Turkey is about to be one of the biggest higher education landscape with the 207 universities in Europe. The 129 of these universities are financed publicly, and the 78 left are the private universities who are also performing the higher education activities in the national and international level. Yüksek Öğretim Kurulu -YÖK (The Council of Higher Education - CoHE) has been administrating the activities of the universities in Turkey.
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“The National Open Science Committee” was set up by the Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council (TUBITAK) in the year 2015 and CoHE established "Open Science and Open Access Working Group" in the year 2018 and "Turkey Research Data and Open Data Task Force" sub-working group in 2019. T.C. Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanlığı (Republic of Turkey Ministry of Industry and Technology has been aiming the national research environment with a view to enhancing the competitiveness of the country in the international level by supporting the activities on developing and implementing policies, strategies, plans and programs on science, industry and technology, promoting the adoption of a scientific approach and understanding in the society as the society is transformed into an information society, and providing the necessary conditions for a safe, sustainable, efficient, environmental-friendly production which is based on high technology. Anadolu Üniversite Kütüphaneleri Konsorsiyumu Derneği (Anatolian University Libraries Consortium Association - ANKOS) is also supporting the Open Access Initiatives and studies via the ANKOS Open Access and Institutional Repositories Working Group (ANKOS OAIR). The Open Access movement in Turkey began mainly with the activities of ANKOS (The Anatolian University Libraries Consortium) Open Access and Institutional Repositories (OAIR) Working Group in 2006.
The publications produced from the projects supported by TUBITAK must be uploaded to TUBITAK Open Archive that provides service under the name Aperta . It is recommended that the research data of these publications should be open access.
TUBITAK has prepared the “Research Data Training Portal” where sample data management plans are shared to assist the researchers in data management and sharing.
According to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) February 2020 data there are 413 Turkish OA journals which were registered to DOAJ. Some of these journals are hosted by OA journal platforms, but most are run individually by research institutions and learned societies. The registered journal number to the TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM DergiPark Project has been 1.879 (February 2020)
TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM DergiPark is also one of the biggest OpenAIRE data provider.