Key networks & Aggregators
There is widespread awareness of Open Access in the Netherlands. Since 2005 all Dutch universities, the Netherlands Association of Universities of Applied Sciences, the KNAW, NWO, the Royal Library and SURF have signed the Berlin Declaration. In 2005, the Netherlands became the first country where all universities had their own repository with open access publications.
DANS, an institute of KNAW and NWO, provides access to all content of Dutch university repositories, KNAW, NWO, and a number of research institutes; through the national portal NARCIS. NARCIS provides access to (open access) publications, datasets of a number of data archives; and to descriptions of research projects, institutes and researchers. NARCIS has been developed by DANS, in close cooperation with the universities and other scholarly institutions. NARCIS is the Dutch source for scholarly output in OpenAIRE.
The Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences also encourage open access publishing. The HBO Kennisbank gives access to open access publications, including Bachelor’s and Master’s theses. The publications of the UAS professors and other researchers can also be found in NARCIS.
The national Open Access website, www.openaccess.nl, provides information on open access publishing for various stakeholders.
NARCIS is the gateway that provides access to 350,000 of scholarly datasets (January 2022) from researchers at Dutch universities and research institutes. NARCIS harvests 25 Dutch data repositories. DANS with the data archive EASY and 4TU.ResearchData provides durable storage and access to research data. These data sets are also made public by NARCIS.
Storage of research data during the research
In 2013 a number of Dutch universities, universities of applied sciences, and research institutes joined the DataverseNL, a partnership that jointly manages and deploys the Dataverse Network open source application for the archiving, citing and sharing of research data during the research by researchers themselves. The data management is in the hands of the institutions; DANS has been managing DataverseNL since May 2014.
Storage of research data after the research
DANS provides sustainable access to research data especially in the field of humanities and social sciences through EASY, an online archiving system. Researchers can use EASY to archive their own research data for the long term. Most data are open data or open after registration. 4TU.Centre for Research Data (4TU.ResearchData), a cooperation of TU Delft, TU Eindhoven, Wageningen University and Research Centre, and University of Twente, guarantees the storage, reuse and continuing accessibility of science and engineering research data. There are 23 other data archives in the Netherlands, from universities, but also from other research institutes, e.g. Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) or the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).
Collaboration Research Data institutes
DANS, 4TU.ResearchData, and SURFsara have joined forces on sustainable data archiving within the Research Data Netherlands (RDNL) partnership. The partnership is also open to other parties.
For more information on open data in the Netherlands see www.openaccess.nl.
national data repos
National publishing initiatives
To promote open science, and to retain copyright and ownership of texts, data, and all other products of research, universities should take control over publication and dissemination. With this project proposal we request funding for setting up a technical and editorial infrastructure for so-called University Journals, a new electronic open access publication platform with the appearance of a set of academic journals.
With University Journals, all products of research can be published quickly and fully, using university repositories. Building on existing infrastructure and expertise, University Journals require only modest resources and have many advantages over the current system that depends on commercial publishers.
University Journals are an immediate alternative to journals that charge open access fees and especially to the so-called predatory journals. In the longer term, University Journals can also be instrumental in achieving the goals of open science.
The requested funding for setting up University Journals would help finance a collaborative project by universities in the Netherlands and elsewhere in Europe
University journals is a joint project of 14 universities
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Universitat de Barcelona
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Technische Universiteit Delft
University of Essex
University of Groningen
University of Zurich
University of Amsterdam
Current University Publishing platforms
Uopen Journals is an incubator of Open Access Journals, Univerity Utrecht
TU Delft OPEN also publishes journals, dissertations and books.
National agreements with publishers
Since 2015 national licenses with academic publishers are strongly connected with open access. The renewal of what is known as the ‘big deal’ towards 'publish and read' or transformative agreements is an important opportunity for negotiating with the publishers on this. Publishers have been offering their journals in big package deals for over a decade. This provides universities with access to the publisher’s entire range of titles. The Dutch universities will take that opportunity to discuss not just the extension of those licences with publishers, but also the transition to open access. Universities expect publishers to make a serious effort to facilitate this transition.
Negotiations with the publishers
The negotiations with the publishers will be held in close cooperation with the UNL (Universiteiten van Nederland) and UKB (the consortium of university libraries and the National Library of the Netherlands). Currently, 16 agreements, including Wiley, Springer, Elsevier, Taylor and Francis, RSC, SAGE and ACS, have been made with publishers. This means that articles from corresponding authors associated with UNL will be published as open access and authors will not be charged. A dedicated webpage on openaccess.nl gives insight into the publisher agreements, workflows and the statistics and reveals the licenses online. 57,640 articles (January 2022) are published because of the agreements with publishers. For more information please read the frequently asked questions on open access by the UNL.
As is the case with open access journals for some time, there is no institutional or funders policy to financially support open access books
Some universities as Groningen, Leiden and Tilburg support open access books through participation in Knowledge Unlatched or by paying the costs of the Book Processing Costs (BPC) on behalf of the authors to publishers
Amsterdam University Press is primary partner in the OAPEN project, concerned with the Open Access publishing of humanities and social sciences monographs.