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Fabrizio, Michele

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  • Superconductivity from doping a spin liquid insulator: a simple one-dimensional example

    We study the phase diagram of a one-dimensional Hubbard model where, in addition to the standard nearest neighbor hopping $t$, we also include a next-to-nearest neighbor hopping $t'$. For strong enough on-site repulsion, this model has a transition at half filling from a magnetic insulator with gapless spin excitations at small $t'/t$ to a dimerized insulator with a spin gap at larger $t'/t$. We show that upon doping this model exhibits quite interesting features, which include the presence o...

    Quantum fluctuations beyond the Gutzwiller approximation

    We present a simple scheme to evaluate linear response functions including quantum fluctuation corrections on top of the Gutzwiller approximation. The method is derived for a generic multi-band lattice Hamiltonian without any assumption about the dynamics of the variational correlation parameters that define the Gutzwiller wavefunction, and which thus behave as genuine dynamical degrees of freedom that add on those of the variational uncorrelated Slater determinant. We apply the method to the...

    Kondo physics and the Mott transition

    In these lecture notes of the Autumn School on Correlated Electrons 2017 I discuss the relationships among the Kondo physics and the Mott transition.

    Gutzwiller description of non-magnetic Mott insulators: a dimer lattice model

    We introduce a novel extension of the Gutzwiller variational wavefunction able to deal with insulators that escape any mean-field like description, as for instance non-magnetic insulators. As an application, we study the Mott transition from a paramagnetic metal into a non-magnetic Peierls, or valence-bond, Mott insulator. We analyze this model by means of our Gutzwiller wavefunction analytically in the limit of large coordination lattices, where we find that: (1) the Mott transition is first...

    The Out-of-Equilibrium Time-Dependent Gutzwiller Approximation

    We review the recently proposed extension of the Gutzwiller approximation, M. Schiro' and M. Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 076401 (2010), designed to describe the out-of-equilibrium time-evolution of a Gutzwiller-type variational wave function for correlated electrons. The method, which is strictly variational in the limit of infinite lattice-coordination, is quite general and flexible, and it is applicable to generic non-equilibrium conditions, even far beyond the linear response regime. A...

    Many-body breakdown of indirect gap in topological Kondo insulators

    We show that the inclusion of nonlocal correlation effects in a variational wave function for the ground state of a topological Anderson lattice Hamiltonian is capable of describing both topologically trivial insulating phases and nontrivial ones characterized by an indirect gap, as well as its closure at the transition into a metallic phase. The method, though applied to an oversimplified model, thus captures the metallic and insulating states that are indeed observed in a variety of Kondo s...

    How localized bosons manage to become superfluid

    We study the superfluid-to-Bose glass transition in a disordered Bose-Hubbard model through a very simple variational wavefunction: a permanent of non-orthogonal single-particle wavefunctions that are variationally determined. The transition is identified by the behavior of the superfluid stiffness. We also introduce a less rigorous but very enlightening criterium for the transition, which is related to the overlap matrix among the single-particle wavefunctions that are used to built the perm...

    Non-Fermi-liquid behavior in quantum impurity models with superconducting channels

    We study how the non-Fermi-liquid nature of the overscreened multi-channel Kondo impurity model affects the response to a BCS pairing term that, in the absence of the impurity, opens a gap Δ. We find that the low-energy spectrum in the limit Δ → 0 actually does not correspond to the spectrum strictly at Δ = 0. In particular, in the two-channel Kondo model the Δ → 0 ground state is an orbitally degenerate spin-singlet, while it is an orbital singlet with a residual spin degeneracy at Δ = 0. In...

    Mott physics beyond Brinkman-Rice scenario

    The main flaw of the well-known Brinkman-Rice description, obtained through the Gutzwiller approximation, of the paramagnetic Mott transition in the Hubbard model is in neglecting high-energy virtual processes that generate for instance the antiferromagnetic exchange $J\sim t^2/U$. Here we propose a way to capture those processes by combining the Brinkman-Rice approach with a variational Schrieffer-Wolff transformation, and apply this method to study the single-band metal-to-insulator transit...
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