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Fogel, Robert W.

Last name
Fogel
First name
Robert W.
Country
-
  • Nutrition and the Decline in Mortality Since 1700: Some Additional Preliminary Findings

    This paper is an extensive revision and expansion of Working Paper No.1402. It centers on a new time series of life expectations in the U.S. since 1720, which has been constructed from the NBER/CPE pilot sample of genealogies. Native-born Americans achieved remarkably long life expectations toward the end ofthe eighteenth century but then experienced a 70-year decline. A new rise began late in the 1850s 'out it was not until 1930 that the Americans again achieved the level of life expectation...

    Economic Growth, Population Theory, and Physiology: The Bearing of Long-Term Processes on the Making of Economic Policy

    This paper sketches a theory of the secular decline in morbidity and mortality that takes account of changes in human physiology since 1700. The synergism between technological and physiological improvements has produced a form of human evolution, much more rapid than natural selection, which is still ongoing in both OECD and developing countries. Thermodynamic and physiological aspects of economic growth are defined and their impact on growth rates is assessed. Implications of this theory fo...

    The Impact of the Asian Miracle on the Theory of Economic Growth

    This paper, divided into seven sections, considers the development of economic growth theory in light of the spectacular advances of the economies of China, India, and Southeast Asia. Section 1 reviews the debate over the sources of technological change and the measurement of total factor productivity that emerged during the second half of the 1950s. Section 2, "Convergence and Divergence," deals with the closing of the economic gap between the U.S. and other OECD nations that existed after W...

    Reconsidering Expectations of Economic Growth After World War II from the Perspective of 2004

    At the close of World War II, the future of economic development was the subject of wide-ranging debates. Historical experience has since shown that these forecasts were uniformly too pessimistic. Expectations for the American economy focused on the likelihood of secular stagnation, which continued to be debated throughout the post-war period. Concerns raised during the late 1960s and early 1970s about rapid population growth smothering the potential for economic growth in developing countrie...

    El crecimiento económico, la teoría de la población y la fisiología: La influencia de los procesos a largo plazo en la elaboración de la política económica

    Nuevos enfoques en la historia económica de España y de América Latina. Homenaje a Robert W. Fogel y Douglas C. North, Premios Nobel de Economía 1993 Editada en la Universidad Carlos III Publicado

    Changes in the Process of Aging During the Twentieth Century: Findings and Procedures of the Early Indicators Project

    The program project Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease and Death investigates how socioeconomic and environmental factors in early life can shape health and work levels in later life. Project researchers have approached this problem by creating a life-cycle sample that permits a longitudinal study of the aging of Union Army veterans, the first cohort to reach age 65 during the twentieth century. Comparing Union Army data with data from NHANES and NHIS has shown that age-specific p...

    Problems in Modeling Complex Dynamic interactions: The Political Realignment of the 1850s

    The aim of this paper is to break open the stochastic component of a maj or political change and to show that what seems like the product of purely chance events is the particular conjunction of processes, each of which is definable in a systematic way, that provide collectively a favorable context in which purely chance events operate. It is only in a particular context that the purely chance events became decisive in bringing about a particular political outcome. Section 1 emphasizes that L...

    Secular Trends in Physiological Capital: Implications for Equity in Health Care

    Over the past three centuries there has been a rapid accumulation of physiological capital in OECD countries. Enhanced physiological capital is tied to long-term reduction in environmental hazards and to the conquest of chronic malnutrition. Data on heights and birth weights suggests that physiological capital has become more equally distributed, thereby reducing socioeconomic disparities in the burden of disease. Implications for health care policy are: (1) enhanced physiological capital has...

    Nutrition and the Decline in Mortality since 1700: Some Preliminary Findings

    This paper uses the data in the NBER/CPE pilot sample of genealogies to create a new time series on life expectation in the U.S. since 1720. After attaining remarkably high levels toward the end of the eighteenth century, life expectation as measured by e0(10) began a decline that lasted about 80 years before beginning the new rise with which we have long been familiar. Second, time series on the average adult stature of national populations in North America and Europe are used as a measure o...

    Further Comments on The Impact of the Asian Miracle on the Theory of Economic Growth

    This paper addresses three issues related to the relative rates of growth in the United States, the European Union, and China during the four decades between 2000 and 2040. The first concerns the source of the factors which make it likely that China will continue to grow at a high rate for another generation. The paper argues that this growth will be the result of both favorable economic and political conditions. The second concerns the source of declining GDP growth in the original fifteen n...
  • Aging of Veterans of the Union Army: Military, Pension, and Medical Records, 1820-1940

    Fogel, Robert W. (1997)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death." With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomical data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The project seeks to examine the influence of environmental and host factors prior ...

    Aging of Veterans of the Union Army: Surgeons' Certificates, Version S-1 Standardized, 1862-1940

    Fogel, Robert W. (2002)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death." With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project collects military, medical, and socioeconomic data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The surgeons' certificates contain information from examining physicians to determine elig...

    Aging of Veterans of the Union Army: United States Federal Census Records, 1850, 1860, 1900, 1910

    Fogel, Robert W. (1997)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death." With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomical data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The project seeks to examine the influence of environmental and host factors prior ...

    Aging of Veterans of the Union Army: Surgeons' Certificates, 1860-1940

    Fogel, Robert W. (2000)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death." With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project collects military, medical, and socioeconomic data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The surgeons' certificates contain information from examining physicians to determine elig...

    Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865

    Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L. (1984)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This study presents data pertaining to slave sales and appraisals that took place from 1775 to 1865 in eight states of the southern United States: Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi. The data were obtained from probate records on deposit in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Genealogical Society Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Variables document the sale locations and the appraised and sale values of the slaves, as we...

    New Orleans Slave Sale Sample, 1804-1862

    Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L. (1984)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This study includes data on slave sales that occurred on the New Orleans slave market between 1804-1862. For each sale, information was recorded on the date of the sale, the number of slaves on the invoice, the geographical origin of the buyer and seller, the sale price, and characteristics of the slaves sold (age, sex, family relationship, and occupation). The information presented for each transaction was obtained from the notarized bills of sale in the New Orleans Notarial Archival Office....

    Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865

    Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L. (1984)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This study presents data pertaining to slave sales and appraisals that took place from 1775 to 1865 in eight states of the southern United States: Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi. The data were obtained from probate records on deposit in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Genealogical Society Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Variables document the sale locations and the appraised and sale values of the slaves, as we...

    Union Army Recruits in White Regiments in the United States, 1861-1865

    Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L.; Pope, Clayne; Wimmer, Larry (1991)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection was designed to analyze the relationships among height, morbidity, and mortality among individuals recruited into the Union Army. Information about each recruit includes date, place, and term of enlistment, place of birth, military ID number, random number assigned to each company, occupation before enlistment, age at enlistment, and height. Population figures for 1850 to 1860 by race, sex, and county of birth also are included by county and town of both recruit's birth a...

    United States Census of Mortality: 1850, 1860, and 1870

    Fogel, Robert W.; Ferrie, Joseph; Costa, Dora; Karlan, Dean S. (2000)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection is a portion of the historical data collected by the project, "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death," which is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomic data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. During 1850, 1860, and 1870, mortality information was gathered at the county level as an addendum to the population census. These data examine the impact of environmental factors on life outcomes and look at the ...

    United States Census of Mortality: 1850, 1860, and 1870

    Fogel, Robert W.; Ferrie, Joseph; Costa, Dora; Karlan, Dean S. (2000)
    Publisher: ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
    This data collection is a portion of the historical data collected by the project, "Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death," which is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomic data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. During 1850, 1860, and 1870, mortality information was gathered at the county level as an addendum to the population census. These data examine the impact of environmental factors on life outcomes and look at the ...

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