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Greer, Ian

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  • Organized industrial relations in the information economy: the German automotive sector as a test case

    Greer, Ian (2008)
    This paper explores changes in industrial relations in the German automotive sector. Historically, this sector has generated important insights about national ‘models’ and the political economy of work. It is argued that vertical disintegration has created new market-mediated boundaries that have undermined existing patterns of organised industrial relations.

    Labor Relations in The İnformation Economy: The German Automotive Sector as Test Case

    Greer, Ian (2006)
    Manuel Castells is most famous for his theory of an “information society” in which the world is “boundaryless,” identities shifted, and place-bound social relations transformed by a nebulous “space of flows,” of finance, telecommunications, migration, and tourism.[1] Yet, elsewhere, in his book on Finland, he argues that the information society is malleable and can co-exist with strong state and high levels of equality (Castells and Himanen 2002). This raises the question of how the changes h...

    Identity work: sustaining transnational collective action at General Motors Europe

    What are the conditions under which transnational collective action is initiated and sustained? This article presents a case study of General Motors Europe, where labor leaders have mobilized the workforce and bargained with management at the transnational level repeatedly over more than a decade as a response to management whipsawing and threats of plant closures. In contrast to structuralist interest-based theories of union behavior, we identify a process of “identity work” that was necessa...

    Labor and regional development in the U.S.A.: building a high road infrastructure in Buffalo, New York

    "In a country where worker representatives lack broadly institutionalized roles as “social partners,” how can they play a constructive role in solving the problems of regional development? In Buffalo, New York, regularized, labor-inclusive procedures of problem solving involving multiple coalition partners – what we call a high-road social infrastructure – has emerged. Socially engaged researchers and educators have played a role in spreading lessons and organizing dialogue....

    Marketization, inequality, and institutional change

    This paper develops a theoretical framework for analyzing the social effects of marketization. We define marketization as the imposition or intensification of price-based competition. It includes a wide range of phenomena, such as outsourcing, privatization, active labor market policies, and the international integration of markets for goods services, capital, and labor. Our central proposition is that the diverse forms that marketization takes have the common effect of increasing economic an...

    Comparing workfare regimes: similarities, differences, and exceptions

    This paper examines the spread of punitive welfare reforms aimed at enforcing work and discouraging unemployment, what we call ‘workfarism’. While comparative institutionalist theories predict that these policies should be confined to countries with ‘liberal’ political economies such as the US and UK, elements of workfarism have appeared in other countries with more generous welfare states, including Germany. Drawing on secondary literature and our field research, we describe and compare work...

    When does marketisation lead to privatisation? Profit-making in English health services after the 2012 Health and Social Care Act

    Governments world-wide have attempted to use market mechanisms and privatisation to increase the quality and/or reduce the cost of healthcare. England's Health and Social Care Act 2012 is an attempt to promote privatisation through marketisation in the National Health Service (NHS). While the health policy literature tends to assume that privatisation follows from private-sector entry points, we argue that this is more likely if firms expect to make a profit. This paper examines the link betw...

    A systematic review on the use of new anticoagulants in pregnancy

    New anticoagulants such as direct factor Xa inhibitors and direct thrombin inhibitors have been recently developed, but their experience in pregnancy is limited. This review therefore aims to systematically search for studies on the use of these newer anticoagulants in pregnancy and the puerperal period. Searches were performed on electronic databases MEDLINE (from 1966), EMBASE (from 1974) and the Cochrane Library, until October 2011 using terms of ‘pregnancy’, ‘puerperium’, ‘breastfeeding’ ...

    Management whipsawing: The staging of labor competition under globalization

    This paper examines management whipsawing practices in the European auto industry based on more than 200 interviews and a comparison of three auto makers. We identify four distinct ways in which managers stage competition between plants to extract labor concessions: informal, hegemonic, coercive, and rule-based whipsawing. Practices at the three examined auto firms vary and change, we find, due to two factors: structural whipsawing capacity and management labor relations strategy. In the cont...
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