Croatia
Last updated on 
07 September 2020

National Open Access Desk

Rudjer Boskovic Institute
  • Overview

    Support and Landscape

    Croatia is part of the European Research Area (ERA) and supports open science through different Open Access initiatives. Numerous bottom-up initiatives at the national level make Croatia a vibrant OA environment. Open Access movement started in Croatia in 1997 with the Croatian scientific bibliography CROSBI introducing OA repository functions from the very beginning. Since then, several OA national initiatives started like Who’s Who in Science in Croatia, HRČAK repository of the Croatian OA journals, ŠESTAR repository of the scientific equipment, DABAR infrastructure for OA institutional repositories, etc.
    There are nine public universities (Zagreb, Split, Rijeka, Osijek, Zadar, Dubrovnik, Pula and Slavonski Brod) and 30 public and private polytechnic institutes, with more than 180.000 students enrolled. Research in Croatia is also conducted by 25 public institutes and six technology centres. There are approximately 11.500 active researchers in Croatia. The largest university in Croatia is the University of Zagreb with more than 70.000 enrolled students, and the largest research institute is Ruđer Bošković Institute with more than 550 researchers.

    National Initiatives

    Three public bodies play a major role in the consolidation of the research at the national level in terms of:
    • strategy with the Ministry of Science and Education (MSE)
    • funding with the Croatian Science Foundation (HRZZ)
    • development and assessment with the National Council for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development (NCSHETD) and Agency for Science and Higher Education.

    Croatian Ministry of Science and Education (MSE) is the primary national policy-maker, responsible for planning, funding and the research assessment. The Advisory board of the Croatian Ministry of Science and Education is the National Council for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development (NCSHETD), responsible for the development of science. Expert body of NCSHETD is the Agency for Science and Higher Education which proposes criteria for budgetary financing of scientific activity and higher education. The dialogue among national key-players concerning open science agenda should be continuous.
    Croatia implements several instruments, programs and policies intending to develop a substantial and strategic research policy, such as Strategy of education, science and technology (in Croatian), Croatian Research and Innovation Infrastructures Roadmap and Strategy for Fostering Innovation of the Republic of Croatia 2014-2020, aiming to provide recommendations for the establishment of a comprehensive R&I environment, to strengthen the Croatian national innovation system (NIS) and provide an efficient framework to foster the competitiveness of Croatian R&D and economy in general, through innovation and technological development. There are some mentions of Open Access in the Croatian strategic documents. Still, in general, Croatian strategic documents are not considering Open Science agenda and Open Access to scientific publications and research data.

    Croatian Science Foundation (CSF) is the central institution for funding competitive research projects since 2009. It provides support to scientific, higher education and technological programs and projects, fosters international cooperation, and helps the realization of scientific programs of particular interest in the field of fundamental, applied and developmental research. CSF also develops and implements various sets of financial instruments for a research career, including post-doc fellowships.

    Another funder is Croatian Agency for SMEs, Innovations and Investments (HAMAG-BICRO) was founded by the Croatian Government in 1998, to support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, improving the innovation process and encouraging investments. It is a central institution in the national innovation system for supporting innovation and technology advancement. The Agency’s main objective is the strategic creation of a unified system that would provide support to entrepreneurs through all development stages of operation starting from research and development of an idea to commercialization and placement on the market.

    More details on R&I system in Croatia for 2015, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies, can be found in RIO Country Report 2015 Croatia.

    Data on Croatian research output related to the researchers, organizations, and research grants are available via the Croatian Scientific Bibliography CROSBI and used for research evaluation. Research libraries offer support to researchers regarding open access to publications and research data by building and managing open science infrastructure, enabling them the compliancy with Article 29.2 of the H2020 grant agreement.

  • Overview

    Support and Landscape

    Croatia is part of the European Research Area (ERA) and supports open science through different Open Access initiatives. Numerous bottom-up initiatives at the national level make Croatia a vibrant OA environment. Open Access movement started in Croatia in 1997 with the Croatian scientific bibliography CROSBI introducing OA repository functions from the very beginning. Since then, several OA national initiatives started like Who’s Who in Science in Croatia, HRČAK repository of the Croatian OA journals, ŠESTAR repository of the scientific equipment, DABAR infrastructure for OA institutional repositories, etc.
    There are nine public universities (Zagreb, Split, Rijeka, Osijek, Zadar, Dubrovnik, Pula and Slavonski Brod) and 30 public and private polytechnic institutes, with more than 180.000 students enrolled. Research in Croatia is also conducted by 25 public institutes and six technology centres. There are approximately 11.500 active researchers in Croatia. The largest university in Croatia is the University of Zagreb with more than 70.000 enrolled students, and the largest research institute is Ruđer Bošković Institute with more than 550 researchers.

    National Initiatives

    Three public bodies play a major role in the consolidation of the research at the national level in terms of:
    • strategy with the Ministry of Science and Education (MSE)
    • funding with the Croatian Science Foundation (HRZZ)
    • development and assessment with the National Council for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development (NCSHETD) and Agency for Science and Higher Education.

    Croatian Ministry of Science and Education (MSE) is the primary national policy-maker, responsible for planning, funding and the research assessment. The Advisory board of the Croatian Ministry of Science and Education is the National Council for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development (NCSHETD), responsible for the development of science. Expert body of NCSHETD is the Agency for Science and Higher Education which proposes criteria for budgetary financing of scientific activity and higher education. The dialogue among national key-players concerning open science agenda should be continuous.
    Croatia implements several instruments, programs and policies intending to develop a substantial and strategic research policy, such as Strategy of education, science and technology (in Croatian), Croatian Research and Innovation Infrastructures Roadmap and Strategy for Fostering Innovation of the Republic of Croatia 2014-2020, aiming to provide recommendations for the establishment of a comprehensive R&I environment, to strengthen the Croatian national innovation system (NIS) and provide an efficient framework to foster the competitiveness of Croatian R&D and economy in general, through innovation and technological development. There are some mentions of Open Access in the Croatian strategic documents. Still, in general, Croatian strategic documents are not considering Open Science agenda and Open Access to scientific publications and research data.

    Croatian Science Foundation (CSF) is the central institution for funding competitive research projects since 2009. It provides support to scientific, higher education and technological programs and projects, fosters international cooperation, and helps the realization of scientific programs of particular interest in the field of fundamental, applied and developmental research. CSF also develops and implements various sets of financial instruments for a research career, including post-doc fellowships.

    Another funder is Croatian Agency for SMEs, Innovations and Investments (HAMAG-BICRO) was founded by the Croatian Government in 1998, to support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, improving the innovation process and encouraging investments. It is a central institution in the national innovation system for supporting innovation and technology advancement. The Agency’s main objective is the strategic creation of a unified system that would provide support to entrepreneurs through all development stages of operation starting from research and development of an idea to commercialization and placement on the market.

    More details on R&I system in Croatia for 2015, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies, can be found in RIO Country Report 2015 Croatia.

    Data on Croatian research output related to the researchers, organizations, and research grants are available via the Croatian Scientific Bibliography CROSBI and used for research evaluation. Research libraries offer support to researchers regarding open access to publications and research data by building and managing open science infrastructure, enabling them the compliancy with Article 29.2 of the H2020 grant agreement.

    Support and Landscape

    University of Zadar, in the collaboration with the University of Zagreb and Ruđer Bošković Institute, organize annual international conference on the new trends in scholarly publishing in the context of open science PUBMET. All materials of the previous conferences are available at http://pubmet.unizd.hr.

    RBI Centre for scientific information organizes regularly workshop on open access as a part of the Open Access Week. Regular KEKS workshops are organized, which include a lot of materials on open science and open access.Since March 1999 RBI Centre for scientific information organizes Library Colloquia on the regular bases. Lectures include many topics on open access, open source, and other open science topics.Ruđer Bošković Institute is opening its doors to the general public and with RBI Open Day(s) open science has been promoted through lectures, workshops, games, stories, etc.Workshops on Open Science are part of the Centre for the Continuous Education of Librarians (National and University Library).Papers and presentations on open science and open access are stored in the FULIR RBI institutional repository.Information on open science and all aspects of open access will be soon available at the national Open Science Croatia portal.

    National Initiatives

    There are three public bodies that play a major role in the consolidation of the research at the national level in terms of:

    Croatian Ministry of Science and Education (MSE) is the main national policy-maker, responsible for planning, funding and the research assessment. Advisory body of the Croatian Ministry of Science and Education is the National Council for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development (NCSHETD), responsible for the development of science. Expert body of NCSHETD is the Agency for science and Higher Education which proposes criteria for budgetary financing of scientific activity and higher education. The dialog among national key-players concerning open science agenda should be continuous.

    Croatia implements several instruments, programs and policies with the aim of developing a substantial and strategic research policy, such as Strategy of education, science and technology (in Croatian), Croatian Research and Innovation Infrastructures Roadmap and Strategy for Fostering Innovation of the Republic of Croatia 2014-2020, aiming to provide recommendations for the establishment of a comprehensive R&I environment, to strengthen the Croatian national innovation system (NIS) and provide an efficient framework to foster the competitiveness of Croatian R&D and economy in general, through innovation and technological development. There are some mentions and future plans, but in general Croatian strategic documents are not considering open science agenda and open access to scientific publications and research data. Croatian Science Foundation (CSF) is central institution for funding competitive research projects since 2009. It provides support to scientific, higher education and technological programs and projects, fosters international cooperation, and helps the realization of scientific programs of special interest in the field of fundamental, applied and developmental research. CSF also develops and implements various sets of financial instruments for research career, including post-doc fellowships.

    Other funder is Croatian Agency for SMEs, Innovations and Investments (HAMAG-BICRO) was founded by the Croatian Government in 1998, with the aim of supporting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, improving the innovation process and encouraging investments. It is a central institution in the national innovation system for supporting innovation and technology advancement. The Agency’s main objective is reflected in the strategic creation of a unique system that would provide support to entrepreneurs through all development stages of operation starting from research and development of an idea to commercialization and placement on the market.

    More details on R&I system in Croatia for 2015, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies can be find in RIO Country Report 2015 Croatia.

    Data on Croatian research output related to the researchers, organizations, and projects are available via the Croatian Scientific Bibliography CROSBI and used for institutional and research evaluation.Research libraries can offer support to researchers mostly regarding open access to publications and research data and in building and managing certain open science infrastructures. Regarding open access to articles, researchers can comply with Article 29.2 of the H2020 grant agreement by depositing into one of the Croatian OpenAIRE compatible repositories.

  • Open Science Policy

    National Policy

    There is no national policy on open science or open access to scientific publications and research data in place in Croatia, following  the Commission Recommendation of 17. 7. 2012 on access to and preservation of scientific information, Guidelines to the Rules on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Open Access to Research Data in Horizon 2020 and other documents.

    The document Strategy of education, science and technology (in Croatian) consider open educational materials and open access to scientific information as the strategic orientation for science and education in Croatia in the future. Also the Croatian Research and Innovation Infrastructures Roadmap mention “promotion of open access to research data, especially data funded from public sources”, and “open access to scientific and research data for all” members of the scientific and research community (researchers, teachers and students) in Croatia.

    In 2012 a group of representatives consisting of university faculty and research staff, librarians and students presented the document Croatian Open Access Declaration which has been supported by ministries, HE and research institutions, and many individuals from Croatia and abroad. Croatian OA Declaration invites “the state administration, headed by the ministry responsible for science, as well as scientific and educational institutions, organisations, professional associations, and all the others involved in gathering and publishing scientific information to act decisively and in coordination in order to store all the Croatian scientific information in Open Access form.“ The national contact point for the open access to the scientific information is Jadranka Stojanovski, appointed by the Croatian Ministry of science and education.

    Funder policy

    Croatian Science Foundation (CSF) is central institution for funding competitive research projects since 2009. It provides support to scientific, higher education and technological programmes and projects, fosters international cooperation, and helps the realization of scientific programmes of special interest in the field of fundamental, applied and developmental research. CSF acts according the Act on the Croatian Science Foundation, and open science and open access are not included.

    Institutional Policy

    Some institutions have the institutional open access policy in place:
  • Infrastructure & EOSC

    Key networks & Aggregators

    Croatian repositories for research outcomes enable collection, storage and making scientific publications available to the public. All repositories using DABAR infrastructure are compatible with the OpenAIRE Guidelines. This means that researchers can comply with Article 29.2 of the H2020 grant agreement regarding open access to articles with depositing into Croatian repositories.

    Twelve repositories are included into OpenAIRE portal:

    FPSZG repository

    FULIR

    Hrčak

    Repository of Faculty of Civil Engineering Osijek

    Repository of Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry University of Zgreb

    Repository of Polytechnic Nikola Tesla in Gospić

    Repository of the Chatolic Faculty of Theology in Đakovo

    Repository of the Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology

    Repository of the School of Dental Medicine University of Zagreb

    Repository of the University of Rijeka, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

    University North Digital Repository

    University of Zagreb Medical School Repository

    There are seven institutional repositories using other types of software, mostly ePrints:

    DiZbi.HAZU (Digital Collection of the Croatian Academy of Science and Arts)

    Institute for Social Research in Zagreb (ISRZ)

    RepositoryFull-text Institutional Repository of the Ruđer Bošković Institute (FULIR)

    FAMENA PhD Collection

    University of Zagreb Medical School Repository

    Digitalni arhiv Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu

    Faculty of Science Repository

    Data repositories

    There are no significant advancements related to the open research data. The only document supporting open access to the research data is the Open Access Declaration initiative (2012), pursuing the goal of broadest possible access to digital publication and research data. Although the Declaration was signed by 20 state ministries, there are no funders’ or institutions’ policies mandating open access to the research data.

    Three institutions are actively engaged in the open research data issues:- Ruđer Bošković Insitute (RBI) – as a NOAD in the OpenAIRE project RBI is providing researchers with necessary support and education related to the open research data enabled via ZENODO or other disciplinary repositories. RBI institutional repository FULIR has been upgraded to provide research data deposition, but these activities are still in the early phase.- Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Zagreb, participating in the open research data project like SERSCIDA (finished) and SEEDS (running) and organizing events on open research data.- University of Zagreb Computing Centre SRCE – developing DABAR infrastructure for the institutional repositories, which will enable the deposition of the research data in the future.

    National publishing initiatives

    The Croatian Ministry of Science and Education supports gold OA, and subsidize Croatian OA journals (OA is the mandatory condition to get subsidy). In 2017 there were 187 gold OA journals subsidized by the Ministry. Other Croatian scholarly, professional and popular journals are also in open access. All together more than 450 OA journals are available in open access at HRČAK repository, which is the biggest national repository of OA journals in EU.

    National agreements with publishers

    Negotiations for “big deals” has been done by the Croatian National and University Library. The Electronic Resources Portal for the Croatian Academic and Scientific Community enables access to databases with a nationally funded European Social Fund (ESF) grant through the project Increasing access to electronic sources of scientific and expert information - e-Sources. APC was included in the negotiation process with some publishers, but unsuccessfully.

    OA books

    There is an initiative of the Croatian Ministry of Science and Education to promote Open Educational Resources (OER) and OA books important for the national curriculum.

  • Training & Support

    University of Zadar, in the collaboration with the University of Zagreb and Ruđer Bošković Institute, organize annual international conference on the new trends in scholarly publishing in the context of open science PUBMET. All materials of the previous conferences are available at http://pubmet.unizd.hr.

    RBI Centre for scientific information organizes regularly workshop on open access as a part of the Open Access Week. Regular KEKS workshops are organized, which include a lot of materials on open science and open access.Since March 1999 RBI Centre for scientific information organizes Library Colloquia on the regular bases. Lectures include many topics on open access, open source, and other open science topics.Ruđer Bošković Institute is opening its doors to the general public and with RBI Open Day(s) open science has been promoted through lectures, workshops, games, stories, etc.Workshops on Open Science are part of the Centre for the Continuous Education of Librarians (National and University Library).Papers and presentations on open science and open access are stored in the FULIR RBI institutional repository.Information on open science and all aspects of open access will be soon available at the national Open Science Croatia portal.

  • Statistics

    258517 OA publications in 123 repositories
  • News

    28 November 2018
    The book “Openness in science and higher education” has been published – in Croatian  but the preface and abstracts are available in English – and presented at the PubMET conference  The book consists of 19 chapters written by 31 authors who are scholars and professionals from various fields and who deal with some form of openness in their everyday work.Editor of...
    28 November 2018
    The fifth PUBMET2018 conference, the Croatian national OpenAIRE event,  took place on September 19-21, 2018 in Zadar, Croatia. The surroundings – three thousand years old Mediterranean city - were well suited for our discussions about open science. Participants from different countries such as Netherlands, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Hungary, Germany, Poland, Spain, Great Brit...
    23 April 2018
    Followed by several meetings of the OpenAIRE-Advance and EOSC Hub teams at Ruđer Bošković Institute , a seminar on "Cooperation in Social Sciences and Humanities in a Networked European Research Space" was held at the Teleconference Hall on Thursday, March 29, 2018. Four European projects in the field of humanities and social sciences - DARIAH-HR, CESSDA, OpenAIRE-Advance and EOSC Hub - were pres...
    12 February 2017
    Usage of the unique object identifiers is crucial for accomplishing interoperability between different web services and platforms. OpenAIRE has made great progress in linking EC funded projects with publications and research data on the EU level by indexing harvested data and making that information available through the API. In Croatia, we use this API to get the updated project information and b...
    07 February 2017
    For a small academic and research community like Croatia it is important to build national collaborative infrastructure at different levels and for different purposes. Institutional repositories are for last twenty years an important strategy for attaining open access, and provide a key infrastructure for the long-term preservation of digital materials. Apart from HRČAK repository of OA journals (...
    24 April 2015
    As of April 17, 2015, all papers produced by Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI) researchers must be submitted to the institutional OA repository FULIR (which is OpenAIRE compliant)  upon acceptance for publication. The first institutional Open Access mandate in Croatia is based on  the Croatian Open Access Declaration (October 2012),  „Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific inform...

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