Romania
Last updated on 
11 May 2020

National Open Access Desk

Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI)
Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI)
  • Overview

    The following categories of units and institutions of public law are included in the national R&D system:

    1. national research and development institutes;
    2. accredited higher education institutions or their research and development structures, without legal personality, established according to the University Charter;
    3. institutes, centres or research-development centres subordinated to the Romanian Academy or branch academies;
    4. other research-development institutes, centres or stations organized as public or public institutions;
    5. international research and development centres set up under international agreements;
    6. institutes or research and development centres organized within national societies, national companies and autonomous regions;
    7. other public or public law institutions which have as their object of activity the research-development or their legally constituted structures.
    Moreover, in the national R&D system, the following categories of private units and institutions are also included: accredited private higher education institutions or their research and development structures, without legal personality, established according to the University Charter; institutes or research-development centres without patrimonial purpose, recognized for the public utility; other institutes, centres or R&D centres organized as private legal entities without patrimonial purpose; other non-governmental organizations, without a patrimonial purpose, which have as object of activity and the research-development or their legally constituted structures; companies whose main activity is research and development; companies having as an additional field of activity, research and development. (ORDINANCE No. 57 of 16 August 2002 on scientific research and technological development)
    The public body responsible for organizing and coordinating the Romanian system of RDI is the Ministry of Research and Innovation. And its activities are directed through the National RDI Strategy 2014-2020, implemented according to the RDI National Plan 2015-2020. The main funders in this process are UEFISCDI, the Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding, which is in charge of managing 4 funding lines under the RDI National Plan and other programs, and the Management Authority responsible with implementing the Operational Program on Competitiveness, as part of structural funds. One of the platforms used for managing applications is https://uefiscdi-direct.ro/.
     
    Romania finances the participation of different research organizations in Research Infrastructures which are both part and not part of ESFRI. A part of its funds for the RDI funds goes to projects such as ELI NP (Extreme Light Infrastructure - Nuclear Physics) and DANUBIUS –RI (The International Centre for Advanced Studies on River-Sea Systems). Both RIs play an important role at European and global level in their fields.

    Support and Landscape

    Currently, Open Access and Open Science receive limited support through the Romanian National Strategy (SNCDI 2014-2020) and National Plan for RDI (PNCDI III – 2015-2020). The National Strategy mentions ensuring and supporting open access to research results as one of its priorities, which can be obtained through the following two types of activities:

    • Ensuring access to scientific research from mains streams, for all research organizations;
    • Encouraging the publication of Romanian research results, financed by public funds, according to gold "open access" standards.

    National Initiatives

    With the support of OpenAIRE, as the OpenAIRE NOAD Romania, UEFISCDI intensified the promotion of open science and got involved in different activities meant to facilitate the dialogue for a national approach to open science. Inside the institution there has been established the Open Science Hub Romania (OSHRO) to be a constant formation dedicated to OS with the two folded mission of offering national support as well as to be the main connector to Europe and the international community with regards to open science. Through the hub, the institution gets closer to the RDI communities and supports national agenda towards an open RDI system. The main connection of the OSHRO team to the international OS communities is ensured through the activities carried as OpenAIRE NOAD Romania, RDA Node Romania, NI4OS partners.

    The role and expertize UEFISCDI has in the national RDI system (as a funder but as a policy adviser as well) and the experience gained with regards to open science led to becoming the main responsible, at national level, for developing the national strategic framework for Open Science (until the end of 2020), in collaboration with the Ministry of Research and Innovation; more details, here.

    The hub aims to ensure a sustainable platform for dialogue amongst all research and innovation stakeholders and all relevant actors and facilitate the transition towards a system based on an open exchange of knowledge.

    On March 10th, 2020, UEFISCDI, through the Open Science Hub Romania organized the first event at national level dedicated to OS strategic framework development. Other 3 events alike supposed to be organized at regional level as well. According to the initial planning these should have been organized until the end on June 2020; taking into account the actual situation caused by the Coronavirus, a re-planning will be made as soon as it will be possible.

    This event is part of a larger initiative of consultation - series of mutual learning workshops - to facilitate the dialogue and exchange of good practice between international experts and the main national stakeholders (policy makers, universities and other research institutions, libraries, relevant actors from public and private sector).

    The main results of this first event of consultation has been the identification of interests, needs and opportunities to be taken into account in the setting of the national strategic framework and recommendations to be included in a national action plan for open science. These will also be further discussed and new ones will be further identified in a follow-up set-up: webinars and online consultation to be planned; also, the dialogue with the main actors will be maintained via a mailing list.  

    More information on the event and the presentations held by the speakers can be accessed here.

    Apart from this main current initiative of developing the national strategic framework for OS, it worth mentioning the 2 platforms which are important national instruments enabling collaboration in science: BrainMap and ERRIS (Engage in Romanian Research Infrastructures System). Both were produced and are administrated by UEFISCDI and offer information about the research landscape in Romania. BrainMap serves to a certain degree as a social platform for Romanian and foreign researchers (who, for example, have been involved in implementing projects in Romania), as same as a platform from which UEFISCDI recruits evaluators for its calls for applications. Moreover, it offers an overview of the researchers active in different fields of activity and with certain competencies, on the basis of a wordcloud.
    ERRIS is complementary to the previous platform, in the sense that it offers an overview of existing research facilities, equipment, services and technological services at national level. The search can be done both on the basis of key words regarding research fields and trough an interactive map. The platform facilitates open access to Romanian research infrastructures by serving as an intermediary between service/ equipment providers and those who request access to it.
     
    The Romanian National Roadmap with Research Infrastructures should also be mentioned, as one of the criteria for evaluating the applicant RIs referred to offering open access to its equipment and services (Note: Open Access in the context of RIs does not necessarily mean free access. This can also include access on the basis of a fee.). The English version of Romanian National Roadmap with Research Infrastructures can be accessed through the following link.
     
    Another initiative worth mentioning is the one carried by the Association of Universities, Research and Development Institutes and University Central Libraries in Romania (ANELIS PLUS) which since 2013 has been ensuring access to electronic information resources through the acquisition of full text databases / platforms and bibliographic and bibliometric databases. This way, the Association aims at providing mobile access to both international publications and online databases, as well as the national repository with research publications. Among its objectives, the following can be also found: promoting at national level the initiative to develop an open access system for scientific publications; creating links with the Romanian editorial platform SCIPIO and open access institutional deposits hosted by universities and libraries in Romania.
  • Open Science Policy

    National Policy

    Currently, Open Access and Open Science receive limited support through the Romanian National Strategy (SNCDI 2014-2020) and National Plan for RDI (PNCDI III – 2015-2020). The National Strategy mentions ensuring and supporting open access to research results as one of its priorities, which can be obtained through the following two types of activities:

    • Ensuring access to scientific research from mains streams, for all research organizations;
    • Encouraging the publication of Romanian research results, financed by public funds, according to gold "open access" standards.

    Prospectives: In September 2019, UEFISCDI, having as a partner the Ministry of Education and Research started a process of developing a national strategic framework for open science (until the end of 2020), as part of a larger project of strategic developments regarding the RDI national system. The goal of the process is to identify the main strategic options and actions for a transition to OS, involving in consultations the main actors in the country. Among the recommendations/ options identified so far to be included in a national plan are the core themes of OS – aligned with the European recommendations and practices: ensuring OA to the all the publicly funded research publications (starting 2021) and introducing RDMPs requirements (including FAIR) for all publicly funded projects. The process is led by the team involved in the Open Science Hub Romania (inside UEFISCDI), who is the Romanian OpenAIRE NOAD as well.

    Aditional actions at national level supporting Open Science policies adoption - the Open Government Partnership:
    On the 15th of November 2018, the Romanian Government approved the 2018-2020 National Action Plan as part of the Open Government Partnership. Compared to its previous versions, the new Plan included a section dedicated to Open access to research results. As stated in the document, the Romanian Government commits to adopt a national Open Access strategy for research results, by implementing pilot programs and substantiating research and public consultation.
    More specifically, the following actions were proposed:
    1. Identify and support a pilot public institution (ministry, agency, university, research institute) which will adopt a policy of publishing, communicating and valorisation on all scientific results financed by public funds with Open Access.
    2. Identify a domain with lower potential for commercial re-use controversy; the development of rules on the publication of open research results under an open license; implementation of these rules for acquisitions of central public institutions or projects funded by them. Create a repository for the data resulted from these projects.

    Funder policy

    Institutional Policy

  • Infrastructure & EOSC

    Key networks & Aggregators

     

    ASPEKTIt is the institutional repository of the Transilvania University of Brasov, that at the moment works as a repository for scientific articles, doctoral and postgraduate theses that have been elaborated at the Transilvania University of Brașov, in Research Departments.

    ARTHRA Digital RepositoryARTHRA Digital Repository is the institutional repository of „Dunarea de Jos“ University of Galati and makes the university scientific output freely available. ARTHRA ensures preservation and management of documents and provides access to: articles of the academic community published in the annals of the university, doctoral theses and abstracts submitted in the university, conference and workshop papers, educational materials (tutorials, library guides), references, papers of library staff. The information retrieval in ARTHRA returns the results of the full content of all documents. The digital documents submitted in ARTHRA are also indexed in Google Scholar. For the time being, ARTHRA is included in OpenDOAR and Duraspace.

    AnelisPlus National DepositStarting from 2013, the Association of Universities, Research and Development Institutes and University Central Libraries in Romania ANELIS PLUS, has been ensuring access to electronic information resources through the acquisition of full text databases / platforms and bibliographic and bibliometric databases. This way, the Association aims at providing mobile access to both international publications and online databases, as well as to the national repository with research publications. Among its objectives, the following can be also found: promoting at national level the initiative to develop an open access system for scientific publications; creating links with the Romanian editorial platform SCIPIO and open access institutional deposits hosted by universities and libraries in Romania.

    Data repositories

    National publishing initiatives

    Open Access is the condition for a scientific journal to receive state aid, being a precise requirement under strict terms, which can be found here.
    There is also a bill in the Romanian Parliament to establish a National Electronic Registry for Scientific Works initiated in 2015, than can be found here.

    National agreements with publishers

    No information available

    OA books

  • Training & Support

    Since January 2018, UEFISCDI (The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding) is part of the OpenAIRE Advance Consortium as the Romanian NOAD. As a result, the Agency is currently implementing different activities of training and support on topics related to Open Science and Open Access. For more information, please access the webpage indicated below or contact us at one of the available e-mail addresses:

    Contact persons:

    • Mihaela Cucu -  
    • Alina Irimia – 
    • Andreea Popa – 
  • Statistics

    66971 OA publications in 268 repositories
  • News

    28 June 2019
    On the 13th of June, 2019, UEFISCDI (Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding - https://uefiscdi.gov.ro), as OpenAIRE NOAD in Romania, has organized at the National University of Political Science and Public Administration (SNSPA - http://snspa.ro/), a workshop addressed to both young and more experienced researchers on the following s...
    22 November 2018
    On the 22nd of October, 2018, rightat the start of the Open Access Week, took place the Romanian OpenAIRE NationalWorkshop – Implementing Open Access and Open Science in Romania. Theevent was organized by UEFISCDI (theExecutive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and InnovationFunding), as Romanian OpenAIRE NOAD,and took place in the North of Bucharest, at the National University of...
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