Poland
Last updated on 
Mar 22, 2022

National Open Access Desk

University of Warsaw (ICM)
  • Overview

    Open Science in Poland is originally a bottom-up movement. However, in recent years awareness of Open Access issues has been rising steadily. In 2008, members of the European University Association – among them 43 Polish higher education institutions and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland – issued their Recommendations from the EUA Working Group on Open Access, postulating the establishment of institutional repositories networked on the national and European level. In July 2013, the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland have jointly published a statement in support of the Green Road to Open Access, calling for institutional repositories to be established in all scientific units in the country. Finally, in October 2015, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) issued a document entitled „Kierunki rozwoju otwartego dostępu do treści naukowych w Polsce” (in Polish only; for a discussion of this document in English see the blog post "Poland: Initial open access policy") which sets specific OA recommendations for all major stakeholders in Poland.

    In March 2018, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) published a report on the implementation of open access policy („Raport nt. realizacji polityki otwartego dostępu do publikacji naukowych w latach 2015-2017”, in Polish only). The document summarized the efforts that had been undertaken in years 2015-2017, identified barriers to open access and provided recommendations for further work. In 2018, the Polish parliament passed the Law on Higher Education and Science, the so-called Law 2.0. It provided the framework for the reform of the higher education system.

    national overview

    Support and Landscape

    The Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) is responsible for the development and implementation of research policy. The Ministry provides core funding for the statutory activities of various types of research institutions and for large infrastructure investments, and it also supervises the two major governmental funding agencies – the National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki, NCN) and the National Centre for Research and Development (Narodowe Centrum Badań i Rozwoju, NCBR).

    The Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools (CRASP) in Poland is the representative body of academic schools, which have the right to award the doctor's degree (or equivalent) in at least one scientific discipline. On July 5, 2013 CRASP and Polish Academy of Sciences (Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) issued a joint statement on open access to scientific publications and educational resources. In 2018 CRASP published a statement on the implementation of open science model. CRASP is a member of European University Association, which supports universities in the implementation of Open Science principles.

    The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) is a national research institution founded in 1952. It conducts advanced research at its scientific units, integrates research community in Poland, supports and promotes various forms of research and educates young scholars. 

    State research institutes (see: Main Council of the Research Institutes) are government-run institutions that conduct R&D work in line with the needs of the national economy and social life.

    Two major governmental agencies are responsible for the bulk of research funding in Poland.

    The National Science Centre (NCN) was launched in 2011 as the main governmental agency supporting basic research in Poland. This is achieved through the funding of research projects in all fields of sciences and humanities as well as doctoral fellowships and post-doctoral internships. NCN belongs to the cOAlition S from its beginning (September, 2018).  In April, 2019 NCN announced plans to introduce open science policy, as well as the requirement for data management plan (DMP) and published guidelines for applicants to complete the DMP form in the proposal. In February 2020 members of the Council expressed their approval for a new open access policy to publications created as a result of research projects funded entirely or in part from NCN resources. The obligation to ensure open access to published research findings will apply to all projects recommended for funding under calls announced on 16 June 2020 and later (see: Introducing a policy of open access to research project publications).

    The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR) was established in July 2007. It is a governmental agency responsible for the funding of applied scientific research programmes and activities. Its main task is the managing and implementation of strategic scientific research that should lead directly to the development of innovations. NCBR also supports the commercialization of scientific research results.

    Another important research funder is The Foundation for Polish Science, a non-governmental and non-profit institution. 

    The Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (NAWA) was established in 2017. It is responsible for coordinating state activities driving the process of internationalization of Polish academic and research institutions. Members of the Board and the Director of the Polish National Agency of Academic Exchange (NAWA) declared support for Plan S.

    More information on the research landscape in Poland can be found on the EURAXESS website.

    national landscape

    National Initiatives

    Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling at the University of Warsaw runs the Open Science Platform, which functions as the OpenAIRE National Open Access Desk (NOAD) for Poland and also runs several nationwide online services for Open Science.

    • The Library of Science - an Open Access platform that makes available metadata and full texts of articles published in Polish scientific journals and selected scientific books. The Library of Science is available for free to anyone with a standard web browser and internet connection. The publications can be viewed and downloaded on your computer or mobile device without the necessity to log in on the Platform. Both articles and books are available in PDF format and formats such as EPUB, MOBI and XML are supported as well.
    The service was launched in 2014. The new version of the platform has been developed in the project titled “Platform of Polish Scientific Publications” (more information on the OpenAIRE blog). As for January 2022, almost 450 000 articles from 1536 scientific journals and over 680 books have been gathered in the Library of Science. The majority of scientific books available on the Platform were previously hosted on a separate “Open the Book” site. Additional books are added to the Library of Science on a daily basis directly by the cooperating Publishers.
    • CeON Repository - an open-access repository for the research output of Polish scholars. 
    • CeON Aggregator - a single access point to Polish open access repositories. It provides greater visibility of Polish research output. Currently it enables access to over 370 000 documents in 21 repositories.

    In 2020, new data repositories were launched by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, the University of Warsaw as part of the project "Disciplinary Open Research Data Repositories" (Dziedzinowe Repozytoria Otwartych Danych Badawczych - English information). All repositories are open for everyone to use and free of charge.

    • Repository for Open Data (RepOD, Repozytorium Otwartych Danych) - a new version of the repository, a general-purpose repository for open research data, offering scholars the possibility to deposit their datasets. The purpose of the repository is to make available in the Internet research data, such as tables, photographs, audiovisual material, and any other types of data created, collected, or annotated for academic research.
    • Macromolecular Xtallography Raw Data Repository (MX-RDR) - a domain-specific digital repository of raw diffraction data collected for macromolecular crystals. It includes tools simplifying metadata descriptions by combining information extracted directly from diffraction images, obtained from the PDB database and/or user input.
    • Social Data Repository (RDS, Repozytorium Danych Społecznych) - a domain-specific digital repository of social data. The purpose of the repository is to make available in the Internet social data, consisting of data sets and accompanying technical or methodological documentation.

     

    The Coalition for Open Education is an alliance of organizations that work actively towards Open Science and Open Education. The mission of the Coalition for Open Education is to support the creation of open educational resources (OER) and to promote best practices and tools with respect to OER. Along with EBIB Association, it coordinates Open Access Week in Poland.

  • Open Science Policy

    National Policy

    Open Access Policy

    A national open access strategy is under preparation. In 2015 Poland has accepted an initial document that lays a foundation for a future national open access policy. The document, entitled "Directions of the development of open access to research publications and research results in Poland", recommends a move towards open access to all relevant stakeholders. In March 2018, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) published a report on the implementation of open access policy („Raport nt. realizacji polityki otwartego dostępu do publikacji naukowych w latach 2015-2017”, in Polish only). The document summarized the efforts that had been undertaken in the years 2015-2017, identified barriers to open access and provided recommendations for further work.

    European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) National Structure

    • EOSC national structure: EOSC Network – Poland
    • EOSC mandated organisation: National Science Center (NCN)

    “EOSC Network – Poland” has been established to support the development of EOSC, coordinate and strengthen EOSC-related activities at the national level and embed them in the international context of EOSC. The informal group is coordinated by the National Science Centre, a national representative to EOSC SB and a mandated organisation to EOSC Association. “EOSC–Network Poland” gathers experts from members and observers of the EOSC Association and is open to any institutions engaged with EOSC or Open Science.

    More information: Garavelli, Sara, Märkälä, Anu, & Liinamaa, Iiris. (2021). EOSC National Structures: an overview of the national EOSC coordination and engagement mechanisms in Europe, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5602949

    At earlier stages, the national participation in EOSC was closely related to the projects listed on the EOSC Synergy website. Institutions involved in EOSC-related projects: 

    • Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center (affiliated to the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences), PCSS,
    • Academic Computer Centre CYFRONET AGH.

    national policy

    Funder policy

    The National Science Centre (NCN) was among 11 national research funding organisations that launched the cOAlition S in 2018.

    In April, 2019 NCN announced plans to introduce open science policy, as well as the requirement for data management plan (DMP) and published guidelines for applicants to complete the DMP form in the proposal. See: https://ncn.gov.pl/sites/default/files/pliki/regulaminy/wytyczne_zarzadzanie_danymi_ang.pdf

    In February, 2020 members of the Council of the National Science Centre expressed their approval for a new open access policy to publications created as a result of research projects funded entirely or in part from NCN resources. The obligation to ensure open access to published research findings will apply to all projects recommended for funding under calls announced on 16 June 2020. See: https://www.ncn.gov.pl/aktualnosci/2020-02-27-plany-ncn-otwarty-dostep?language=en

    In result, Open Access Policy was adopted by Order No 40/2020 of the Director of the National Science Centre of 31 May 2020. As announced on the funder's website: "The Open Access Policy was modelled on the postulates of Plan S and will also be adopted, in a similar form, by other members of cOAlition S. The document enters into force on the day of signing and shall apply to calls announced on 15 June this year and projects based on implementation  agreements signed after 1 January 2021". The document provides information on the publication routes compliant with Plan S, as well as cost eligibility, licensing and copyright protection, and additional provisions. See: https://www.ncn.gov.pl/aktualnosci/2020-06-03-wprowadzenie-polityki-otwartego-dostepu?language=en 

    In July 2020 NCN announced that cOAlition S has developed the Rights Retention Strategy. According to the implementation roadmap, NCN will adopt the strategy from 1 January 2021 (early adopter). See: https://www.ncn.gov.pl/aktualnosci/2020-07-15-kolejny-etap-wdrazania-planu-s?language=enhttps://www.coalition-s.org/plan-s-funders-implementation/

     

    funder policy

    Institutional Policy

    In October, 2019 the Coalition for Open Education prepared a report on institutional open access policies in Poland (released on the Coalition website under CC BY licence). The report was prepared by Iwona Sójkowska (EBIB Association) and Natalia Gruenpeter (ICM, also NOAD in Poland). Presented below is a condensed version of the report, as well as updates from October 2019 to March 2020.

    Recommendations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education

    In Poland, developing and adopting open access policy is recommended by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education: "The first step towards defining the principles of open access should be the adoption of open access policy by each scientific unit and university." → https://www.gov.pl/web/nauka/otwarty-dostep-do-publikacji-naukowych

     Recommendations in "Directions of the development of open access to research publications and research results in Poland” (2015) include providing open access to research results (with a preference for libre open access): “To achieve this it is necessary to develop and adopt institutional open access policies at the level of scientific units or universities. These policies may in particular require that authors of scientific publications from publicly funded research deposit them in a specific repository (make the full text or reference-link to the text published in gold open access available in the repository)” (p. 12). →  https://www.gov.pl/web/nauka/dokumenty-na-temat-otwartego-dostepu

    Open access policies

    Higher education institutions:

    • Warsaw School of Economics, 22.11.2017 | PL
    • University of Gdańsk, 14.12.2017 | PL
    • Medical University of Lodz, 22.02.2018 | PL
    • Cracow University of Technology, 22.03.2019 | PL
    • Poznań University of Life Sciences, 9.10.2019 | PL
    • Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, 10.10.2019 | PL
    • The University of Rzeszów, 28.11.2019 | PL
    • Jagiellonian University, 20.12.2019 | PL
    • University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 23.12.2019 | PL
    • University of Silesia in Katowice, 8.02.2020 | PL
    • The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, 24.02.2020 | PL
    • University of Wrocław, 2.04.2020 | PL
    • Lublin University of Technology, 6.11.2020 | PL
    • Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań,  8.01.2021 | PL

    Seven medical universities and one scientific institute adopted a joint open access policy of the Polish Medical Platform (Polska Platforma Medyczna, a project financed under the Digital Poland Operational Programme; Action 2.3 Sub-activity 2.3.1, type II: digital availability of science resources):

    Joint Open Access Policy | PL

    • Medical University of Bialystok
    • Wroclaw Medical University
    • Medical University of Gdańsk
    • Medical University of Silesia
    • Medical University of Lublin
    • Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin 
    • Medical University of Warsaw
    • Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine

    Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine first adopted its own institutional open access policy (28.12.2016), and later adopted joint policy of the Polish Medical Platform (26.09 2018).

    Research institutes:

    • Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences | 2.10.2017 | PL ENG 
    • Institute of Law Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences | PL 
    • Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences | PL ENG
    • Central Mining Institute in Katowice, 16.07.2018 | PL
    • Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal in Zabrze, 12.09.2018 | PL ENG
    • International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology in Warsaw, 14.11.2019 | PL ENG
    • Institute of Literary Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 1.02.2021| PL

    Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling (ICM), University of Warsaw introduced open access policy before 2015 (7.10.2014) | PL ENG

    Institutions developing open access policies

    The following institutions are planning to adopt open access policies (information on websites or received via email):

    • University of Warsaw | info 
    • West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin | info 
    • Warsaw University of Life Sciences
    • Military University of Technology, MUT
    • University of Opole
    • Gdańsk University of Technology
    • Wrocław University of Science and Technology
    • The Cardinal Wyszyński University in Warsaw
    • University of Lodz
    • Institute of Literary Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences
    • Maj Institute of Pharmacology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
    • Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences

    institutional policy

  • Infrastructure & EOSC

    Key networks & Aggregators

    Data repositories

    Until the beginning of 2020, there were only 2 data repositories in Poland: the general the general purpose Repository for Open Data RepOD launched in 2015, and the disciplinary repository of linguistics datasets CLARIN-PL.

     

    In 2020, new data repositories were launched by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw as part of the project "Disciplinary Open Research Data Repositories" (Dziedzinowe Repozytoria Otwartych Danych Badawczych - English information). All repositories are open for everyone to use and free of charge. 

    • Repository for Open Data (RepOD, Repozytorium Otwartych Danych) - a new version of the repository, a general-purpose repository for open research data, offering scholars the possibility to deposit their datasets. The purpose of the repository is to make available in the Internet research data, such as tables, photographs, audiovisual material, and any other types of data created, collected, or annotated for academic research.
    • Macromolecular Xtallography Raw Data Repository (MX-RDR) - a domain-specific digital repository of raw diffraction data collected for macromolecular crystals. It includes tools simplifying metadata descriptions by combining information extracted directly from diffraction images, obtained from the PDB database and/or user input.
    • Social Data Repository (RDS, Repozytorium Danych Społecznych) - a domain-specific digital repository of social data. The purpose of the repository is to make available in the Internet social data, consisting of data sets and accompanying technical or methodological documentation.

     

    Open Forest Data - data repository designed to provide access to natural sciences data and provide scientists with an infrastructure for storing, sharing and archiving their research outcomes, it was launched within the project e-Puszcza. Podlasie nature scientific data repository by Mammal Research Institute of Polish Academy of Sciences and Bialystok University of Technology.

     

    Bridge of Data - data repository that allows for the collecting and sharing of research data from various disciplines and in various formats, it was developed as part of the project "Bridge of Data. Multidisciplinary Open Knowledge Transfer System - stage II: Open Research Data" by the Gdańsk University of Technology. 

    national data repos

    National publishing initiatives

    There are many open journal platforms providing hosting for open access journals published by university presses and institutes, among them:

     

     

    National agreements with publishers

    In Poland, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education finances the purchase of country-level or consortial licenses for access to paywalled content from many major academic publishers. The task of negotiating terms of access and preparing deals is assigned to the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling (ICM), University of Warsaw. In December 2018, the Ministry noted that the purchase conditions should refer to the introduction of the Plan S and be based on international solutions and directions. ICM UW has conducted negotiations with Elsevier, Springer Nature, Wiley, Science and Clarivate. A transformative agreement with Springer has been reached („read&publish” agreement for years 2019-2021) and a similar agreement is planned with Wiley in 2020. With Elsevier there is a deal for Scopus database, SciVal tool and a completely new national license for 19 journals from Cell Press collection. Despite few rounds of negotiations Elsevier has not presented a satisfactory offer for the journals from Freedom Collection along with Lancet journals. ICM UW expressed willingness to continue negotiations that will take into account open access publishing model compliant with Plan S. For more information visit website: Wirtualna Biblioteka Nauki (in Polish only).

    31.05.2019, update 

    A new deal with Elsevier has been reached in Poland on May 31, 2019. A three-year national license agreement enables access to 1819 journals, including 1638 current (with volumes from 1995) and 181 archival journals. The licence also covers selected book packages bought in 2015 and 2016: 1712 monographs from 2013 and 2014 and 803 volumes of book series or guide series (handbooks) from 2011-2015. The Elsevier 2019-2021 national license also includes a pilot program that gives authors affiliated with institutions submitted for a license the right to publish in open access in hybrid and gold open access Elsevier journals. The program allows the publication in three subsequent years, respectively, 500, 1000 and 1500 articles from Poland, the cost of which will be financed from the national license fee. The program will be launched in June 2019, when the detailed instructions for the authors will be published. For more information visit:https://wbn.icm.edu.pl/licencje/#elsevier (in Polish only).

    12.01.2021, update

    Wirtualna Biblioteka Nauki has set up a separate webpage with information on the open publishing programmes launched within the national licences: https://wbn.icm.edu.pl/publikowanie-otwarte/ (in Polish only).

    OA books

    Full texts of selected scientific books are available on the Library of Science, an Open Access platform that makes available metadata and full texts of articles published in Polish scientific journals as well as books. The majority of books available on the Platform were previously hosted on a separate “Open the Book” site. Additional books are added on a daily basis directly by the cooperating Publishers. 

  • Training & Support

    National OA pages and resources

    Platforma Otwartej Nauki (Open Science Platform), website | Twitter Facebook

    Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modeling, University of Warsaw (ICM - English website) has been actively involved in Open Science for many years, with its activities in areas such as developing open infrastructure for dissemination of scholarly outputs, providing training and consultancy for researchers and research institutions, as well as promoting open science among Polish citizens. Open science initiatives at ICM date from as far back as the end of the 20th century, with first deployments in the area of mathematics and natural sciences. Now ICM runs the Open Science Platform that is active not only in the area of open access to scientific articles in all disciplines, but also provides services for data sharing, organize workshops and functions as the National Open Access Desk for Poland (OpenAIRE).

    Otwarta Nauka, website

    Polish information service about open science run by the Open Science Platform team. 

     

    Koalicja Otwartej Edukacji (Coalition for Open Education), website 

    Coalition for Open Education is an alliance of non-governmental organisations and institutions operating in the field of education, science and culture. The mission of the Coalition is to support the creation of open educational resources (OER) and to promote best practices and tools in respect to OER. 

    Uwolnij Naukę, website

    Polish information service about open science and open educational resources run by the Coalition for Open Education.

     

  • Statistics

    View Statistics in the country page of Open Science Observatory

  • News

    The development of open research data repositories in Poland
    1 Feb 2022

    The development of open research data repositories in Poland

    Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw (ICM) has developed three data repositories open for researchers from various research fields and countries.  Services were created as part of the project "Disciplinary Open Research Data Repositories" that was aimed at enhancing access to academic resources by making them available in dedicated resear...

    The launch of the new Library of Science website in Poland
    8 Jul 2021

    The launch of the new Library of Science website in Poland

    Over 320 people from Poland and around the world participated in the launch event of the Library of Science organized on June 15, 2021. The new website was inaugurated as part of the 'Platform of Polish Scientific Publications' project by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw (ICM UW).  The Library of Science - the new version of the p...

    OpenAIRE alternative funding for non-author fee publishing platforms: IBL PAN
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    Poland: Initial open access policy
    13 May 2016

    Poland: Initial open access policy

    In October 2015, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) in Poland issued a document that reflects the Polish response to the European Commission's recommendation of July 17, 2012, on access to and preservation of scientific information. The published document, entitled „Directions of the development of open access to research publications and research results in P...

    Open Access and research institutions in Poland
    15 Apr 2016

    Open Access and research institutions in Poland

    Blogpost by Michał Starczewski and Lidia Stępińska-Ustasiak   Report by  Wojciech Fenrich, Tomasz Lewandowski, Krzysztof Siewicz, Michał Starczewski, Lidia Stępińska-Ustasiak, and Jakub Szprot (editor). The Open Science Platform (ICM, University of Warsaw) has recently published a report “Open Access and research institutions”. The focus of the report is on the basic issues related to op...

    Open Science in Poland 2014. A Diagnosis
    5 Sep 2015

    Open Science in Poland 2014. A Diagnosis

    Transition to Open Access in Poland has been happening for some time. Over 20 scientific institutions have repositories, some of them implemented OA policies, near 950 journals are available freely on the internet. But the transition results solely from bottom-up initiatives. The report “Open Science in Poland 2014. A Diagnosis” analyses the strengths and limitations of such a model.The aim of the...

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OpenAIRE has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreements No. 777541 and 101017452 (see all).

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