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116 documents, page 1 of 12

Women's Labour Supply after Childbirth: An Empirical Analysis for Switzerland

Djurdjevic, Dragana (2005)
In this paper, I investigate employment behaviour of women one year after childbirth. Since the study is based on a sample of mothers only, a corrective method for selection into motherhood has been applied. In the empirical work, I use the family sex composition as an instrument for fertility. The primary focus of this study is to investigate the regional differences in the labour supply of women after childbirth. In Switzerland, childcare policy is an area being the responsibility of canton...

The Effect of Linear Time Trends on Cointegration Testing in Single Equations

Hassler, Uwe (2002)
This paper surveys the asymptotic distributions of three widely used single equation cointegration tests. Particular attention is paid to the case where the regressors are integrated with drift, i.e. at least one of the regressors follows a linear trend. Even if the regressions are not detrended, the asymptotic critical values are affected by the presence of linear trends in the regressors. Not taking into account this effect leads to tests that are biased towards establishing cointegration t...

Coalition Governments and Policy Reform with Asymmetric Information

Helm, Carsten; Neugart, Michael (2008)
With ideological parties being better informed about the state of the world than voters, the true motivation of policy proposals is hard to judge for the electorate. However, if reform proposals have to be agreed upon by coalition parties, it may become possible for the government to signal to the voters its private information about the necessity of reforms. Therefore, in coalition governments reforms will be more in line with policy requirements than in single-party governments. This is usu...

Education, economic growth and measured income inequality

Rehme, Günther (2006)
In this paper education simultaneously affects growth and income inequality. More education does not necessarily decrease inequality when the latter is assessed by the Lorenz dominance criterion. Increases in education first increase and then decrease growth as well as income inequality, when measured by the Gini coefficient. There is no clear functional relationship between growth and measured income inequality. The model identifies regimes of this relationship which depend crucially on the ...

Transatlantic differences in labour markets changes in wage and non-employment structures in the 1980s and the 1990s

Puhani, Patrick A. (2005)
Rising wage inequality in the U.S. and Britain and rising continental European unemployment have led to a popular view in the economics profession that these two phenomena are related to negative relative demand shocks against the unskilled, combined with flexible wages in the Anglo-Saxon countries, but wage rigidities in continental Europe ('Krugman hypothesis'). This paper tests this hypothesis based on seven large person-level data sets for the 1980s and the 1990s. I use a more sophisticat...

Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beratung - Fluch oder Segen für die Politik?

Schips, Bernd (2003)
Referat im Rahmen der Verabschiedung Herrn Prof. Dr. rer. pol. Günther Poser, gehalten am 14.07.2003 im Georg-Christoph-Lichtenberg Haus, Darmstadt.

Numerical Explorations of the Ngai-Pissarides Model of Growth and Structural Change

Dietrich, Andreas; Krüger, Jens (2010)
In this paper we specialize the Ngai-Pissarides model of growth and structural change [American Economic Review 97 (2007), 429-443] to the case of three sectors, representing the primary (agriculture, mining), secondary (construction, manufacturing) and tertiary (services) sectors. On that basis we explore the dynamic properties of the model along the transition path to the steady-state equilibrium by numerical methods. Our explorations show that the model misses several stylized facts of str...

News Reaction in Financial Markets within a Behavioral Finance Model with Heterogeneous Agents

Fischer, Thomas (2011)
This paper presents a Heterogeneous Agent Model of a financial market with chartist and fundamentalist traders that exhibit bounded rationality and short-term thinking to explain the effect of under and overreaction to news. The existence of the Market Maker's finite price adjustment speed leads to the fact that prices do not adjust instantaneously to new information. Chartists use moving average rules to make their investment decisions. Chartist can transform an underreaction-only scenario i...

The dollar and the German stock market: determination of exposure to and pricing of exchange rate risk using APT-modelling

Entorf, Horst; Jamin, Gösta (2003)
We estimate the impact of dollar changes on the value of German DAX corporations, using APT-modelling for the period 1977 - 1995. Several macroeconomic risk factors, including the dollar and a residual market factor representing the general market risk, are specified. The general notion is that the export-oriented German companies should benefit from increasing dollar values. We find time-varying dollar exposure presumably depending on the prevailing trade regime. Dollar sensitivity is positi...

The impact of backwardation on hedgers' demand for currency futures contracts: theory versus empirical evidence

Röthig, Andreas (2008)
This study compares the relation between backwardation and optimal hedging demand as suggested by economic theory to empirical findings concerning the impact of weak and strong backwardation on hedgers' trading volume in six long and short currency futures contracts. First, the optimal hedging demand of a representative importer, with and without hedging costs, is derived. Then hedgers' position data from the Commitments of Traders (COT) report are regressed on weak and strong backwardation. ...