Finland
Last updated on 
11 May 2020

National Open Access Desk

University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki
  • Overview

    Open Science Expert Panels and their working groups are a form of cooperation, where all the open science stakeholders can contribute to national-level open science activities.  Ministry of Education and Culture is funding national level open science activities coordination done by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies. One result of this cooperation is the Declaration for Open Science and Research 2020-2025. The declaration provides a common direction for the development of the research community. The declaration outlines a vision, where open science and research are seamlessly integrated into researchers' everyday work.

    Support and Landscape

    National Initiatives

    There are several national level services offered for the Finnish research system.

    SERVICES

    DMP-TOOL

    Data management planning tool DMPTuuli helps you to create, review, and share data management plans that meet institutional and funder requirements.

    FAIRDATA SERVICES

    • IDA - STORE
    • Etsin - FIND
      • Etsin is a research data finder that contains descriptive information – metadata – on research datasets. Anyone may browse and use the metadata. More information on Etsin
    • Qvain - DESCRIBE
      • Qvain metadata tool helps to add metadata that fulfills the minimum requirements for digital preservation. Quality metadata keeps the data findable and linkable and ensures that Fairdata services are interoperable. More information on Qvain
    • Digital Preservation Service for Research Data - PRESERVE
      • Digital Preservation Service for Research Data takes care of the digital preservation of research outputs. Digital preservation is the reliable storage of digital information for tens or even hundreds of years. More information

    FINNIS SOCIAL SCIENCE DATA ARCHIVE

    Finnish Social Science Data Archive promotes open access to research data as well as transparency, accumulation and efficient reuse of scientific research. FSD also responsibly implements the FAIR data principles, which aim at making data and services Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable. Efficient, fair and free services are the cornerstone of our activities. FSD has been awarded the CoreTrustSeal (CTS) which is granted to an organisation that preserves digital research data in a reliable manner and enables the reuse of data.

    OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER)

    In the Library of Open Educational Resources (OER), you can search for and share open educational resources from all levels of education.

  • Open Science Policy

    National Policy

    DECLARATION FOR OPEN SCIENCE AND RESEARCH 2020-2025
    The Finnish research community has jointly created a Declaration for Open Science and Research. The declaration was approved by the National Open Science and Research Steering Group on 10th of December, 2019.

    The declaration provides a common direction for the development of the research community. The declaration outlines a vision, where open science and research are seamlessly integrated in researchers' everyday work. The joint mission is to promote openness as a fundamental value of science, to strengthen the relevance of research in society and to increase the mobility and impact of research.
    The declaration defines four objectives that specify how openness will become part of the daily life of researchers and scientists. The goals are defined by the research community for:
    • research culture
    • open access to research publications,
    • open access to research data and methods; and
    • open education and educational resources as promoted by the research community.

    The declaration can be downloaded here in PDF format in English, Finnish and Swedish

    Policies of Open Science and Research in Finland 

    Policies of open science and research in Finland outline in detail the strategic principles, objectives and action plans necessary to achieve the objectives set out in the Declaration for Open Science and Research.

    Published
    o Policy for Open Access to Scholarly Publications
    At drafting and/or planning stage (April 2020)
    o Policy for Open Access to Scholarly Publications: policy components on monographs, professional publications and non-textual research publications
    o Policy for Open Scholarship
    o Policy for Open Access to Research Data and Methods
    o Policy for the Open Education and Educational Resources

    The Finnish National Board on Research Integrity (TENK), appointed by the Ministry of Education and Culture, promotes the responsible conduct of research, prevents research misconduct, promotes discussion and spreads information on research integrity in Finland.  
    - Responsible Research
    - TENK website Responsible Research brings together coordination for Open Science, Publication Forum, The Committee for Public Information (TJNK), Finnish National Board on Research Integrity (TENK) and the Responsible Research Articles. Website is funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture in Finland.

    Funder policy

    Funders with an Open Access Policy:

    "Based on the data, just one research funder has policies or principles on developing interoperability in the research infrastructures they fund. It should be noted though that not all of the research funders in this analysis fund research infrastructures. Only one funder has mentioned the strengthening of openness-related competencies in the strategy and defined this as an area for development."

    Source: Atlas of open science and research in Finland 2019 : Evaluation of openness in the activities of higher education institutions, research institutes, research-funding organisations, Finnish academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies. Final report. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-263-689-8

    Institutional Policy

    The evaluation of the openness of Finnish research organisations, research-funding organisations, academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies, completed by the Ministry of Education and Culture to assess the openness of operational cultures and to evaluate progress for the organisations evaluated in previous years. Results of the evaluation are published in Atlas of open science and research in Finland 2019 : Evaluation of openness in the activities of higher education institutions, research institutes, research-funding organisations, Finnish academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies. Final report. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-263-689-8

    Quote from the Atlas:

    "About 80 % of the higher education institutions have principles which recommend or
    encourage the use of open-access channels for publishing and more than 60 % require
    the use of open-access channels. Nearly all (93 %) of the universities and 88 % of the
    universities of applied sciences have recommendations on self-archiving publications
    in institutional or other repositories. Of the HEIs, 60 % require self-archiving research
    publications and has a support process place for it.

    Compared to the previous evaluation, there has been significant improvements in
    developing the principles for the openness of research methods (including algorithms
    and code). Openness of research methods is surprisingly well managed in policies and
    almost all of the universities and more than 70 % of the universities of applied sciences
    have policies and principles for this. Almost half of the universities and about 40 % of the
    universities of applied sciences require openness of research methods.

    The availability, use and licensing of research data is also very well managed. Every
    university has a data policy and implementation plan recommending openness of
    research data, whereas eight universities of applied sciences have not yet set principles
    for open research data. Ten out of thirteen universities and almost half of the universities
    of applied sciences require open licensing of research data and use of agreed open
    repositories."

  • Infrastructure & EOSC

    Key networks & Aggregators

    Open Science expert panels
    Promotion of open science and research is a joint effort by the entire research community, done in four expert panels and their working groups. The Finnish Federation of Learned Societies coordinates this work. Expert panels:
    Culture of open scholarship
    Open data
    Open access
    Open education

    Open Knowledge Finland - “Open Knowledge Finland (OKFI) is a registered not-for-profit association and part of the wider international Open Knowledge -network. We promote opening and usage of open knowledge and advance development of open society in Finland. The association was founded in 2012. Members present widely the Finnish ‘open’ -scene including individuals, companies and other organizations.”

    RDA in Finland - The National Node is hosted at CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd., hence actively acting as a mediator and promoting RDA in Finland and also abroad. National Node acts as the local point of contact between national data practioners and RDA.

    FinnOA - Unofficial network of the people interested in enhancing open science.

    Data repositories

    EMEP
    The European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme
    Kielipankki
    The Language Bank of Finland
    RADAR Luke
    Luonnonvarakeskuksen tutkimusaineistokuvausten hakupalvelu
    Finnish Social Science Data Archive
    Data Service Portal Aila
    Etsin Research Data Finder
    Etsin - tutkimusaineistojen hakupalvelu
    IDA Research Data Storage Service
    IDA - Tutkimusaineistojen säilytyspalvelu
    ECCAD - the GEIA database
    Emissions of atmospheric Compounds & Compilation of Ancillary Data
    CanGEM
    Cancer GEnome Mine
    World Data Center for Aerosols
    WDCA

    National publishing initiatives

    Journal.fi
    Journal.fi is a journal management and publishing service provided by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies. The site features 80 Finnish scholarly journals, with more to come.
    Journal.fi is designed to meet the needs of authors, readers, publishers and funders in the age of Open Access journals. The service is using the Open Journal Systems 3.1 software.

    National agreements with publishers

    FinELib is a consortium of Finnish universities, research institutions and public libraries. It negotiates e-resource license agreements for the Finnish scholarly community. Read more on the negotiations here.

    OA books

    No information available.

  • Training & Support

  • Statistics

    153,961 OA publications in 33 repositories
  • News

    13 June 2019
    This blog post is first in a series of blogs describing RDM support activities in participating institutions. The series is produced by the Taskforce OpenAIRE: Institutional RDM support.Support Services​ Preparations for building a solid Research Data Management (RDM) support started more than ten years ago at the University of Helsinki. In an early project at the life sciences campus researchers ...
    23 April 2019
    This text was written by Joonas Nikkanen (CSC – IT Center for Science, Finland) and Jochen Schirrwagen (Bielefeld University Library, Germany) Efficient dissemination and visibility of research results across scientific communication infrastructure boundaries is closely linked to the definition of standards for the description of scientific information and communication protocols. Metadata should ...
    25 March 2019
    What kind of jungle is made up of national and international policies, services and infrastructures of open science? Can this jungle be defined, and can you survive it? The OpenAIRE event, Making sense of Open Science jungle – optimizing your use of Open Science services, was looking for answers to the above questions in Paasitorni, Helsinki on 12 March 2019. The event was organised by the Helsink...
    19 September 2016
    The workshop was held at the University of Helsinki at the end of August. The event was designed to paint a broad picture of the current scene of Open Science starting from the European level down to local university level developments. The focus was clearly on infrastructures supporting the goals of Open Science but there was also a strong emphasis on networking between all participants. This asp...
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