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25 documents, page 1 of 3

Irreversibility of Asymptotic Entanglement Manipulation Under Quantum Operations Completely Preserving Positivity of Partial Transpose

We demonstrate the irreversibility of asymptotic entanglement manipulation under quantum operations that completely preserve the positivity of partial transpose (PPT), resolving a major open problem in quantum information theory. Our key tool is a new efficiently computable additive lower bound for the asymptotic relative entropy of entanglement with respect to PPT states, which can be used to evaluate the entanglement cost under local operations and classical communication (LOCC). We find th...

On the quantum no-signalling assisted zero-error classical simulation cost of non-commutative bipartite graphs

Using one channel to simulate another exactly with the aid of quantum no-signalling correlations has been studied recently. The one-shot no-signalling assisted classical zero-error simulation cost of non-commutative bipartite graphs has been formulated as semidefinite programms [Duan and Winter, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 62, 891 (2016)]. Before our work, it was unknown whether the one-shot (or asymptotic) no-signalling assisted zero-error classical simulation cost for general non-commutative gr...

When do Local Operations and Classical Communication Suffice for Two-Qubit State Discrimination?

In this paper we consider the conditions under which a given ensemble of two-qubit states can be optimally distinguished by local operations and classical communication (LOCC). We begin by completing the \emph{perfect} distinguishability problem of two-qubit ensembles - both for separable operations and LOCC - by providing necessary and sufficient conditions for the perfect discrimination of one pure and one mixed state. Then for the well-known task of minimum error discrimination, it is show...

Activated zero-error classical communication over quantum channels assisted with quantum no-signalling correlations

We study the activated quantum no-signalling-assisted zero-error classical capacity by first allowing the assistance from some noiseless forward communication channel and later paying back the cost of the helper. This activated communication model considers the additional forward noiseless channel as a catalyst for communication. First, we show that the one-shot activated capacity can be formulated as a semidefinite program and we derive a number of striking properties of this capacity. We fu...

Improved Semidefinite Programming Upper Bound on Distillable Entanglement

A new additive and semidefinite programming (SDP) computable entanglement measure is introduced to upper bound the amount of distillable entanglement in bipartite quantum states by operations completely preserving the positivity of partial transpose (PPT). This quantity is always smaller than or equal to the logarithmic negativity, the previously best known SDP bound on distillable entanglement, and the inequality is strict in general. Furthermore, a succinct SDP characterization of the one-c...

Approximate broadcasting of quantum correlations

Broadcasting quantum and classical information is a basic task in quantum information processing, and is also a useful model in the study of quantum correlations including quantum discord. We establish a full operational characterization of two-sided quantum discord in terms of bilocal broadcasting of quantum correlations. Moreover, we show that both the optimal fidelity of unilocal broadcasting of the correlations in an arbitrary bipartite quantum state and that of broadcasting an arbitrary ...

Converse bounds for classical communication over quantum networks

We explore the classical communication over quantum channels with one sender and two receivers, or with two senders and one receiver, First, for the quantum broadcast channel (QBC) and the quantum multi-access channel (QMAC), we study the classical communication assisted by non-signalling and positive-partial-transpose-preserving codes, and obtain efficiently computable one-shot bounds to assess the performance of classical communication. Second, we consider the asymptotic communication capab...

A new property of the Lov\'asz number and duality relations between graph parameters

We show that for any graph $G$, by considering "activation" through the strong product with another graph $H$, the relation $\alpha(G) \leq \vartheta(G)$ between the independence number and the Lov\'{a}sz number of $G$ can be made arbitrarily tight: Precisely, the inequality \[ \alpha(G \times H) \leq \vartheta(G \times H) = \vartheta(G)\,\vartheta(H) \] becomes asymptotically an equality for a suitable sequence of ancillary graphs $H$. This motivates us to look for other products of graph pa...

Separation between quantum Lov\'asz number and entanglement-assisted zero-error classical capacity

Quantum Lov\'asz number is a quantum generalization of the Lov\'asz number in graph theory. It is the best known efficiently computable upper bound of the entanglement-assisted zero-error classical capacity of a quantum channel. However, it remains an intriguing open problem whether quantum entanglement can always enhance the zero-error capacity to achieve the quantum Lov\'asz number. In this paper, by constructing a particular class of qutrit-to-qutrit channels, we show that there exists a s...

Indistinguishability of bipartite states by positive-partial-transpose operations in the many-copy scenario

A bipartite subspace $S$ is called strongly positive-partial-transpose-unextendible (PPT-unextendible) if for every positive integer $k$, there is no PPT operator supporting on the orthogonal complement of $S^{\otimes k}$. We show that a subspace is strongly PPT-unextendible if it contains a PPT-definite operator (a positive semidefinite operator whose partial transpose is positive definite). Based on these, we are able to propose a simple criterion for verifying whether a set of bipartite or...
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