Key networks & Aggregators
Many universities and research institutions in Germany run an institutional or subject-based repository, some of these centrally managed by umbrella organizations. Today, over 270 OA repositories exist in Germany: 275 OAI repositories according to OpenDOAR, plus those listed by DINI (for more information about DINI see below) and OAI service providers (like BASE and OAIster).
The majority of German repositories are based on the OPUS software, followed by DSpace, MyCore, FEDORA and Eprints as well as locally developed software options. Over 40 repositories operate on platforms that are centrally managed by federal state library networks in Cologne, Berlin, Jena, Munich, and Constance.
The most relevant organization in Germany for supporting a national repository infrastructure is the German Initiative for Network Information (DINI
) having initiated several projects to support the technical development of a network of digital repositories and actively encourages the process of DINI certification. The certification process evaluates and improves the quality of publication services by referring to international standards and quality criteria. In consequence, the process improves data quality and conformity to enable services and the networking of repositories. Together with the DARE guidelines, the DINI certificate served as a basis for the DRIVER Guidelines for Content Providers
Much like with literature repositories, the German data repository landscape is both complex and highly federated. Many universities and research institutions control their own data repositories, which according to re3data
there are over 400 such repositories in Germany. In April 2017, the German Council for Scientific Information Infrastructures (RfII) issued a discussion paper
recommending the creation of a national research data infrastructure (NFDI) designed to link, augment and complement already existing infrastructures.
national data repos
National publishing initiatives
According to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) there are 265 German OA journals in existence. Some of these journals are hosted by OA platforms, but most are run individually by research institutions and learned societies. Important platforms hosting OA Journals include: Copernicus Publications, Digital Peer Publishing NRW, German Medical Science, Living Reviews.
A new intiative in the open access publishing world is Open Access 2020, which builds upon the Berlin Declaration and calls for the large-scale transition of scholarly journals from a subscription based model to an open access equivalent. Responsibility for which is afforded to research libraries.
Initial signatories from Germany include the German Research Foundation (DFG), the German Rectors’ Conference (HRK), the German Council of Science and Humanities (WR), the Max Planck Society (MPG), the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, the Helmholtz Association, the Leibniz Association, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
The Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) established a post-grant fund for open access publications in 2017, which provides financial aid for researchers wanting to make a publication openly available after their BMBF-funded research project has come to an end.
National agreements with publishers
Project DEAL: Project DEAL is an initiative by the Alliance of Science Organisations in Germany. Its goal is to negotiate and complete nationwide license agreements with major academic publishers for their entire range of ejournals. Changes in prices and availability of content shall be made to reduce costs and use institutions’ financial capacities more efficiently whilst expanding access to academic literature including some sort of Open Access.
The involvement of 268 German universities, research institutions and state libraries raises hope that new contracts will be negotiated and changes inevitably made. Negotiations started in 2016, and concentrate on the three biggest publishers in the German market: Elsevier, Springer Nature and Wiley. As press releases state, negotiations with Elsevier were unsuccessful. Although approximately 300 institutions have cancelled their contracts with Elsevier, consensus could not be reached so far with negotiations being temporarily adjourned in July 2018.
In January 2019, a deal with Wiley was achieved resulting in the first Publish and Read (PAR) contract with German institutions. The PAR fee is calculated yearly on the basis of publications per institution and allows all submitting corresponding authors of participating institutions to publish open access (generally under CC-BY) in all of Wiley’s ejournals at no further cost, as well as a 20% discount on Article Processing Charges (APCs) for Wiley’s gold open access journals. The contract also includes perpetual access to all 1.700 Wiley ejournals.
Similar conditions apply to the contract with Springer Nature published in January 2020. Since then it is possible for all submitting corresponding authors of participating institutions to publish open access under CC-BY in almost all of Springer Nature's ejournals with a PAR fee paid by the insitutions. A discount of 20% on APCs for Springer Nature's gold open access journals can now be realized.
Source and further information: https://www.projekt-deal.de/about-deal/
No information available.