Open Science Timeline (detailed and could be zoomed):
The University of Belgrade, Computer Center (RCuB) and Institute of Physics Belgrade (IPB) are partners in the NI4OS-Europe project (National Initiatives for Open Science in Europe) that will facilitate the collaboration of national open science stakeholders and onboarding of national open science infrastructures into the EOSC.
The Institute for the Serbian Language of the Serbian Academy for Sciences and Arts, as the national coordinating institution for DARIAH in Serbia, is currently working on expanding the network of partners and providing a solid foundation for the development of digital infrastructure for the arts and humanities.
In the last ten years, Serbian researchers have achieved encouraging initial results in the domain of international scientific and technological cooperation. Te programmes in which they have been involved include the FP7 and H2020 projects, as well as COST, EUREKA, NATO Science for Peace and Security. Researches from Serbia also cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and take part in bilateral cooperation programmes. In addition to these cooperation programmes, Serbia has actively participated in European and international scientific organisations such as CERN.
|2018||Focus on Open Science: Open Science and the Management of A Cultural Change|
|National Open Science Days|
|PSSOH (Application of Free Software and Open Hardware) Conference|
|2017||Supporting Open Access journal editors and publishers in Serbia|
|2016||Open Science in Horizon 2020: Serbia OpenAIRE National Workshop|
The Law on Higher Education (Amendments as of 2014) stipulates the establishment of a central national digital repository of PhD theses defended at all universities in Serbia – both public and private, accompanied with thesis evaluation reports. The NARDUS database was launched late in 2015. It is managed by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development.
A working group was established by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development (MESTD) with the task of preparing a funder Open Science policy. As the Ministry is the main funder of research in Serbia, such a policy would also serve as a national OS policy.
The main elements of the policy are:
The funder policy is intended to serve as an umbrella document. It sets merely the basic requirements, including the technical requirements for repositories. All other details (depositing procedures, responsibilities for training, administration, monitoring the efficiency of OA policies, etc.) will be addressed in Institutional policies.
Universities and research institutes shall define and adopt their open science platforms within six months, in accordance with this Platform. Progress and compliance will be monitored by the Ministry.
On December 3, 2018, the public discussion on the Draft Law on Science and Research has been opened. Open Science is addressed in several articles of the Draft Law.
As the MESTD is the main national research funder and the Open Science Platform will actually serve as the national open science policy. The Platform mandates deposits in open access repositories and recommends open access to research data. Research institutions are expected to adopt institutional Open Science policies within six months using the national Platform as a framework. In this context, with a national policy in place, the main purpose of institutional policies is to ensure its implementation at the institutional level.
|Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ITS SASA)||September, 2018||in Serbian|
|University of Kragujevac||December, 2018||in Serbian|
|Institute for Balkan Studies of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts||December, 2018||in Serbian|
|Institute for Plant Protection and Environment||December, 2018||in Serbian|
|University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies||January, 2019||in Serbian|
|Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia||February, 2019|
|University of Pristina, Kosovska Mitrovica||March, 2019||in Serbian|
|University of Belgrade||March, 2019||in Serbian||in English|
|Institute for Animal Husbandry||March, 2019||in Serbian|
|University of Niš||March, 2019||in Serbian|
|University of Arts in Belgrade||July, 2019||in Serbian|
|University of Novi Sad||September, 2019||in Serbian|
|State University of Novi Pazar||September, 2019||in Serbian|
The first institution to adopt an institutional open science policy in Serbia was the Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ITS SASA). Late in September 2018, the document Rules of Procedure on the Implementation of the MESTD Open Science Platform was officially adopted and published on the institute’s website (in Serbian). Is accompanied with an annex explaining the key concepts and procedures. The institutional policy mandates deposits for all research outputs (and not only those funded by the MESTD) of the researchers employed at the institute. In case a publication is not open access, researchers are required to deposit a peer-reviewed manuscript which will be made open access after an embargo period.
The University of Belgrade appointed a working group tasked with drafting an umbrella university policy that would define the framework for individual institutional policies at the faculties and research institutes under the auspices of the University of Belgrade. It is reasonable to expect that at least three institutes (Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Science and the Siniša Stanković Institute for Biological Research) and one faculty (Faculty of Chemistry) of the University of Belgrade, which have fully operational institutional repositories, will adopt institutional OA policies as soon as the umbrella policy is in place. The future open science policy of the University of Belgrade will certainly provide a model for other universities in Serbia.
A major obstacle in the process of devising institutional policies is certainly an underdeveloped repository network in Serbia. The majority of institutions would prefer to establish an institutional repository before adopting a policy and it may take some time before they decide on the most appropriate software platform and allocate funding and human resources for this purpose. Nevertheless, lively activities have been taking place in this area over the past several months (2019).
More about institutional policies is available at http://www.eifl.net/blogs/open-science-move-serbia
More results in establishing institutional policies are expected during the Erasmus+ project Be-OPEN Boosting Engagement of Serbian Universities in Open Science (leading by the University of Novi Sad, started on October 1, 2016). The Project objective is: (1) to advance national and institutional guidelines, policies, and incentives related to the open science, and (2) to build institutional and individual capacities in order to ensure the sustainable implementation of open science principles and enhance the social inclusiveness and accountability of publicly-funded research.
Five institutions signed Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities:
Repositories which: (1) provides open access to the publications, as well as to other outputs of the research projects implemented in the institution; (2) Creative Commons licenses implementation; and (3) OpenAIRE 3.0 (OA, funding) compliant, are:
There are few more repositories:
Few repositories established during the Erasmus+ project Be-OPEN Boosting Engagement of Serbian Universities in Open Science, 2016-2019:
IRIES, institutional repository of scientific publications of Institute of Economic Sciences, Belgrade (ebooks.ien.bg.ac.rs), an ePrints-powered institutional repository. It also contains items that are not OA, due to copyright restrictions. Creative Commons licenses are implemented. It supports OAI 2.0.
CrisNS (http://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/), a repository of PhD theses powered by an in-house developed software tool and maintained by the University of Novi Sad. It incorporates the openDLT-based system called PHD UNS digital library (http://dosird.uns.ac.rs/phd-uns-digital-library-phd-dissertations).
Phaidra, maintained by the university libraries in Belgrade (phaidrabg.bg.ac.rs), Niš (phaidrani.ni.ac.rs) and Kragujevac (phaidrakg.kg.ac.rs), was originally intended to serve as a platform for institutional repositories of these universities. However, university staff have not shown great interest in depositing their research there and the platforms is now principally used as a thesis repository – E-THESES (eteze.bg.ac.rs). Creative Commons licenses are implemented. Since the platform does not have an OAI-PMH module, harvesting is enabled through NaRDuS.
eLibrary (elibrary.matf.bg.ac.rs), a DSpace-powered OA repository of digitized materials that also contains some current research outputs. It is maintained by the Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade, and the Mathematical Institute of SASA and supported by MESTD through national projects 13017 and III 044006. The deposited materials are free to read but it remains unclear whether the owners of the repository have been granted the right (by copyright holders) to make them OA.
Serbia does not have a research data management infrastructure. Major efforts are still focused on awareness raising, primarily achieved through international projects – e.g. the Institute of Economic Sciences in Belgrade has been involved in a number of projects focusing on Open access to research data in social sciences (SERSCIDA, SEEDS).
MESTD subsidizes publishing costs for selected academic journal publishers (mostly scientific associations and research institutions) and research institutions. Subsidies are mostly focused on print editions. Publishers are not required to make their content OA. Nevertheless, the greatest part of publications eventually get freely available for readers through various channels. In January, 2019 there are 160 Serbian journals in DOAJ, Apart from individual subsidies, there are two major national projects that are specifically OA-oriented.
SCIndeks: The Serbian Citation Index (scindeks.ceon.rs)
SCIndeks indexes locally published scholarly journals. In addition to basic article descriptions, SCIndeks contains abstracts and references/citations (metadata) for all articles. Articles from the journals of a certain level of quality which accepted Open Access as a publishing model are available as full text. SCIndeks was initially a national project funded by the ministry responsible for science. However, in 2014, regular funding ceased and the project moved to a different business model in 2015, due to which the coverage of some journals was discontinued.SCIndeks is selected as a grantee under the Alternative Funding Mechanism for APC-free Open Access journals and platforms (FP7 Post grant Pilot). The technical improvement plans included in the funded proposals make emphasis on specific areas, such as OpenAIRE compliance, providing article-level information to the DOAJ, systematically collecting and exposing the funding information whenever it’s made available by authors and implementing ORCID. The results are presented at the mid-term progress assessment in December, 2016, and in the final report delivered on April, 2017. Since December, 2016, SCIndeks is OpenAIRE 3.0 (OA, funding) compliant, and regularly harvested by the OpeAIRE portal.
The National Library of Serbia undertook to establish cooperation with CrossRef on behalf of selected journals, as well as to create article‐level metadata for them in the appropriate format and assign DOIs to their articles. Although doiSerbia is not intended as a publishing platform, both PDFs and metadata are stored within the doiSerbia platform, on the server of the National Library. Due to this, journals which do not have a website can make their content available electronically. The ministry responsible for science has been funding the DOI assignment for 61 Serbian scholarly journals (about 30000 articles) since 2002 until present.OA has been embraced by almost all Serbian journals, though only some of them have an explicitly defined OA policy. The project “Revisiting Open Access Journal Policies and Practices in Serbia” (funded through EIFL-OA programme in 2016) helped OA publishers in Serbia realize problems, implement good practices and identify possible models in their efforts towards improving OA journals. A comprehensive study “Open Access Journals in Serbia: Policies and Practices” by Milica Ševkušić at al. has been recently published; it includes good practice advice and policy and licensing templates that could be of great help to journal editors.
NaRDuS - National Repository of Dissertations in Serbia (nardus.mpn.gov.rs)
The Law on Higher Education (Amendments as of 2014) stipulates the establishment of a central national digital repository of PhD theses defended at all universities in Serbia – both public and private, accompanied with thesis evaluation reports. These changes are fully in line with the guidelines of the framework program of the European Union for research and innovation (Horizon 2020) and will encourage the participation of our higher education institutions in the European repository of doctoral dissertations. The NaRDuS was developed within the Tempus project RODOS (Restructuring of Doctoral Studies in Serbia). Since December, 2016, NaRDuS is OpenAIRE 3.0 (OA, funding) compliant, and regularly harvested by the OpeAIRE portal.
KoBSON, the Serbian Library Consortium for Coordinated Acquisition was established in 2001 and represents the Serbian research community. Through the National Library of Serbia, acting as a hub, the Consortium currently provides access to some 30,000 international journal titles, and more than 160,000 books. All these licenses are financed centrally by the Ministry of Science through a contract with the National Library. The KoBSON portal is the official site of the Serbian Consortium, hosted and maintained by the Center for Scientific Information at the National Library of Serbia. The portal offers integrated access to electronic content subscribed by the Consortium.
List of national agreements:
Although OA is not mandated, a significant part of books resulting from national research projects and subsidized by MESTD are freely available to readers. However, they are often difficult to find, as they are scattered across institutional websites, social networks for researchers and Google Books, and their OA status is not always clearly stated.
The National portal on Open Science was launched in July, 2018, with the intention to collect and deliver all relevant information on open science in the Serbian language. The portal contains information on open science policies, guidelines and best practices.
A new SCIndeks functionality: Policy and Licensing Support Service (2017)
Kickstart your ORCID ID (2017) is a set of brief video tutorials about ORCID IDs. The video's are in Serbian and should be understood throughout the Western Balkans. They are intended for all those who (still) do not have ORCID profiles, but they may also be useful for registered ORCID users who have not fully set up their profiles. Each topic is explained in a short video (about 6 minutes) aimed at helping users register and maintain their ORCID profiles.
EIFL support leads to improvements in open access publishing policies and practices in Serbia (2016). Results were published in the article: Defining the Editorial Policies of Open Access Journals in Serbia and the Role of Librarians in This Process
CEON/CEES: Promoting strategic planning in open access journal development (2015)
JISC Open Access Briefing Paper - Serbian translation (2015)
Three OpenAIRE factsheets have been translated into the Serbian language
OpenAIRE general: https://h2020.rcub.bg.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/vodic_H2020.pdf
Open Research Data: https://h2020.rcub.bg.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/vodic_ORDP.pdf
FP7 Gold Open Access Publishing Funds Pilot: https://h2020.rcub.bg.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/vodic_FP7PostGrant.pdf