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The many-body states in an extended Fermionic Molecular Dynamics approach are flexible enough to allow the description of nuclei with shell model nature as well as nuclei with cluster and halo structures. Different many-body configurations are obtained by minimizing the energy under constraints on collective variables like radius, dipole, quadrupole and octupole deformations. In the sense of the Generator Coordinate Method we perform variation after projection and multiconfiguration calculati...
A phase-space representation of nuclear interactions, which depends on the distance $\vec{r}$ and relative momentum $\vec{p}$ of the nucleons, is presented. A method is developed that permits to extract the interaction $V(\vec{r},\vec{p})$ from antisymmetrized matrix elements given in a spherical basis with angular momentum quantum numbers, either in momentum or coordinate space representation. This representation visualizes in an intuitive way the non-local behavior introduced by cutoffs in ...
The short range repulsion between nucleons is treated by a unitary correlation operator which shifts the nucleons away from each other whenever their uncorrelated positions are within the replusive core. By formulating the correlation as a transformation of the relative distance between particle pairs, general analytic expressions for the correlated wave functions and correlated operators are given. The decomposition of correlated operators into irreducible n-body operators is discussed. The ...
In Fermionic Molecular Dynamics the occurrence of multifragmentation depends strongly on the intrinsic structure of the many-body state. Slater determinants with narrow single-particle states and a cluster substructure show multifragmentation in heavy-ion collisions while those with broad wave functions, which resemble more a shell-model picture, deexcite by particle emission. Which of the two type of states occurs as the ground state minimum or as a local minimum in the energy depends on the...
Fermionic Molecular Dynamics (FMD) models a system of fermions by means of many-body states which are composed of antisymmetrized products of single-particle states. These consist of one or several Gaussians localized in coordinate and momentum space. The parameters specifying them are the dynamical variables of the model. As the repulsive core of the nucleon-nucleon interaction induces short range correlations which cannot be accommodated by a Slater determinant, a novel approach, the unitar...
Starting from the matrix elements of the nucleon-nucleon interaction in momentum space we present a method to derive an operator representation with a minimal set of operators that is required to provide an optimal description of the partial waves with low angular momentum. As a first application we use this method to obtain an operator representation for the Argonne potential transformed by means of the unitary correlation operator method and discuss the necessity of including momentum depen...
We study the dynamics of self-trapping in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) loaded in deep optical lattices with Gaussian initial conditions, when the dynamics is well described by the Discrete Nonlinear Schr\"odinger Equation (DNLS). In the literature an approximate dynamical phase diagram based on a variational approach was introduced to distinguish different dynamical regimes: diffusion, self-trapping and moving breathers. However, we find that the actual DNLS dynamics shows a completely di...