Research in Israel is carried out mainly by Higher Education Institutions and Research Centers. Institutions of higher education operate under the authority of the Council for Higher Education, which is headed by the Minister of Education, and includes academics, community representatives, and a student representative. It grants accreditation, authorises the awarding of academic degrees, and advises the government on the development and financing of higher education and scientific research.
Israel has 63 academic institutions: 9 universities (8 research universities and the Open University), 37 academic colleges (of which 21 are public "budgeted" academic colleges and 16 private "non-budgeted" colleges), and 17 teacher-training colleges.
In addition, research is also conducted in 34 research institutions.
Higher education in Israel has been praised for helping to encourage the country’s economic development and recent technological boom. The high quality of Israel’s higher education system was also recognized in the QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings, in which it ranks as the world’s 28th strongest national system. Of Israel’s nine universities, six were featured in THE SHANGHAI (ARWU) RANKING, 2018, in the global top 500, including Technion (78), Hebrew University of Jerusalem (95), Weizmann Institute (121), Tel Aviv University (180), Bar-Ilan University (454), and Ben Gurion University (440).