.

Below is an overview of how OpenAIRE contributes actively to EOSC.

OpenAIRE White Paper: "Achieving Open Science in the European Open Science Cloud: Setting out OpenAIRE's vision and contribution to EOSC"

Read the OpenAIRE White paper for a detailed overview of where OpenAIRE is placed in EOSC.

1. A European Open Science network.

OpenAIRE has a large network in every member state and beyond. It consists of Open Science experts in HEIs, data centres, and infrastructure consortia who give regular training and advice at national level about all aspects of Open Science.

They actively promote the concept of OS and supporting new ways of communicating science and embedding new workflows in daily practice.

Where OpenAIRE NOADs sit in the EOSC EcosphereFig.1: Where OpenAIRE NOADs sit in the EOSC Ecosphere

2. Open Science policies and support

Supporting OS mandates across Europe is a strategic priority: For over ten years OpenAIRE has supported the EC implement its Open Access and Open Science requirements. See the overview of Open Science at member state level via our country pages.

This happens in the following two ways:

  • Open Science policy implementation at all levels:  this includes national helpdesks via our National Open Access Desks (NOADs), who support Open Science policy development and adoption in collaboration with national policy makers, funders and administrators of research performing organizations. See our OS Policy templates
  • Training and support: NOADs provide training and run national helpdesks advising on Open Access, Research Data Management and Open Science. See our Support materials and resources.

3. Alignment

To implement EOSC, alignment with European infrastructures is a must in order to be able to work together in complementary areas.

OpenAIRE works with the following initiatives

  • EOSC hub: In 2018 both projects signed a collaboration agreement to work collaboratively on Service integration, Training and Engagement. They have produced a number of white papers, see here.
  • GÉANT is working with OpenAIRE to co-organise training events, engagement and AAI alignment.
  • EOSC portal: OpenAIRE contributes to the coordination of the EOSC portal with content updates, dissemination activities, and conveys the community feedback on the portal for future improvements.

4. Supporting a Research Commons

OpenAIRE’s technical infrastructure is comprised of following layers:

  • The Services Layer consists of all services in institutional, national, European/RIs settings.  A nucleus of the decentralized Research Commons, reflecting the diversity of Europe with local practices and investments, providing the agility and flexibility for innovation
  • The Content Interoperability Layer is based on a compliance framework that
    • (i) dictates and applies the rules of how the data elements are published, shared and re-used, and
    • (ii) implements the Open Research Graph, i.e., an interlinked space where every research output comes with its context (related entities), provenance (full data and science path) and access and usage information
  • The Access Interoperability Layer assures a uniform delivery of services and data for EOSC.  Through a B2B mechanism for sharing and access it brings non-regulatory measures such as recommended standard contract terms for services and data access, specifications for quality (certification), security and privacy (including trust and identity), and ensures these are applied throughout.  It also supports categorization (to simplify browsing), curation (to deliver quality), cataloguing (to offer intelligent discovery), crowdsourcing (to engage researchers for active participation)
  • The Monitoring Layer: Usage of all outputs needs to be tracked be they policies or services of data. OpenAIRE collects and normalises this data for all EOSC services, reflecting user uptake and also contributing to overall monitoring and assessment in research.

“To develop the national open science policy and workplan, the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport is planning to set up a task force for open science by the end of 2019."




"The human aspect anchors the massive potential of the tools and services that technology provides through a combination of sound governance, shared policies and the progressive and systematic training for Open Science. This involves both researchers and data scientists, librarians and research administrators, repository managers and data centre staff - in short of all the active inhabitants of the entire ecosystem of knowledge creation in the European Research Area”




"On the national level we initiated the TONuS (Team for Open Science in Serbia), which started working to include all stake-holders in Serbia, from researchers, via e-infrastructure and libraries to policy and funder decision makers (Ministry). All OS-facilitators in EU projects are also member of this group."

5. The OpenAIRE Network in EOSC

The following people from our network are active in EOSC working groups bringing their relevant expertise:

Architecture Paolo Manghi OpenAIRE Technical Director
Sustainability Gintare Tautkeviciene Kaunas University of Technology
Landscape Biljana Kosanovic
Vasiliki Koukounidou
Eloy Rodrigues
University of Belgrade
University of Cyprus
University of Minho
FAIR Liisi Lembinen
Pedro Principe
University of Tartu
University of Minho
Rules of Participation

Wolfram Horstmann
Lia Ollandezou

University of Göttingen

HEAL-Link

EOSC Executive Board Natalia Manola OpenAIRE Managing Director
Training Natalia Manola 

Iryna Kuchma

Ieva Cesevičiūtė

Judit Fazekas-Paragh
Emma Lazzeri
OpenAIRE Managing Director
EIFL

Kaunas University of Technology
University of Debrecen

CNR-ISTI

6. OpenAIRE SERVICES in EOSC

11 OpenAIRE EOSC next steps Fig. 3: OpenAIRE services placed in EOSC


7. The three layers of OpenAIRE activities in EOSC

The 3 layers of OpenAIRE activities
Liisi Lembinen, University of TartuUniversity of Tartu Library is actively involved in spreading Open Science culture in Estonia. For this purpose, the library is heavily involved in establishing Open Science policy framework (including OS competence center), teaching research data management, introducing OS requirements in publishing and funding, organizing dissemination events, and engaging in OS related collaborations in Estonia and Europe.
A “Research Commons” that is collaboratively developed and managed by Europe’s research communities. Interconnecting both digital and human resources, EOSC adds new value to existing infrastructures, via frictionless data flow, intelligent discovery and retrieval of scientific output, as well as homogenized and secure access to services that transfer, store and analyse data.
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