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Psychologica Belgica
261 Publications
OpenAIRE 3.0 (OA, funding)


  • The Role of Self-Transcendence and Cognitive Processes in the Response Expectancy Effect

    Fresson, Megan; Dardenne, Benoit; Geurten, Marie; Anzaldi, Laury; Meulemans, Thierry (2017)
    Neuropsychological assessment is known to be influenced by expectancy effects, which can either enhance (placebo) or diminish (nocebo) cognitive performance. Research suggests that the response expectancy effect is influenced by various individual and situational factors and that the placebo effect results in an increase in monitoring processes as measured indirectly. However, the impact on monitoring processes has not yet been studied by direct measures such as Judgement Of Learning (JOL). T...

    The Effect of Central Executive Load on Fourth and Sixth Graders’ Use of Arithmetic Strategies

    Ai, Jiru; Yang, Jia; Zhang, Tangzheng; Si, Jiwei; Liu, Yaqiong (2017)
    In the present study, we set out to investigate whether and how central executive load constrains the strategies that children use during arithmetic processing. Using a dual-task paradigm accompanied by the choice/no-choice method, we tested 233 children (115 6th graders, 118 4th graders). Results showed that the impact of central executive load on reaction times and accuracy scores related to strategy use increased with the magnitude of the demands of the central executive, with central exec...

    Perpetrator as a Potential Victim. Does Threatened Retaliation from the Victim Reduce Obedience towards Authority?

    Grzyb, Tomasz; Doliński, Dariusz (2017)
    In an experiment conducted within the Milgram paradigm, it was examined whether obedience towards an authority would be reduced in conditions in which the teacher had grounds to fear revenge from the learner. A comparison was made of the behaviour of participants in classic conditions and in conditions in which they were told that following the first part of the experiment, there would be an alteration of roles: the teacher would become the learner. It turned out that the level of compliance ...

    Why Humans Fail in Solving the Monty Hall Dilemma: A Systematic Review

    Saenen, Lore; Heyvaert, Mieke; Van Dooren, Wim; Schaeken, Walter; Onghena, Patrick (2018)
    The Monty Hall dilemma (MHD) is a difficult brain teaser. We present a systematic review of literature published between January 2000 and February 2018 addressing why humans systematically fail to react optimally to the MHD or fail to understand it.Based on a sequential analysis of the phases in the MHD, we first review causes in each of these phases that may prohibit humans to react optimally and to fully understand the problem. Next, we address the question whether humans’ performance, in t...

    Towards a mental probability logic

    Pfeifer, Niki; Kleiter, Gernot D. (2005)
    We propose probability logic as an appropriate standard of reference for evaluating human inferences. Probability logical accounts of nonmonotonic reasoning with SYSTEM P, and conditional syllogisms (MODUS PONENS, etc.) are explored. Furthermore, we present categorical syllogisms with intermediate quantifiers, like the "MOST …" quantifier. While most of the paper is theoretical and intended to stimulate psychological studies, we also summarize our empirical studies on human nonmonotonic reaso...
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