In early 2020, 141 RPOs have an institutional repository (source: OpenDOAR). The majority of Italian universities has adopted IRIS (Institutional Research Information System) the CRIS developed CINECA fully integrated with D-Space and OpenAIRE and Cerif compliant. The integration of the IR with the CRIS together with the adoption of OA institutional policies is boosting the implementation and the population of OA repositories in Italy.
In 2019 a group of Italian RPOs created the Italian Computing and Data Infrastructure (ICDI) a forum created by representatives of major Italian Research Infrastructures and e-Infrastructures, with the aim of promoting synergies at the national level, and optimising the Italian participation to European and global challenges in this field, including the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC), the European Data Infrastructure (EDI) and HPC.
ICDI provides the national research community with opportunities to discuss and negotiate common strategies for the participation in the Digital Single Market and the EOSC, in order to optimise and coordinate the Italian contribution to these initiatives. In order to understand the state of the art in this field, we mapped the Italian participation in pan-European Research Infrastructure and e- Infrastructure programmes. This assessment is intended as a first step to understand the feasibility and the extent of the coordination and, possibly, the federation of common resources. The Italian Ministry of Research and Education follows this initiative as an observer.
In 2016 AISA (Associazione Italiana per la promozione della Scienza Aperta – Italian Association for the promotion of Open Science) a non-profit organization for the advancement of open access to knowledge in Italy made a proposal to change the Italian copyright law " Proposta di modifica della legge sul diritto d'autore" in line with the changes made in Germany and more recently in France. The text of the proposal is available on AISA website and circulated among research communities and will be brought to the attention of the authorities in the current year hopefully.
In 2006 the Conference of Italian Universities Rectors (CRUI) established a Working Group on OA as part of the CRUI Library Committee. Since its founding the CRUI OA Working Group (OAWG) has performed several activities to support the implementation of OA in Italian universities. Most of the activities concentrated on the drafting and publication of Guidelines and Recommendations successively adopted by several universities. In 2007, CRUI OAWG published the Guidelines on depositing Doctoral Dissertations in open access repositories. (As of 2017 doctoral theses mandate has been implemented in 38 universities).
Later, CRUI OAWG released the following guidelines: Recommendations on OA and Research Evaluation in 2009; Guidelines for OA Journals in 2009; and Guidelines for Institutional Repositories in 2009, Guidelines on the creation and management of OA metadata in 2012. OAWG released Guidelines on drafting institutional policies and mandates for publications and data sets in June 2013.