Israel
Last updated on 
11 May 2020

National Open Access Desk

Bar Ilan University
  • Overview

    Research in Israel is carried out mainly by Higher Education Institutions and Research Centers. Institutions of higher education operate under the authority of the Council for Higher Education, which is headed by the Minister of Education, and includes academics, community representatives, and a student representative. It grants accreditation, authorises the awarding of academic degrees, and advises the government on the development and financing of higher education and scientific research.

    Israel has 63 academic institutions: 9 universities (8 research universities and the Open University), 37 academic colleges (of which 21 are public "budgeted" academic colleges and 16 private "non-budgeted" colleges), and 17 teacher-training colleges.
    In addition, research is also conducted in 34 research institutions.
    Higher education in Israel has been praised for helping to encourage the country’s economic development and recent technological boom. The high quality of Israel’s higher education system was also recognized in the QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings, in which it ranks as the world’s 28th strongest national system. Of Israel’s nine universities, six were featured in THE SHANGHAI (ARWU) RANKING, 2018, in the global top 500, including Technion (78), Hebrew University of Jerusalem (95), Weizmann Institute (121), Tel Aviv University (180), Bar-Ilan University (454), and Ben Gurion University (440).

    Support and Landscape

    Bar Ilan University participates in OpenAIRE project, as a National Open Access Desk (NOAD) The main objectives of the Israeli NOAD are, among others, to support, promote, and disseminate all relevant information regarding the policies of Open Access to all possible stakeholders. 

    BIU strives to achieve these goals by:

    1. Contacting the national policy makers and the main research Foundation in order to establish a National policy and promote any Open Science issue to the local community.
    2. Encouraging university authorities to discuss and decide on open access policy of their institutions.
    3. Disseminating the obligation derived by H2020 projects to researchers and librarians via participation in conferences and workshops.

    National Initiatives

  • Open Science Policy

    National Policy

    Israel via Bar Ilan university has joined OpenAIRE, as a National Open Access Desk (NOAD) in January 2018.

    Open Access is a new initiative in Israel, there is otherwise no official open access policy on the national level.

    The Israeli council of higher education acknowledges the importance of open science  saying that a transition to an open access approach that permits the distribution of research findings in a quick and equitable manner will contribute to  expanding scientific collaboration and increase its overall achievements.

    Funder policy

    The Israeli Science Foundation is the main source of research funding in Israel and receives administrative support from the Academy of Sciences and Humanities. The foundation provides competitive grants in three areas: exact sciences and technology, life sciences and medicine, and humanities and social sciences. Complementary funding is provided by binational foundations, such as the USA–Israel Binational Science Foundation and the German–Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development.

    Israel was the first non-European country to be associated with the EU Framework Programme in 1996. Its participation in the EU Framework Programme has been a success story and represents an added value for the Israeli scientific community in creating new opportunities for collaboration and funding.

    The Ministry of Science, Technology, and Space funds the research centres and is responsible for international scientific cooperation. The Ministry’s National Infrastructure Programme supports research in l priority fields and encourages the younger generation of scientists.

    The Office of the Chief Scientist within the Ministry of the Economy funds several projects that encourage startup companies and high-tech companies.

    Another source of public research funding is the Forum for National Research and Development Infrastructure (Telem). This voluntary partnership involves the Office of the Chief Scientist of the Ministry of the Economy and the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Space, the Planning and Budgeting Committee, and the Ministry of Finance. Telem projects focus on establishing infrastructure for research and development in areas that are of common interest to most Telem partners.

    The Israel Science Foundation ISF which is the biggest funding agency in Israel has started a discussion on implementing an OA policy.

    Institutional Policy

    Currently, there in no official open access policy on the institutional level. This is why no OA policies are registered in ROARMAP yet.

  • Infrastructure & EOSC

    Key networks & Aggregators

    Currently there are three institutes in Israel that are in the process of establishing Open Access Institutional Repositories to which researchers can submit their research output in Israel:

    • Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
    • Weizmann institute of Science 
    • Bar Iln University

    Other Universities are also discussing in different levels the introduction of an institutional OA policy.

    Data repositories

    National publishing initiatives

    The Israel Science Foundation (isf) Gateway

    The Israel Science Foundation- the bigest  funder in Israel has made a concrete step in the direction of open access and in support of the principles of open research. It takes the form of a new and alternative publishing venue called the ISF gateway, which is hosted within the F1000Research platform.

    Prof Benny Geiger Chair of the Academic Board of ISF says: “The ISF is committed to the promotion and support of excellence in all fields of academic research, including the exact sciences, life sciences and medicine, social sciences and the humanities. We firmly believe that open publication and data sharing with the research community and the broad public plays a key role in increasing the impact of scientific research. We sincerely expect that the peer-reviewed contents published in the ISF gateway will provide an excellent exposure for ISF-funded science to wide audiences, world-wide.”

    The ISF gateway combines the ability to publish rapidly with functionality to ensure transparency, robustness and reproducibility of research. While traditional pre-publication review slows down the progress of research, publishing in the gateway will be fast, with papers entering the peer-review phase immediately after publication. The goal is to move away from the culture of the journal impact factor, remove unnecessary bias and barriers in publishing, minimize delays and research waste, foster reproducibility and ethical practises and accelerate the dissemination and potential impact of research. This approach is designed to support a more collaborative and ‘open science’ future, providing full and FAIR access to any data and resources underpinning research

    National agreements with publishers

    OA books

  • Training & Support

    Bar Ilan University participates in OpenAIRE project, as a National Open Access Desk (NOAD) The main objectives of the Israeli NOAD are, among others, to support, promote, and disseminate all relevant information regarding the policies of Open Access to all possible stakeholders. 

    BIU strives to achieve these goals by:

    1. Contacting the national policy makers and the main research Foundation in order to establish a National policy and promote any Open Science issue to the local community.
    2. Encouraging university authorities to discuss and decide on open access policy of their institutions.
    3. Disseminating the obligation derived by H2020 projects to researchers and librarians via participation in conferences and workshops.
  • Statistics

    682 OA publications in 2 repositories
  • News

    12 April 2020
     The ISF gateway in F1000Research is open for submissions from ISF grantees. The Israel Science Foundation, the largest funder in Israel, has made a concrete step in the direction of open access and in support of the principles of open research. It takes the form of a new and alternative publishing venue called the ISF gateway, which is hosted within the F1000Research platform. This follows t...
    06 January 2020
    On the 19th of November, 2019, the first Israeli OpenAIRE National Workshop –titled: On the Way Towards Open Science: "Set Science Free" took place in Bar Ilan university (BIU). The event was organized by the Iseraeli OpenAIRE NOAD Dr. Simcha Meir along with the libraries and information system department of BIU. With around 180 attendees, mainly librarians and researchers from all universities, a...
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