Estonia
Last updated on 
06 August 2020

National Open Access Desk

University of Tartu
  • Overview

    In Estonia, Open Access has been on the radar since 2009. The University of Tartu Library was one of the early adopters hosting Open Access Weeks since 2010 and organizing various events to initiate debates on Open Access and Open Research Data. Estonian Research Council coordinates Open Science policy in the country by organising various events in cooperation with other institutions (including the University of Tartu Library, OpenAIRE NOAD in Estonia). There is no official Open Access or Open Science policy in Estonia (nor in any higher educational institution). 

    Support and Landscape

    University of Tartu Library is teaching various courses involving research data management which are included in the University of Tartu’s curricula:
    • Introduction to Information Research is a course for PhD students that gives an overview to information research and teaches how to use databases and research data repositories. It also gives an introduction to data management and shows how DOI is given to a dataset.
    • Research Data Management and Publishing is a course for PhD students which is created in collaboration with University of Tartu Museum of Natural History and data management platform PlutoF. In this course you can find information about open science and publishing with open access. You will get to know how to create a data management plan and how to search data from different open data repositories. The second part of the course teaches how to make research data to machine-readable FAIR data.
    • Research Integrity: Framework Requirements, Values and Principles of Action is an elective course for all PhD students. In this course you can find principles and guidelines for how to process research data to make it easily findable and reusable. A part of this course is also dedicated to open science and research data.

    Starting from the end of 2019, the University of Tartu is also the National Node of Research Data Alliance.

    National Initiatives

    According to the "Implementation Plan 2016-2019 for achieving the objectives of the Estonian Research and Development and Innovation Strategy 2014-2020 “Knowledge-based Estonia”" priority no. 5 "Optimal circulation, accessibility and transfer of scientific knowledge", the goal is to promote open access to research publications and to encourage open access to public-financed research results and research data. Support measures: Development of necessary regulations and support infrastructures - the main instruments for financing research provide the requirement of open access to research publications (at least Green Open Access). Activities are supported in the framework of acquiring licences for research databases and supporting research libraries and collections.

    In February, 2020, Estonian Research Council signed the agreement for Estonia to join the Nordic e-Infrastructure Collaboration NeIC, which gives Estonian research infrastructures the possibility to maintain and enhance their competitiveness and do more international cooperation.

  • Open Science Policy

    National Policy

    Estonia has not implemented a national Open Access/Open Science policy yet. However, in 2015, Open Science Expert Group was initiated by the Estonian Research Council to support drafting a national Open Science policy by complying principles and recommendations for the development of national open science policy. These recommendations were published in June 2016. This document is recommendations of the expert committee and should not be considered national policy on Open Science but rather a set of recommendations for developing future national OS policy.

    From the end of 2019, the Ministry of Education and Research in Estonia has started to develop a Roadmap for an Open Science Policy Framework which is expected to result in official policy in a couple of years. It is expected that in a few years, this policy can result in the establishment of Estonian Open Science Competence Center which is a central support system for open science implementation in Estonia.

    Estonian Research Council has started to require research data management plans from all personal grant applications and has officially started to evaluate these DMPs.

    The Estonian Research Information System (ETIS) is developing into the Estonian research information database, including the central repository of research publications. Starting from 2013, the competition-based funding instruments (institutional and personal research funding) include a requirement for open access: “The publications that result from the implementation of the research theme shall be freely available to the public in ETIS, unless set forth otherwise in the conditions for publication, and for the protection of copyright or intellectual property rights.”

    Funder policy

    Institutional Policy

    Estonia has not implemented an Institutional policy yet. 

    Estonian Research Council and other research funding organisations establish the principles of institutional open science. Universities and other research and development institutions draw up institutional principles and the action plan for open science. Research libraries advise and train Estonian research community in open access and data management issues and, in cooperation with research funders, develop the basic forms for data management plans.

  • Infrastructure & EOSC

    Key networks & Aggregators

    The Estonian Research Information System (ETIS) is the Estonian research information database, including the central database of research publications; however, ETIS is not considered a repository and it has no long term preservation options. Higher education institutions have developed their own publications repositories.
     

    OpenDOAR lists 7 repositories in Estonia:

    1. Digital archive, Arhiivikeskus
    2. DataDOI, University of Tartu
    3. DIGAR, Estonian National Library
    4. University of Tartu digital archive DSpace, University of Tartu (Library)
    5. EMU DSpace, Estonian University of Life Sciences (Library)
    6. Repository ETERA, Academic Library of Tallinn University 
    7. Digital Collection of Tallinn University of Technology Library

    Data repositories

    National repositories in Re3Data


    Estonia has no centrally funded nor managed data repository. Various subject groups have developed their own data repositories.

    1. Estonian Repositories in Re3Data 
    2. UNITE, Unified system for the DNA based funal species linked to the classification. 
    3. ESTA (Eesti Sotsiaalteaduslik Andmearhiiv)
    4. Estonian Biocentre Public Data 
    5. Center of Estonian Language Resources
    6. University of Tartu Open Data Repository DataDOI - non-subject specific data repository.

    National publishing initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists 15 Open Access journals published in Estonia. University of Tartu Library maintains Estonian Open Journal System.

    National agreements with publishers

    National licences for research publications (including Open Access) with major research publishers are maintained through Non-profit Organisation Consortium of Estonian Libraries Network; however, Estonia has no Open Access publishing agreements with any publisher currently which would allow Estonian researchers publish their research in Open Access journals with discount prices. Open Access publishing is funded by researchers themselves through research grants. Estonian government nor universities do not provide special funding for Open Access publishing.

    OA books

    Open Access books published by the University of Tartu Press can be found through OAPEN.

  • Training & Support

    University of Tartu Library is teaching various courses involving research data management which are included in the University of Tartu’s curricula:
    • Introduction to Information Research is a course for PhD students that gives an overview to information research and teaches how to use databases and research data repositories. It also gives an introduction to data management and shows how DOI is given to a dataset.
    • Research Data Management and Publishing is a course for PhD students which is created in collaboration with University of Tartu Museum of Natural History and data management platform PlutoF. In this course you can find information about open science and publishing with open access. You will get to know how to create a data management plan and how to search data from different open data repositories. The second part of the course teaches how to make research data to machine-readable FAIR data.
    • Research Integrity: Framework Requirements, Values and Principles of Action is an elective course for all PhD students. In this course you can find principles and guidelines for how to process research data to make it easily findable and reusable. A part of this course is also dedicated to open science and research data.

    Starting from the end of 2019, the University of Tartu is also the National Node of Research Data Alliance.

  • Statistics

    41963 OA publications in 28 repositories
  • News

    06 March 2020
    Introduction In Estonia, the University of Tartu Library and the UT Natural History Museum have collaborated for a long time. Natural scientists initiated the university's joining of the DataCite in 2014 to provide DOIs for research data and register the metadata of datasets. It is essential for a researcher to be visible in academia and to get citations and recognition fo...
    02 December 2019
    The University of Tartu Library organized an annual OpenAIRE National Event in Tartu on the 6th of November. Focus of the seminar was on the future of Open Access. Various initiatives which contribute to the future of Open Access were included like Plan S, new Open Access publishing, Estonian route to Open Science policy and ORCID. Over 80 people attended the event....
    27 June 2018
    In 2017, under the supervision of Estonian Research Council, two research groups from the University of Tartu and Tallinn University in cooperation with the Estonian Academy of Sciences conducted research (surveys) on Open Science approaches in Estonia. Both research ended with practical recommendations for the future and are part of the process of establishing Estonian Open Science policy. Work o...
    05 June 2018
    On the 28-29th of May 2018, OpenAIRE organized a seminar titled: "How to Get the Maximum from Research Data – Prerequisites and Outcomes".  Approximately 60 participants attended the 2-days seminar that took place in the newly renovated University of Tartu Library. The welcome speeches were given by Martin Hallik, the Director of the Library, and by Kairi Kreegipuu, the Vice Dean of the Fac...
    22 August 2017
    Estonian Research Council coordinates Open Science policy in the country by organizing various events in cooperation with other institutions (including the University of Tartu Library, OpenAIRE NOAD in Estonia). In 2015, Estonian Research Council established the Open Science Expert Group which consists of 14 experts from universities, libraries and other institutions. The group has compiled a doc...
    21 June 2017
    Estonian OpenAIRE national event 2017: international seminar „Open Research Data - the FAIRest Data is the Future of Science  The University of Tartu Library and DataCite Estonia Consortium organized an international seminar on the 20th of April, 2017 held in the Tallinn University of Technology. The goal of the seminar was to bring out best practices from various data archives, show common ...
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