Women Empowerment: Issues Related To Widowhood
Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
The history of mankind reveals that the women have been the foundation stone of society in general and family in particular. Violence against women is a global phenomenon. Since time immemorial, in almost all the countries around the world., whether developed or developing, women have been subjected to violence, atrocities and suppression. However, it is only recently, since the mid-seventies that a growing concern has become visible on the issue of violence against women. Even today, arouse forms of violence against women are prevalent in all society, though many cases remain unreported due to cultural norms, apathy or ignorance. They may manifest themselves directly in foeticide, female child killings, bride-burning, dowry murder, wife battering, abduction, eve-teasing, verbal abuses, verbal rebukes, rape etc. Women on many occasions are victimized by all sorts of discriminations, deprivations and obstructions in goal achieving responses. These incidents may occur in the family, offices, agricultural fields, industries or even in public places. Still more agonizing, is the failure of control system in modern India due to which the intensity, frequency and type of violence against women are increasing day-by-day. The worst part of the problem is that women today, are not feeling safe and secure even in the family. Immediate control of all the atrocities against women needs co-operation from the society, voluntary organizations and governmental agencies. Such a burning problem of violence against women needs a multi disciplinary conceptual analysis.
The use of the term empowerment has become a fashionable and buzzword. The word entered into the vocabulary of various development agencies including international organizations and the United Nations. It was popularized in the mid 1970s, principally through the publication of the book Black Empowerment by Solomon (1976). However, Batliwala (1995:23) observes that during mid-1980s the term empowerment becoming popular in the field of development especially with reference to women. In grassroots programs and policy debates like, empowerment has virtually replaced terms such as welfare, upliftment, community participation, and poverty alleviation, to describe the goal of development and intervention
Widowhood is also one of such problems prevailing in India, which needs more attention of the society. Normally, widows are under tremendous economic, social, psychological and political pressure. Governments have done little to ensure that widows obtain their human rights it inheritance and land ownership or are protected from gross mental, physical and sexual abuse, fro example, through coercive, traditional practices such s degrading and harmful mourning rites.